Nepal: Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 41022-022

Summary

The Project has three components. Component 1 will develop an efficient, effective, and accountable urban water supply and sanitation sector by establishing and implementing policies, establishing service standards, and enhancing sector coordination. Component 2 will entail development of safe, accessible, and adequate water supply and sanitation facilities in about 20 small towns. Component 3 will strengthen governance and capacity for project management and operation.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

See also: CMS

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Notices

See also: Operational Procurement

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Documents


Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Project Name Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project Number 41022-022
Country Nepal
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0157-NEP: Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 45.10 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The Project has three components. Component 1 will develop an efficient, effective, and accountable urban water supply and sanitation sector by establishing and implementing policies, establishing service standards, and enhancing sector coordination. Component 2 will entail development of safe, accessible, and adequate water supply and sanitation facilities in about 20 small towns. Component 3 will strengthen governance and capacity for project management and operation.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Although Nepal is considered ahead of its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target of 73% (95% for urban and 72% for rural) in terms of access to an improved water source, the Nepal Millennium Development Goals: Progress Report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) published in 2005 cautions against optimism because of serious functionality problems. Based on a survey in 2002, it was reported that water availability was only intermittent in many areas, half of the gravity flow systems in the hills needed major repair, and more than half of the tubewells in the Terai were contaminated. UNDP concludes that Nepal's coverage could be considerably lower if the strict definition of access to safe drinking water were applied. Access to improved sanitation services was estimated to be only 27% in 2006 according to the World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, and the MDG target of 53% (67% for urban and 52% for rural) for sanitation will not be met, if the rate of increase in coverage between 2000 and 2006 is maintained until 2015. Currently, 265 towns (153 Terai and 112 hill towns) are classified as small towns in Nepal, with a total population of 3.6 million. These towns are being developed haphazardly, although they are playing an important role in creating economic links between the rural areas and the country's urban economy. Water supply in many small towns is deficient both in terms of coverage
and water quality. There is serious and urgent need to improve water supply and sanitation services in small towns.
Impact Improved health and economic and environmental living conditions of people in small towns in Nepal.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved, affordable, and sustainable water supply and sanitation services which are governed and managed by locally accountable representative bodies.
Progress Toward Outcome Twenty-one town projects are at various stages of construction. Sanitation component has been designed and preparation for procurement is ongoing. Household latrine construction has started. WUSCs have been formed in all project towns. It is likely that the project will achieve its outcome to provide an improved water supply services to about 240,000 population.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Efficient, effective, and accountable urban water supply and sanitation sector developed.

2. Safe, accessible, and adequate water supply and sanitation facilities developed in 20 towns.

2.1 Water supply facilities expanded and rehabilitated

2.2 Sanitation facilities expanded and improved

2.3 Households connected to the water supply and sanitation system

3. Governance and capacity strengthened for project management and operation.

3.1 WUSCs strengthened and fully address concerns of the diverse groups of users

3.2 Regional monitoring and supervision offices/WSSDOs strengthened

3.3 Public awareness on health and hygiene increased

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. SEIU established on 31 July 2009 and the Government of Nepal (GON) institutionalized SEIU as a permanent unit of the MOUD in June 2012. Under the project, SEIU's tasks include (i) supporting the implementation of the Urban Water Supply & Sanitation Sector Policy; (ii) establishing water supply & sanitation service standards & incrementally measuring & monitoring performance of service levels provided by all utilities (including local governments & WUSCs); (iii) enhancing sector coordination; & (iv) assisting the formulation of new laws, policies, & guidelines.

The SEIU has led on enhancing sector coordination, through the existing Sector Stakeholder Group (SSG). The Joint Sector Review (JSR) of May 2011 confirmed sector commitments for action plans associated with the themes and produced the first Sector Status Report. In September 2012 and 2013 further SSG meetings have been held to report on sector progress and financial performance. In the latest JSR of 31 March-1 April 2014, recommendations were made regarding the further strengthening of SEIU and its evolvement as the Secretariat of sector coordination and Information hub of the Sector.

SEIU has initiated the development of a National WASH Sector Development Plan.

The GON has approved the operational directive for WS schemes. For small towns and larger water supply schemes, SEIU has started benchmarking of Water Supply Service Providers. The first Data Book will be published in March 2014, covering 32 water supply service providers. The second Data Book will be launched in March 2015 and will cover 63 schemes.

National standard for sewerage and wastewater management has been drafted in consultation with MoSTE.

2. 21 contracts for water supply and sanitation subprojects have been awarded (6 in 2011, 7 in 2012 and 8 in 2013) and work is under progress. 2 contracts for civil works for sanitation have been awarded in 2015 and works are under progress.

3,216 household latrines have been constructed, 22 public/ instritutional toilets have been constructed.

1,113 km of network of water supply pipes have been installed. 19,375 households connected to piped water supply. 2,210 household latrines have been constructed and 1,146 tap connections have been done as a part of OBA implementation.

