Regional: Improved Management of Water Resources in Central Asia

Sovereign Project | 41316-012

Summary

The proposed RETA will support regional cooperation in water resources, which is critical to the economic development of the Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, and neighboring Afghanistan.

The RETA will have two sets of activities. The first set (components 1 and 2) will support improvements in regional cooperation for Amu Darya and Syr Darya. The second set (component 3) will focus on the Chu and Talas basins. For the Amu Darya and Syr Darya interventions, a steering committee will be established to develop and endorse the work

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Project Name Improved Management of Water Resources in Central Asia
Project Number 41316-012
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The proposed RETA will support regional cooperation in water resources, which is critical to the economic development of the Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, and neighboring Afghanistan.

The RETA will have two sets of activities. The first set (components 1 and 2) will support improvements in regional cooperation for Amu Darya and Syr Darya. The second set (component 3) will focus on the Chu and Talas basins. For the Amu Darya and Syr Darya interventions, a steering committee will be established to develop and endorse the work

program of the RETA, decide policy, and provide guidance for the RETA. National working groups (NWGs) will execute the work program with support from a technical secretariat under the direction of the steering committee. The RETA will support continued dialogue among the riparian states to finalize for government consideration the draft agreement on the use of water and energy resources in the Syr Darya basin initiated under the 2003 RETA project.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Regional cooperation among the Central Asian republics (CARs) is necessary to manage natural resources and to optimize sustainable economic growth, two issues that are strongly related in the case of water resources. The Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers dominate water resources in the CARs and are the sources of the Aral Sea. Together they drain nearly two-thirds of Central Asia. Afghanistan contributes more than one-fifth of the water in the Amu Darya. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is providing technical assistance to improve the regional management of water resources in Central Asia in response to requests from the governments of the CARs and Afghanistan.
Impact Sustainable economic development in the CARs and Afghanistan through better regional cooperation in transboundary water resources management.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome (i) an improved knowledge base and capacity for water resources management on the Amu Darya, (ii) a stronger institutional framework for water resources management of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, and (iii) more reliable water supply in the Chu and Talas basins.
Progress Toward Outcome The RETA is continuing its support to the Chu-Talas Joint River Commission (CTJRC), an example of successful cooperation in trans-boundary water resources management, between the Republic of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyz Republic. The achievements to date, include: (i) amendments to the 2000 Agreement on interstate water facilities; (ii) calibration of a water assessment and allocation(WAA) module of the Talas River; and (iii) draft IWRM plans, for the Chu and Talas basins agreed.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Hydromet network and mechanisms for collection, analysis, and exchange of hydrometeorological data in the Amu Darya basin improved.

Methodology developed and assessment of the benefits and trade-offs from different regional cooperation scenarios in the Amu Darya basin.

CTJRC fully operational and self-financed

Additional studies scoped to support regional cooperation for water resources.

Improvement and institutionalization of mechanisms to enhance regional cooperation and policy dialogue on water management in the Syr Darya and Amu Darya basins.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

A computerized WAA module (software) has been tested and adjusted for Kyrgyz part of Talas river basin. The same enhancement needs to be done for the Kazakhstan part of Talas river basin.

Draft IWRM plans for the Chu and Talas basins have been agreed with stakeholders.

Financing of the CTJRC secretariat from the government budgets of the two countries was amended in the 2000 Agreement.

A Water Management Institutional Specialist and two national institutional specialists have been engaged to work with relevant government agencies to identify possible cooperation for the establishment of the Pyanj River Basin Organization.

Geographical Location Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Afghanistan's Ministry of Energy and Water, Kazakhstan's Ministry of Agriculture, Kyrgyz's Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources, and Processing Industry, Tajikistan's Ministry of Water Resources and Land Reclamation, Turkmenistan's Ministry of Water Resources and Uzbekistan's Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources have been consulted, as well as representatives from the Ministries of Finance in the respective countries. In addition, the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination, the Internatioanl Fund for the Saving the Aral Sea, the United Nations Development Progarmme, and the World Bank have been consulted.
During Project Implementation Afghanistan's Ministry of Energy and Water, Kazakhstan's Ministry of Agriculture, Kyrgyz's Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources, and Processing Industry, Tajikistan's Ministry of Water Resources and Land Reclamation, Turkmenistan's Ministry of Water Resources and Uzbekistan's Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources will continue to be consulted on arrangements for NWGs.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services 17 person-months of international consulting services and 144 person-months of national consulting services will be required in (i) water resources management and engineering, (ii) hydrology and hydrometeorology, (iii) irrigation, (iv) economics, (v) law, and (vi) institutional analysis, among others. ADB will recruit consultants on an individual basis in accordance with ADB Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Procurement Equipment will be purchased through shopping (i.e., basic office equipment such as computers, printers, fax and scanner, and a photocopy machine. It will also include equipment for upgrades to the hydromet network for the Amu Darya for data exchange and communications). Any procurement under the regional technical assistance will be in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Manami Suga
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development BankPlamen Bozakovpbozakov@adb.org1, Khodjaev Street, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 21 Jan 2008
Fact Finding 11 Mar 2007 to 25 Mar 2007
MRM -
Approval 12 Sep 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 31 Jan 2009
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2014

TA 6486-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Sep 2008 - 12 Sep 2008 31 Mar 2010 31 Dec 2013 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 0.00 180,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 180,000.00 12 Sep 2008 866,237.32

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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