Viet Nam: Community-Based Early Childhood Care and Development

Sovereign Project | 41051-012

Summary

The goal of the Project is to improve health, nutrition status, and cognitive and social development of children. The aim is to identify an integrated early childhood care and development (ECCD) model, especially for children under 3 years of age, with a community and poverty targeted focus for selected ethnic minorities and migrant workers. The specific objectives are to (i) identify and pilot cost-effective programs that are accessible for these poor target groups; and (ii) strengthen the capacity of central and local governments in the planning, financing, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation of integrated ECCD interventions.

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Project Name Community-Based Early Childhood Care and Development
Project Number 41051-012
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9119-VIE: Community-Based Early Childhood Care and Development
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 1.90 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Health - Mother and child health care

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The goal of the Project is to improve health, nutrition status, and cognitive and social development of children. The aim is to identify an integrated early childhood care and development (ECCD) model, especially for children under 3 years of age, with a community and poverty targeted focus for selected ethnic minorities and migrant workers. The specific objectives are to (i) identify and pilot cost-effective programs that are accessible for these poor target groups; and (ii) strengthen the capacity of central and local governments in the planning, financing, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation of integrated ECCD interventions.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Government of Viet Nam remains committed to ensuring faster and sustainable poverty reduction as part of its 5 year Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP) 2006-2010 and Comprehensive Poverty Reduction Strategy. The Government has recognized the importance of child development as key to develop an educated labor force for future economic development. ADB aims to assist Government efforts to implement SEDP and promote social inclusiveness.
Impact Improved health, nutrition status, and cognitive and social development of children.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Integrated early childhood care and development model especially for children under 3 years of age
Progress Toward Outcome The pilot project was implemented in Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Binh Duong provinces. The pilot compared several options of providing ECD in Viet Nam. ECD is in serious short supply, expensive, and often outdated and of poor quality. Good ECD is one of the key challenges for sustainable socio-economic development, as it grooms pre-school children intellectually, socially and physically. Four EECD models were (i) public, (ii) urban private-home based, (iii) factory-based, and (iv) community-based. Public nursery schools in which teachers are under the government payroll, and the facilities are fully subsidized. These schools are usually located in administrative centers, easily accessible and typically serve the non-poor. Urban private home nursery schools are more modest in facilities but some provide excellent school services. While community-based schools typically serve the poor in remote rural areas, they only receive small support and communities cannot afford better schools. Children in these schools may lack lunches, teachers, and toys. The Government may want to consider shifting subsidies to these schools. With upgrading of basic ECD facilities, in particular the attendance at home-based schools has increased rapidly. By project closing, EA was able to achieve most project activities, including improvement of facilities and equipment and supplies, and training of teachers. It will be difficult to assess learning impact of the models. Indicators will assess results, in terms of (i) use of nursery schools, (ii) quality of nursery schools, and (iii) learning of children. A simple project monitoring and evaluation tool has been used for a baseline survey in sample schools of project provinces. The survey in particular focused on quality of teaching, teaching materials, school feeding, and monitoring. A end line survey was conducted by end of project to measure the impacts. Final workshops for dissemination of project results and lessons learned and recommendations were organized at national level.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Pilot Early Childhood Care and Development Interventions

Capacity Building for Early Childhood Care and Development

Advocacy and Communication

Project Management, Monitoring and Operations Research

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The EECD models were piloted and assessed. EECD activities at commune level were implemented by village health workers with support of the district technical team. Lunch and fortified supplementary food were organized and provided to children in schools under 3, in particularly malnourished children in Quang Binh and Quang Tri, the poorer provinces with high malnutrition rate among children in project areas. Toys, EECD materials were procured, developed and provided to schools. Growth monitoring was conducted on monthly basis. Parental education was conducted through meetings and cooking lunches in the commune. School readiness and impact assessment were conducted.

The project was approved for extension until 25 September 2013 together with reallocation of grant proceeds.

Geographical Location Quang Tri (2 districts),and Quang Binh (2 Districts) in a total of 30 communes.,The Project will be implemented in the provinces of Binh Duong (2 districts)
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The Project Management Office (PMO) will engage consultants for specific aspects of project implementation. Individual international and national consultants will be contracted in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). ADB will approve all terms of reference for individual consultants prior to recruitment by the PMO. International consultants are as follows (i) ECCD specialist (2pm; 2pm) (ii) food fortification and supplementation specialist (1.5 pm), and (iii) communication and advocacy specialist (2.5 pm).

National consultants are as follows: (i) communication and behavior change specialist (9pm); (ii) ECCD curriculum specialist (2pm) (iii) curriculum and training specialist for ECCD (2.5 pm) (iv) planning and budget specialist (6 pm) (v) financial analyst (1 study) (vi) ECCD specialist (2 pm)

Procurement Civil works, equipment and office supplies will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement.
Responsible ADB Officer Tuyen Nhat Nguyen
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Government Office for Population & Family PlanningDr. Tran Van ChienMinistry of Health 138A Giang Vo, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Timetable
Concept Clearance 28 Feb 2007
Fact Finding 16 Mar 2006 to 21 Mar 2006
MRM -
Approval 19 Feb 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Mar 2007
Last PDS Update 01 Oct 2014

Grant 9119-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Feb 2008 26 Sep 2008 26 Sep 2008 25 Sep 2011 25 Sep 2013 22 Jan 2015
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.14 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 19 Feb 2008 0.00 1.73 91%
Counterpart 0.24 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 1.90 19 Feb 2008 0.00 1.73 91%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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