3. 67%, 23%, 4% and 6% Brahman/Chhetri, Janajati, Dalit and others are respectively represented in WUSC so far. WUSCs have been provided with required support training/orientations to enhance their capacity. Total 95 numbers of training (54 numbers in Batch I & 41 numbers in Batch II) were conducted in eighteen town projects.

In Batch I & II, WUSC composed of 64 (34%) female and 124(64%) male member respectively. Altogether in key position 64(77%) male and 19 (23%) female members are working in 21 town projects respectively.

15% of the capital cost for construction of 21 Water Supply Projects raised by WUSCs.Required capitals funds (mandatory 5% upfront cash) has been raised and involved in decision making process since the beginning of the town projects.

Three Social Development Officers (two female and one male) have been designated in PMO for M&E of all small towns projects activities. Similarly, one Social Development and Safeguards Specialist consultant has been working since 2010.

Various training and campaign has been carried out on health, hygiene and sanitation. Hence, it has been improved after implementation of Small Town projects.

Geographical Location whole country
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The Project's category for Environment is B. IEE with EMP for all the town projects have been prepared. Project Management Office monitors the status of environmental aspects as per EMP.
Involuntary Resettlement The Project's category for involuntary resettlement is B.
Indigenous Peoples The Project's category for indigenous people is B.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations with various stakeholders were done during PPTA. The comments and suggestions made have been reflected in the design of sub projects.
During Project Implementation Stakeholder participation and consultation during the project implementation is ensured through the likes of grievance redress mechanism at town level. GESI action plan is being implemented and also regularly updated.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Consultants will be recruited in line with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Consulting services will be provided to (i) support sector development; (ii) support project management, monitoring, and evaluation at the central level; (iii) carry out design and construction supervision for individual subprojects, including monitoring for safeguards compliance; and (iv) provide training and capacity development programs for WUSCs and other institutions on financial, technical, and managerial aspects. An estimated 2,170 person-months (56 international and 2,114 national) of consulting services are needed.

Sector efficiency improvement unit consultant has been mobilized. A project management consultant is working at the central level. 8 local NGOs and 3 design and supervision consultants have been mobilized for Batch I towns. 9 NGOs and 4 design and supervision consultants have been mobilized for Batch II towns. A design and supervision consultant to enhance functionality of small towns has been recruited.

Procurement

All procurement to be financed under an ADB grant will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). The civil works contract, which will include the technical operation of the system for 1 year after completion of the construction, will be made for each town, combining water supply and sanitation facilities. Civil works contracts valued at more than $1 million equivalent and equipment contracts valued at more than $500,000 will be undertaken through international competitive bidding procedures, while civil works contracts valued at $1 million equivalent or less and equipment contracts valued at $500,000 or less will be procured following national competitive bidding procedures generally in accordance with the Government's Public Procurement Regulations 2007 and Public Procurement Act 2007 and acceptable to ADB. Packages valued at $100,000 or less will be procured under shopping procedures.

21 contracts for civil works in town sub projects and 2 civil works contracts for sanitation have been awarded and the constructions are under progress.

Responsible ADB Officer Laxmi Sharma
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Department of Water Supply and SewerageMr. Ram Deep Sahinfo@stwsssp.gov.npPanipokhari, Kathmandu
Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and TransportMr. Krishna Acharyainfo@moppw.gov.npSinghdurbar, Kathmandu
Ministry of Urban DevelopmentSinghadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal
Timetable
Concept Clearance 23 Feb 2009
Fact Finding 01 Mar 2009 to 16 Mar 2009
MRM 29 May 2009
Approval 17 Sep 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Apr 2009
Last PDS Update 13 Mar 2015

Grant 0157-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Sep 2009 27 Nov 2009 14 Jan 2010 31 Mar 2016 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 71.70 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 45.10 17 Sep 2009 40.90 0.00 91%
Counterpart 26.60 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Sep 2009 29.48 0.00 65%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report Volume 2 (January-December 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2015
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-December 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2015
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Khandbari Town Initial Environmental Examination May 2014
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Baitadi Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2014
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Letang Town Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2014
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Dhankuta Town Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2014
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Rampur Town Water Supply and Sanitation Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Meghauli Town Initial Environmental Examination Sep 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Duhabi Town Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Bhasi Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Narayan Nagarpalika Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Vyas Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Darakh-Sukhad Town Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Mukundapur Town Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2012
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Phidim Town Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2012
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Kakarvitta Town Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2012
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Shivanagar Town Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Damak Town Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Baglung Town Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Lamahi Town Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Sandhikharka Town Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Karaiya-Makrahar Town Initial Environmental Examination Sep 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Indrapur Town Initial Environmental Examination Mar 2011
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Resettlement Framework (Draft) Resettlement Frameworks Mar 2009
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Duhabi Water Supply and Sanitation Sub-project Resettlement Plan (Draft) Resettlement Plans Mar 2009
Second Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project: Khadbari Water Supply and Sanitation Sub-project Resettlement Plan (Draft) Resettlement Plans Mar 2009

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.