Viet Nam: Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Development Project in the Northern Mountain Provinces

Sovereign Project | 41461-012

Summary

Following the successful implementation of the Rural Infrastructure Sector Project (RISP), the Government of Viet Nam (the Government) had received this technical assistance (TA) to prepare an investment project for sustainable rural infrastructure development in the 15 provinces of the northern mountain region. The planned investment project will aim to reduce poverty among severely disadvantaged ethnic minority communities in the target area through providing basic rural infrastructure, for improved access to markets, services, social amenities, and health and education. It is also expected to contribute to increased productivity of agriculture, increased incomes, diversification of employment opportunities through increased private investments in isolated areas, as well as improved school attendance of children, and reduced workloads of women and girls.

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Project Name Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Development Project in the Northern Mountain Provinces
Project Number 41461-012
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7215-VIE: Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Development Project in the Northern Mountain Provinces
Japan Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
TA 7215-VIE: Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Development Project in the Northern Mountain Provinces (2nd Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 300,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description Following the successful implementation of the Rural Infrastructure Sector Project (RISP), the Government of Viet Nam (the Government) had received this technical assistance (TA) to prepare an investment project for sustainable rural infrastructure development in the 15 provinces of the northern mountain region. The planned investment project will aim to reduce poverty among severely disadvantaged ethnic minority communities in the target area through providing basic rural infrastructure, for improved access to markets, services, social amenities, and health and education. It is also expected to contribute to increased productivity of agriculture, increased incomes, diversification of employment opportunities through increased private investments in isolated areas, as well as improved school attendance of children, and reduced workloads of women and girls.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Government is keen to address the problems posed by the persistence of poverty and hunger among ethnic minority populations in the northern mountain region. In its Five-Year Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP) 2006-2010, the Government enunciated its goals of rapid socioeconomic development for the northern mountain region, with respect to hunger eradication and poverty reduction, and reduced economic disparities across regions and among ethnic groups. For the northern mountain region in particular, the SEDP targets a gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of $460-$530 by 2010, as compared to $250-$300 in 2008. The SEDP identifies a clear role for rural transport, water supply and other rural infrastructure in support of various sector objectives, by using the government budgets to focus on critical areas (e.g., irrigation, transport, and clean water supply) as means to agriculture and rural development and fundamental to transformation of production structures.

The ADB assisted RISP, which supported rural infrastructure improvements in 23 provinces in the country (including several mountain provinces), demonstrates that improved

access to rural infrastructure is an effective means of improving livelihoods and living conditions, and reducing rural poverty. The lessons from the RISP, to those of the World Bank assisted project, highlight the importance of the following: (i) an integrated investment approach to address the development needs of poor communities more effectively; (ii) active beneficiary participation in all aspects of subproject design and implementation; (iii) appropriate technical, institutional, and financial arrangements for each type of infrastructure; (iv) coordination among concerned provincial institutions; (v) compliance with safeguard policies; (vi) an adequate O&M budget; and (vii) the importance of ensuring the availability of productive resources and support services to enable target groups to increase their productivity and utilize rural infrastructure to its full potential. Further, the evaluation of earlier national targeted programs demonstrates the importance of community participation in planning, supervision, and monitoring of rural infrastructure; improving transparency and governance; poverty targeting; and better process monitoring and impact evaluation.

As envisaged in the country strategy and program, SEDP, and associated provincial master plans, there is a need to increase agricultural production and enhance the marketability of local produce to reduce poverty in the region. Investments for upgrading rural infrastructure are critical to facilitating equitable socioeconomic development and enhancing the well-being of poor ethnic minorities. In view of these priorities in the northern mountain provinces, the Government has requested ADB to provide technical assistance (TA) to develop an investment project for sustainable rural infrastructure development. The PPTA is included in the Country Program and Strategy ADB's country strategy and program for Viet Nam (2007-2010)which recognizes the increasing complexity of poverty in the northern mountain provinces, as well as the need for promoting national investments to support sub-regional development.

Impact Poverty reduction of ethnic minority populations in target provinces to be achieved through better access to markets, improved access to social services, increased connectivity to sub regional trade centers and improved social and environmental management.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved livelihoods and human development through access to priority rural infrastructure
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

A detailed sector type investment project including the following:

a)Sector assessment and lessons learned

b)selection criteria for sub projects

c)detailed feasibility studies for sample sub projects

d)involuntary resettlement framework and plans

e)ethnic minority development framework and plans

f) gender action plan, poverty analysis

g)socio economic impact assessment

h)economic and financial analysis

i) project management and implementation arrangements

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location 15 provinces of the northern mountain region.
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design tbd
During Project Implementation tbd
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will require a total of 79 person-months (pm) of consulting services including 35 pm of international and 44 pm of national consultants. A Rural Infrastructure Development Economist will lead the consultant team. Expertise required are rural infrastructure engineer, resettlement specialists, ethnic minority development and GAD specialists, CDD specialists will be recruited individually and the rest of the consultant team will be engaged through a firm in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for engaging consultants.
Responsible ADB Officer Charles David Salter
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development7th Floor- Building 2 ? 16 Thuy Khue
Tay Ho- Hanoi
Timetable
Concept Clearance 13 Jun 2008
Fact Finding 16 Jun 2008 to 24 Jun 2008
MRM -
Approval 12 Dec 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 24 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 10 Nov 2011

TA 7215-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2008 24 Mar 2009 24 Mar 2009 30 Sep 2009 30 Jun 2012 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,300,000.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 12 Dec 2008 1,273,017.41

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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