Viet Nam: Demand-Driven Skills Training for Poverty Reduction in the Cuu Long (Mekong) River Delta

Sovereign Project | 41087-012

Summary

The Government's poverty reduction strategy is integrated into the Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP) 2006-2010, which views job growth as pivotal, but also recognizes the need for targeted interventions to reach isolated communities with high rates of entrenched poverty. As a socially inclusive growth effort, the Government has launched the National Targeted Program on Poverty Reduction (NTPPR), 2006-2010, and designated the Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MOLISA) as a focal government agency responsible for implementation of the NTPPR.

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Project Name Demand-Driven Skills Training for Poverty Reduction in the Cuu Long (Mekong) River Delta
Project Number 41087-012
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9123-VIE: Demand-Driven Skills Training for Poverty Reduction in the Cuu Long (Mekong) River Delta
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 1.30 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Education - Education sector development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Government's poverty reduction strategy is integrated into the Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP) 2006-2010, which views job growth as pivotal, but also recognizes the need for targeted interventions to reach isolated communities with high rates of entrenched poverty. As a socially inclusive growth effort, the Government has launched the National Targeted Program on Poverty Reduction (NTPPR), 2006-2010, and designated the Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MOLISA) as a focal government agency responsible for implementation of the NTPPR.

The ADBs Country Partnership Strategy (Country Strategy and Program, 2007-2010) is in support of the NTPPR initiative, by emphasizing renewed efforts towards socially inclusive growth, and further improvements in the delivery of education and vocational training to be focused on individual provinces or communities being isolated from the growth process. In addition, the Vocational Training Law took effect since June 2007. This law develops a vocational training system that can ensure support for the poor, marginalised ethnic minorities, people with disabilities by ensuring these groups can access relevant skills training so that they can find a job or be self-employed. MOLISA is seeking funds to support a pilot model project on poverty reduction through skills/vocational training with preferential micro-credit schemes at the Cuu Long River Delta (the same as the Mekong River Delta) and plans to replicate such model under the NTPPR and its follow up program.

Impact The impact of the Project is to improve the living standard of the poor and ethnic minorities by equipping them with relevant skills for employment and self-employment. The Project aims to pilot an innovative approach on poverty reduction through demand-driven skills training, so that methodologies and implementation arrangements tested under the Project will be incorporated and replicated in the Government's National Targeted Program on Poverty Reduction (NTPPR), 2006-2010 and a follow up program. The specific objectives of the Project are to: (ii) build capability for vocational training providers to effectively mobilize resources, and manage skills training, career guidance, placement services, business start up assistance, and follow up consultations; (ii) provide the beneficiaries selected from the poor with a comprehensive package of skills training for employment; and (iii) provide project management and coordination support. The Project will be implemented in Tra Vinh and Soc Trang provinces in Cuu Long River Delta (the same as the Mekong River Delta), focusing on the poorest districts.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Demand-driven approaches in delivering the relevant skills training programs for the poor and ethnic minorities are pilot-tested in Tra Vinh and Soc Trang provinces in the Cuu Long (Mekong) River Delta and ready for replication in the National Targeted Program on Poverty Reduction (NTPPR).
Progress Toward Outcome The project has piloted several different approaches which has strengthened the capacity of training providers to work in a flexible and responsive way to meeting the needs of learners and in meeting the needs of employers. These approaches are being recorded to enable replication to other districts. Most importantly it has been used by the government to inform the modalities it can fund to support minority communities access improved services and employment opportunities.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Capacity of designing and delivering demand-driven skills training programs for the poor and ethnic minorities is developed;

2. Access to demand-driven skills training by the poor and ethnic minorities in targeted districts in Tra Vinh and Soc Trang provinces is increased

3. Efficiency and effectiveness of project management and coordination are improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Training needs survey and rapid local economic appraisal methodology developed and conducted.

100 core trainers (including at least 50 female trainers) developed to design and deliver demand-driven skills training courses. 100 personnel of DOLISA , training providers and other community stakeholders (including at least 50 females) participated in training courses for capacity building on business development and replacement assistance. 50 personnel of DOLISA, training providers and other community stakeholders (including at least 25 females) participated in training courses for capacity building on career guidance. Training courses for about 400 poor individuals have been completed in this quarter in Tra Vinh province. In total, 1,700 poor individuals have been trained in this province.

Training courses for 2,100 poor individuals have been completed in Soc trang province.

Procurement of vehicles for mobile training completed in 3rd quarter of 2011.

