|Progress Toward Outcome
The TA was well formulated and relevant as it supports the GMS Strategic Framework 2002 2012. The TA supported key activities including implementation of the HRD SFAP 2009 2012 by restructuring the WGHRD and its subgroups, building capacity of the WGHRD members and relevant agencies, including involvement and ownership by the HRD focals from each country, and implementing some of the priority initiatives of the SFAP 2009 2012 to improve regional HRD cooperation.
The TA outcome was achieved through the satisfactory completion of various activities under each of the 4 outputs.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Output 1: The TA has successfully conducted 4 WGHRD meetings with relatively small budget (even only 2 WGHRD meetings are originally planned): in 2009 (9th WGHRD Meeting in Guilin, PRC), 2011 (10th WGHRD Meeting in Vientiane, Lao PDR), 2012 (11th WGHRD Meeting in Yangon, Myanmar) and 2013 (12th WGHRD Meeting in Bangkok, Thailand). The subgroup meetings on health (2009), social development (2010), and a workshop to renew the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for Joint Action to Reduce HIV Vulnerability Associated with Population Movement (2011) were also productive. While the subgroups on education and labor migration were not able to meet, intensive discussions were conducted in subsector break-out sessions in the WGHRD Meetings. Working group and subgroup members, including development partners expressed satisfaction not only during these WGHRD Meetings but also during the various consultation meetings and constant communication during the course of TA implementation. The TA also supported the preparation of the GMS HRD SFAP 2013 2017, which was endorsed at the 18th GMS Ministerial Conference (MC) in the People's Republic of China, and the Regional Investment Framework (RIF) HRD sector pipeline which was endorsed the 19th GMS MC in Lao PDR.
Output 2: This was successfully undertaken using a participatory process involving key stakeholders. Initial work has been completed benchmarking the existing qualifications frameworks in the participating countries (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, and Viet Nam) to the regional framework. Qualifications in 3 technical skill areas (welding, automotive technology and domestic and hotel housekeeping) were mapped against Regional Model Competency Standards of the International Labour Organisation (ILO). A small cadre of public officials/trainers from each country were then trained in competency-based training and assessment. In March 2011, Declaration of Confidence towards the establishment of an Agreed Framework for Mutual Recognition of Technical Skills and Qualifications in the GMS was formally endorsed by the three countries: Lao PDR, Thailand, and Viet Nam, except for Cambodia, with the responsibilities divided between ministries, the institutional implementation arrangement was insufficient for obtaining the appropriate interministerial endorsements. A final report was submitted to ADB in April 2011 which detailed the mutual recognition framework for 3 technical skills areas.
Output 3: The TA was partly successful in implementing the activities. One major accomplishment is the increased awareness about safe migration issues among migrants by conducting the training program in collaboration with IOM. The training program focused on building capacity of government staff to design and conduct information and education campaigns and provided cascade training for community trainers that live in villages at risk for unsafe migration. Participating countries (Lao PDR and Cambodia) were satisfied with the quality of the training program. However, strengthening the labor market information system was not implemented since ADB is supporting the development of labor market information (LMI) systems through grants in Lao PDR and Cambodia, and an ILO project is strengthening LMI in Viet Nam, while Thailand does not need assistance. In view of non-implementation of the activity, the TA scope has been changed in November 2011 to include: (i) GMS Higher Education Harmonization and Networking; and (ii) a study on public-private partnerships in tourism education for the GMS, which have been successfully implemented from 2012 to 2013.
Output 4: This output was successfully completed. Social impact assessments on the connectivity and regional integration in the GMS were successful with the completion of the following activities: (i) in-depth profiling of the vulnerabilities and risks of migrants; (ii) migrants' access to HIV and AIDS services, by addressing issues particularly related to gender-specific risks that female migrant workers experience; and (iii) HIV service financing for migrants. In addition, the HRD assessment in Myanmar was conducted, which included sharing of GMS experience relevant to Myanmar in TVET and higher education and resulted in the preparation of Rapid Assessment (Phase 1) of the Comprehensive Education Sector Review.