Regional: Supporting Strategic Knowledge Products and Research Networking

Sovereign Project | 41571-012

Summary

The TA aims to increase effectiveness, sustainability, and quality of policy development and coordination in PRC and MON. The TA will serve as a modality and mechanism for ADB to respond expeditiously and efficiently to requests from PRC and MON on developing timely strategic knowledge products with focus policy development support. The policy development work under the TA may serve as inputs in overall policymaking and coordination, project development, sector development, and regional cooperation in sectors consistent with the country partnership strategies for PRC and MON. The TA will allow flexibility in the selection of areas or topics for policy development work during TA implementation.

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Project Name Supporting Strategic Knowledge Products and Research Networking
Project Number 41571-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6428-REG: Supporting Strategic Knowledge Products and Research Networking
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
TA 6428-REG: Supporting Strategic Knowledge Products and Research Networking (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 750,000.00
TA 6428-REG: Supporting Strategic Knowledge Products and Research Networking (supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
TA 6428-REG: Supporting Strategic Knowledge Products and Research Networking (2nd Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 750,000.00
TA 6428-REG: Supporting Strategic Knowledge Products and Research Networking (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.50 million
TA 6428-REG: Supporting Strategic Knowledge Products and Research Networking (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Education - Education sector development
Energy - Energy sector development and institutional reform
Health - Health sector development and reform
Industry and trade - Industry and trade sector development
Information and communication technology - ICT strategy and policy, and capacity development
Public sector management - Economic affairs management
Transport - Rail transport (non-urban) - Road transport (non-urban) - Transport policies and institutional development
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The TA aims to increase effectiveness, sustainability, and quality of policy development and coordination in PRC and MON. The TA will serve as a modality and mechanism for ADB to respond expeditiously and efficiently to requests from PRC and MON on developing timely strategic knowledge products with focus policy development support. The policy development work under the TA may serve as inputs in overall policymaking and coordination, project development, sector development, and regional cooperation in sectors consistent with the country partnership strategies for PRC and MON. The TA will allow flexibility in the selection of areas or topics for policy development work during TA implementation.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Country Partnership Strategy (2008-2010) of PRC identified knowledge and innovation as a cross-cutting theme, with knowledge as an integral part of ADB operations as well as innovations in projects and business procedures. During the April 2007 Country Programming Mid-term Review Mission, the PRC Government welcomed the strengthened emphasis on knowledge products and services as an important pillar of ADB assistance. The Country Strategy and Program Update for MON (2007-2009) supports strategic and focused approach to knowledge through its nonlending program, with emphasis on institutional organization, efficiency of public service delivery, better coordination and monitoring, and strengthened MfDR agenda.
Impact Effective policy development, coordination, and government decision making in Mongolia and the PRC, based on developing and applying quality research
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased strategic policy dialogue, research, and access to development knowledge, and more collaboration among the government agencies and think tanks
Progress Toward Outcome

Work under the TA is progressing well and contributing to project outcome.

Regular consultations with the Governments of MON and PRC on programming of strategic KPS, consideration of unplanned KPS, progress update on KPS implementation, and RETA implementation procedures continued to be held in 2013 and 2014.

Priority themes for PRC are macroeconomic management, energy efficiency and environmental protection, poverty reduction, and increased focus on inter-provincial cooperation. In MON, the focus is on economic growth (especially increasing productivity) and poverty reduction (including food security).

As of 16 March 2015, 67 strategic KPS proposals ($4,538,563) were approved for funding under the RETA. 48 additional logistics-related proposals (such as translation, editing, and printing work) ($257,173) were also approved.

Work on 40 approved strategic KPS is completed; work ongoing for 23 KPS; and 4 KPS cancelled. The 48 logistics-related KPS proposals contributed to increased dissemination.

Examples of completed KPS for PRC consist of final reports on the policies and directions for PRC's 12th Five Year Plan; final reports on boosting industrial transfer; international and resource persons' papers for the International Seminar on the PRC's 12th Five Year Plan and the Workshop on Industrial Transfer Promotion Policies; reports on technological issues of land in the reconstruction of quake-stricken areas; framework and policies of overall consideration of poverty reduction in PRC in the new era; policy note on the implementation of basic healthcare system; renewable energy with zero emissions in poor rural households, development of PRC's city commercial banks; policy study on constructing agricultural infrastructure and establishment of modern agricultural industries; boosting industrial transfer; secondary market of loans; will China slow down?; national community health services performance appraisal scheme; anti-competitive behavior in the financial sector; institutional promotion and capacity building of modern agricultural development; video documentation on Qinhuai River Environmental Improvement and Wuzhou urban geohazard management; transport and logistics website; climate change finance; market platform to mobilize financing for energy service companies; and conduct of 9 dissemination workshops.