The Project has achieved significant progress. The Project completed, developed and conducted training needs survey and rapid local economic appraisal methodology. A total of 5,180 trainees have been provided with vocational skills training consisting of poor people, ethnic minorities and women. Of this total, 60% are from ethnic minorities and 58% are female. About 75%-90% have found jobs, resulted in reducing their poverty, gradually increased their income and improved their standard of living. The Guidelines and Manual for Organization and Implementation is now ready for printing and publication of around 1,000 copies. Provision of equipment has proved to be beneficial through increased enrollment and improved quality of teaching and learning.

Geographical Location Tra Vinh and Soc Trang provinces in the Mekong Delta River
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples A
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples The project encourages both genders to equally participate in the project activities. Training programs will encourage women beneficiaries to enter traditionally men's trades. The monitoring of project progress will disaggregated by gender and ethnic groups to ensure equal participation in the project activities. Specific targets have been set for ethnic minority and women. Early enrolments and participation rates show that more than 80% of the participants come from ethnic minorities and that more than 70% of participants are women. This has provided a rich learning environment for government planner and policy makers to review systems and pilot approaches that can then be used in other districts through other funded interventions of government.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

Provide a summary of the consultation and participation process during the project preparation.

According to the survey in September 2007, Tra Vinh and Soc Trang are the two poorest provinces in the region and most of the ethnic minorities live there. Consultations with two targeted provinces were conducted and survey questionnaires on vocational training capacity were completed with the results informing the project design. ADB's Appraisal Mission was fielded from 14 to 25 January 2008 to confirm early understanding of the project design. It conducted a consultative workshop with about 70 stakeholders and beneficiaries in the two provinces, and received feedback from the stakeholders on the project objectives, targets, proposed activities, timetables, and local responsibilities of communities. MOLISA's Social Protection Department and other departments responsible for the National Targeted Program on Poverty Reduction (NTPPR) were involved in the project design to ensure the institutionalization of the benefits derived from the Project.

During Project Implementation

The Project will strengthen cooperation and coordination among key national stakeholders including Ministry of labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MOLISA), General Department of Vocational Training (GDVT), Project Steering Committee (PSC), and National Project Implementing Unit (NPIU); and provincial and district stakeholders including people's committees, DOLISAs, Local Project Implementation Units (LPIUs), CETCs, Bureau of Internal Affairs, local enterprises, Social Protection Agency, key VTEP schools, training providers, special groups (such as religious groups, fisherfolk association, shop owners). During project inception and implementation, seminars/workshops were conducted with active participation of community and representatives of target and primary beneficiaries. They will be consulted in the preparation process of the guidelines for effective organization and implementation of demand-driven skills training for poverty reduction."

Community organisations are actively facilitated to generate interests within target group and to support learner and employer recruitment. These workshops are ongoing. Regular visits by provincial officials DOLISA has also strengthened links between agencies NGOs and government to address needs of the target to be able to participate in skills development and employment generation activities.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project will provide a total of 44 person-months of consulting services (6 person-months of two international consultants and 38 person-months of seven national consultants. International consultants will be recruited for project management and coordination (4 person-months) and Khmer silk weaving and marketing (2 person-months). National consultants will be recruited for consulting on training including teaching methodology and curriculum development (10 person-months); career guidance and job placement (8 person-months); management, monitoring, and evaluation (10 person-months); local economic development and business planning (6 person-months); and preparation and monitoring of implementation of a gender action plan (4 person-months). All nine consultants will be recruited on an individual basis. ADB, in consultation with MOLISA, will recruit the international consultants in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). The NPIU will recruit the national consultants in consultation with the LPIUs and in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The national consultants will be recruited based on no-objection from ADB. An external auditor firm will be recruited using consultants qualification selection in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All procurement under the JFPR grant will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). Goods (vehicles, and training equipment and supplies) and services estimated at $100,000 or less will be procured using shopping procedures. Minor items costing less than $10,000 equivalent may be procured by direct contracting. None of the procurement packages will exceed the threshold of $100,000, and none of the training program (to be organized per training batch) will exceed $10,000. Upon completion of the Project, goods procured will be turned over to the DOLISAs in Tra Vinh and Soc Trang provinces and training providers under the Project through the LPIUs according to a standard guideline.
Responsible ADB Officer Eiko Izawa
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social AffairsDr. Nguyen Tien Dzunggdvt@fpt.vn37B Nguyen Binh Khiem Street, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
Timetable
Concept Clearance 02 Apr 2007
Fact Finding 16 Mar 2007 to 21 Mar 2007
MRM -
Approval 18 Jul 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 03 May 2007
Last PDS Update 25 Mar 2013

Grant 9123-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 Jul 2008 21 Oct 2008 21 Oct 2008 20 Oct 2011 20 Oct 2012 16 Apr 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 1.65 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 18 Jul 2008 0.00 1.04 80%
Counterpart 0.35 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 1.30 18 Jul 2008 0.00 1.04 80%

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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