Viet Nam: Promoting Climate Resilient Rural Infrastructure in the Northern Mountain Provinces

Sovereign Project | 41461-042 Status: Approved

Summary

Strategy 2020 identifies infrastructure and climate change as two of ADB's five core operational foci. The rehabilitation of rural infrastructure has been a component of ADB's lending program to Vietnam through the past three country strategies and, in view of the status given RI in Strategy 2020 will remain a component of the forthcoming CPS. The ADB has completed one project in the sector, is currently implementing another, is preparing a third and has a fourth such project programmed for preparation in 2010/2011. The potential damage from climate change to the RI built under these projects and to infrastructure provided by other projects is potentially a serious threat to the country's rural development program. The proposed TA will demonstrate appropriate and effective methods to reduce the possible damage due to climate change and other weather factors.

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Project Name Promoting Climate Resilient Rural Infrastructure in the Northern Mountain Provinces
Project Number 41461-042
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8102-VIE: Promoting Climate Resilient Rural Infrastructure in Northern Mountain Provinces
GEF/Special Climate Change Fund US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description Strategy 2020 identifies infrastructure and climate change as two of ADB's five core operational foci. The rehabilitation of rural infrastructure has been a component of ADB's lending program to Vietnam through the past three country strategies and, in view of the status given RI in Strategy 2020 will remain a component of the forthcoming CPS. The ADB has completed one project in the sector, is currently implementing another, is preparing a third and has a fourth such project programmed for preparation in 2010/2011. The potential damage from climate change to the RI built under these projects and to infrastructure provided by other projects is potentially a serious threat to the country's rural development program. The proposed TA will demonstrate appropriate and effective methods to reduce the possible damage due to climate change and other weather factors. The TA will be implemented within the proposed Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Development Project in the Northern Mountains (SRIDP) and subprojects under the SRIDP will be used as demonstration sites. The outcomes of the demonstrations will be used for setting out appropriate RI design and construction standards, building implementation capacity, and taken into the design of future RI investments.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Since the mid-1990s the Government of Vietnam has been engaged in a program of rural infrastructure (RI) development with funding from ADB, the World Bank, the Government's own resources and other development partners. The positive results of this program to date have contributed to an improvement in the standard or living of a large portion of the rural population and a decline in poverty from 53 % in 1993 to 22% in 2005. However, the results of this program are now in under threat due to the potential impact of climate change. Even in a static climate situation RI is prone to climate induced damage. This will be exacerbated as climatic events become increasingly extreme. It is thus important to protect the limited land resource base in the mountain areas and the infrastructure which serves it and the local population. The main expected impact of climate change in Northern Vietnam, is for rainfall to increase an increase in annual volume, and to become more irregular, with higher intensities. This will result in increased damage to RI due to flooding, structural damage due to increased fluctuations of groundwater levels and, especially in mountainous areas, erosion and reduced slope stability. The ensuing damage will result in high maintenance and rehabilitation costs as well as a loss of benefits, as long as structures remain un-repaired and non-functional. Steps need to be taken now to protect against the likely effects of climate change in the future. Since the extent and future impact of climate changes are difficult to predict, it is impossible to design for changes in rainfall amount, intensity or frequency with any degree of specificity. There are however, some low cost, no regrets approaches for increasing the resilience of RI to climate change, which supplement and strengthen current engineering designs at low incremental costs and which provide multiple benefits such as erosion control and soil and water conservation, enhanced slope stability and the enhanced sustainability of water-crossing structures. By focusing on the demonstration of potential of simple, low cost measures to provide incremental climate resilience, the overall GEF/SCCF funded activities will facilitate (i) the mainstreaming of climate risk reduction into policy formulation and infrastructure development planning; (ii) capacity development to increase understanding about current and emerging climate risks and promote climate resilience at central and local planning levels; and (iii) a meaningful demonstration of low cost, easily implementable measures to reduce the vulnerability of RI to extreme climate events. In addition, the TA will provide the opportunity to undertake specific, on the ground vulnerability assessments at the district and village level within the influence area of the RI subprojects to be used as demonstration sites, and thus to broaden the overall knowledge base about the likely impact of climate change and potential protection measures in specific locations within the Northern Mountains.
Impact Improved sustainability of rural infrastructure.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Effective climate-resilience measures mainstreamed into the MARD RI program.
Progress Toward Outcome TA Implementation Ongoing.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Low cost climate proofing measures suitable for RI in northern Viet Nam identified.

2. Appropriate climate change resilient techniques demonstrated.

3. A trained cadre of technical personnel familiar with the protection measures established.

4. Recommendations for the integration of the demonstrated approaches into training curricula, standard

design procedures and contract specifications prepared.

5. Climate change risks and vulnerabilities, and the potential for applying the measures used in the demonstrations for strengthening the resilience of nearby communities are identified.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The TA is implemented through a consultancy contract (with the International Centre for Environmental Management, ICEM).

The project is designed around physical implementation of rural infrastructure resilience demonstration measures at four sites (i.e., two riverbank and two road sites) as the basis for capacity development activities. These demonstration measures (physical construction of the bioengineering demonstration measures, and associated training events) were intended to be implemented in 2014 and completed by Q3 of 2015. These include one demonstration measure at a roadside being developed by the ADB loan project (L2682/3-VIE: Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Development Project [SRIDP] in the Northern Mountains) during Q4 2014.

Formal MARD approval on the design of the two riverbank demonstration sites was received in December 2014 and March 2015, respectively. Since then, the TA consultant has completed the two riverbank demonstrations and its associated bioengineering training. However, the two roadside site demonstrations have yet to be fully designed, approved, procured, and installed. This delay is caused by the ongoing construction of both target road sites under the ADB-funded SRIDP.

The completion of the roadside demonstration measures is projected to be achieved by February/March 2016. After completion of the demonstrations, further activities that are required to deliver the project's outputs include reporting on construction, delivering training on roadside bioengineering, performance monitoring, evaluating and reporting on project effectiveness and lessons learned, reporting on training, and preparing the project's key written deliverables; such as recommendations for training curricula, design procedures and contract specifications. To complete these activities, ADB approved the extension of the TA completion date to 2 December 2016.

Geographical Location Four SRIDP subprojects in two provinces.

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation An important source of information has been consultation at local level, in particular during two fieldtrips by the TA social specialists in May and June 2013. This fieldwork resulted in identification of a variety of bioengineering techniques already used by local residents to prevent and manage erosion.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The CDTA would be implemented over a three year period, with consulting services consisting of 80 person-months of consultant inputs (25 international person-months and 55 national person-months). International expertise required would include civil, bio-, and geotechnical engineering, technical training, climate change adaptation and social development. National expertise required would include agricultural engineering, agronomy/forestry, technical training, civil engineering, meteorology/ hydrology, gender and indigenous people. 23. The bulk of the CDTA (23 international person-months and 55 national person-months) would be carried out by a consulting firm. Two international consulting person-months would not be included in the firm consultancy allocation.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Charles Salter
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Room 305 Building A15
10 Nugen Cong Hoan Street
Ba Dinh District, Hanoi, Vietnam

Timetable

Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 29 Jun 2012
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 30 Sep 2010
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

TA 8102-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Jun 2012 09 Oct 2012 09 Oct 2012 31 Aug 2015 02 Dec 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 29 Jun 2012 1,224,725.54

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

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