Viet Nam: Promoting Climate Resilient Rural Infrastructure in the Northern Mountain Provinces

Sovereign Project | 41461-042

Summary

Strategy 2020 identifies infrastructure and climate change as two of ADB's five core operational foci. The rehabilitation of rural infrastructure has been a component of ADB's lending program to Vietnam through the past three country strategies and, in view of the status given RI in Strategy 2020 will remain a component of the forthcoming CPS. The ADB has completed one project in the sector, is currently implementing another, is preparing a third and has a fourth such project programmed for preparation in 2010/2011. The potential damage from climate change to the RI built under these projects and to infrastructure provided by other projects is potentially a serious threat to the country's rural development program. The proposed TA will demonstrate appropriate and effective methods to reduce the possible damage due to climate change and other weather factors.

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Project Name Promoting Climate Resilient Rural Infrastructure in the Northern Mountain Provinces
Project Number 41461-042
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Strategic Agendas
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description Strategy 2020 identifies infrastructure and climate change as two of ADB's five core operational foci. The rehabilitation of rural infrastructure has been a component of ADB's lending program to Vietnam through the past three country strategies and, in view of the status given RI in Strategy 2020 will remain a component of the forthcoming CPS. The ADB has completed one project in the sector, is currently implementing another, is preparing a third and has a fourth such project programmed for preparation in 2010/2011. The potential damage from climate change to the RI built under these projects and to infrastructure provided by other projects is potentially a serious threat to the country's rural development program. The proposed TA will demonstrate appropriate and effective methods to reduce the possible damage due to climate change and other weather factors. The TA will be implemented within the proposed Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Development Project in the Northern Mountains (SRIDP) and subprojects under the SRIDP will be used as demonstration sites. The outcomes of the demonstrations will be used for setting out appropriate RI design and construction standards, building implementation capacity, and taken into the design of future RI investments.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Since the mid-1990s the Government of Vietnam has been engaged in a program of rural infrastructure (RI) development with funding from ADB, the World Bank, the Government's own resources and other development partners. The positive results of this program to date have contributed to an improvement in the standard or living of a large portion of the rural population and a decline in poverty from 53 % in 1993 to 22% in 2005. However, the results of this program are now in under threat due to the potential impact of climate change. Even in a static climate situation RI is prone to climate induced damage. This will be exacerbated as climatic events become increasingly extreme. It is thus important to protect the limited land resource base in the mountain areas and the infrastructure which serves it and the local population. The main expected impact of climate change in Northern Vietnam, is for rainfall to increase an increase in annual volume, and to become more irregular, with higher intensities. This will result in increased damage to RI due to flooding, structural damage due to increased fluctuations of groundwater levels and, especially in mountainous areas, erosion and reduced slope stability. The ensuing damage will result in high maintenance and rehabilitation costs as well as a loss of benefits, as long as structures remain un-repaired and non-functional. Steps need to be taken now to protect against the likely effects of climate change in the future. Since the extent and future impact of climate changes are difficult to predict, it is impossible to design for changes in rainfall amount, intensity or frequency with any degree of specificity. There are however, some low cost, no regrets approaches for increasing the resilience of RI to climate change, which supplement and strengthen current engineering designs at low incremental costs and which provide multiple benefits such as erosion control and soil and water conservation, enhanced slope stability and the enhanced sustainability of water-crossing structures. By focusing on the demonstration of potential of simple, low cost measures to provide incremental climate resilience, the overall GEF/SCCF funded activities will facilitate (i) the mainstreaming of climate risk reduction into policy formulation and infrastructure development planning; (ii) capacity development to increase understanding about current and emerging climate risks and promote climate resilience at central and local planning levels; and (iii) a meaningful demonstration of low cost, easily implementable measures to reduce the vulnerability of RI to extreme climate events. In addition, the TA will provide the opportunity to undertake specific, on the ground vulnerability assessments at the district and village level within the influence area of the RI subprojects to be used as demonstration sites, and thus to broaden the overall knowledge base about the likely impact of climate change and potential protection measures in specific locations within the Northern Mountains.
Impact Improved sustainability of rural infrastructure.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Effective climate-resilience measures mainstreamed into the MARD RI program.
Progress Toward Outcome TA Implementation Ongoing.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Low cost climate proofing measures suitable for RI in northern Viet Nam identified.

2. Appropriate climate change resilient techniques demonstrated.

3. A trained cadre of technical personnel familiar with the protection measures established.

4. Recommendations for the integration of the demonstrated approaches into training curricula, standard

design procedures and contract specifications prepared.

5. Climate change risks and vulnerabilities, and the potential for applying the measures used in the demonstrations for strengthening the resilience of nearby communities are identified.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Formal MARD approval of the design of the first riverbank demonstration site was not received until 31 December 2014, the design study for the second riverbank site was completed but is not yet approved, and detailed design of the roadside sites has been delayed since the respective roadside sites have not been constructed by the SRIDP road contractors. The design and approval process takes much longer than anticipated. However, implementation of the two riverbank sites should be feasible in the first half of 2015.

The next major training event - a bioengineering workshop - is tied to physical construction of one of the riverbank demonstration sites and is planned for May 2015.

The delays experienced in the implementation of the two roadside sites have affected the timing of the project''s planned year 3 deliverables, including training events, the construction report, the effectiveness audit, as well as further training recommendations proposed by the TA implementation team. ADB will carry out further consultations with the TA team to determine whether an adjustment of the project's overall timeframe (2013-2015) will be needed.

Geographical Location Four SRIDP subprojects in two provinces.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation An important source of information has been consultation at local level, in particular during two fieldtrips by the TA social specialists in May and June 2013. This fieldwork resulted in identification of a variety of bioengineering techniques already used by local residents to prevent and manage erosion.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The CDTA would be implemented over a three year period, with consulting services consisting of 80 person-months of consultant inputs (25 international person-months and 55 national person-months). International expertise required would include civil, bio-, and geotechnical engineering, technical training, climate change adaptation and social development. National expertise required would include agricultural engineering, agronomy/forestry, technical training, civil engineering, meteorology/ hydrology, gender and indigenous people. 23. The bulk of the CDTA (23 international person-months and 55 national person-months) would be carried out by a consulting firm. Two international consulting person-months would not be included in the firm consultancy allocation.
Responsible ADB Officer S. Ranawana
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development7th Floor- Building 2 ? 16 Thuy Khue
Tay Ho- Hanoi
Timetable
Concept Clearance 28 Apr 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 29 Jun 2012
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 30 Sep 2010
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

TA 8102-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Jun 2012 09 Oct 2012 09 Oct 2012 31 Aug 2015 02 Jan 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 29 Jun 2012 974,938.45

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