Examples of completed KPS for MON include protecting small shareholders rights; studies produced by the policy research team at the National Development and Innovation Committee, Ministry of Economic Development, and the Ministry of Finance, i.e., inflation, economic structure, agricultural-based exports, mining, family-based development, and labor productivity; strategies to enhance university-industry collaboration; assessment of functions and directions of ministries/agencies; capacity building and developoment in science park establishment; opportunities to develop 4 clusters-meat, wool-cashmere, tourism, seabuckhorn; analyzing triangle relationships between growth, poverty and inequality; effect of food prices on consumer price index; website redevelopment of the Economic Policy and Competitiveness Research Center; and the conduct of 4 dissemination workshops and 4 training seminars.

The International Seminar on PRC's 12th FYP was successfully conducted in January 2010 in Beijing, with RETA support, where prominent international scholars from Harvard University, Stanford University, and Oxford University engaged discussions with local scholars, government, and development partners. The RETA supported the participation of PRC participants at the Industrial Transfer Promotion Policies for the 12th FYP Workshop in September 2010, High-level Knowledge Sharing Workshop on Road Infrastructure in November 2010, Food Security Forum in early July 2010, the senior-level workshop on urbanization strategy in April 2010, the workshop on East-West Partnerships for Productivity Consultation in March 2010, the Tax Conference in PRC in 2008, and the ADB Sustainable Inland Waterway Transport workshop in 2012.

The RETA also supported Mongolian participants at the economic forum in 2013; conference on identifying SMEs' classification and definition in 2012; second mineral policy forum in May 2011, international conference on economic development and business environment in Oct 2010, and the foresight and forecasting workshop in June 2010, both held in Ulaanbaatar. Early in 2009, officials from the Mongolia Ministry of Finance attended training on macro modelling techniques in Singapore while staff from the National Development and Innovation Committee participated at the debt management training in Geneva in November 2011 and the risk management training by Barclays Capital in Singapore in 2012.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Strategic policy studies and publications on key emerging development issues

Plans for building in-house research capacity, knowledge hubs, and training in applied research, particularly in Mongolia

Knowledge sharing on findings of policy studies on key emerging development issues

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Overall, TA implementation has proceeded well and satisfactorily with proactive identification of KPS by PRC and MON as well as broad participation of ADB knowledge departments in the Working Group evaluation of KPS proposals.

As of 16 March 2015, eleven RETA Working Group meetings were conducted and 47 Working Group actions were taken via email to review KPS proposals, address implementation issues, and update status of EARD KPS program.

The 67 approved strategic KPS are at various stages of implementation. Work on 40 KPS is completed; work on 23 KPS ongoing; and 4 KPS were cancelled.

Five increases in TA amount from $1 million to $5.5 million were approved, i.e., on 21 April 2009 ($500,000), 17 December 2009 ($750,000), 12 November 2010 ($1.5 million), 19 December 2011 ($1.0 million), and 21 November 2012($750,000) to accommodate more KPS requests than originally expected and to address the unserved KPS requirements of PRC and MON. The TA completion date was extended to 31 January 2016.

The change in MON implementing agency (IA), from the Ministry of Finance to the National Development and Innovation Committee (NDIC) under the Prime Minister's Office, was approved on 7 July 2009. With the government reorganization in 2012, the NDIC was abolished and IA was changed to the Ministry of Economic Development (MED). On 19 February 2015, the change in IA to the Ministry of Finance was approved, following government reorganization.

A TA review mission was recently completed in PRC (22-25 September 2014) and in MON (19-21 August 2014). The PRC review mission discussed possible planned KPS proposals and participated in the Guizhou evaluation study and training workshop. The MON review mission discussed possible major strategic study related to long-term strategic planning and regional development.

A TA review mission was conducted in MON from 16-19 Dec 2013 and discussed with MED the progress of knowledge products under the TA; identification of a possible major strategic study to be funded by the bulk of the remaining RETA funds; government's plans for capacity building for line ministries and a possible ADB role; and follow up with the SC which of the smaller proposals will be handled directly by the Policy Research Team.

A TA review mission was conducted in PRC and MON from 17-22 June 2013 to discuss the status of 2013 KPS program and any new priorities for 2013, KPS implementation, and future directions.

A TA review mission was conducted in PRC and MON from 28 June-5 July 2012 to (i) review the progress of knowledge products and services (KPS) subprojects with PRC Ministry of Finance (MOF) TA Division and MON National Development and Innovation Committee (NDIC); (ii) discuss future KPS priorities; and (iii) review the training program for NDIC staff in the area of research methodology.

On 3-7 December 2012, a follow-up knowledge management mission was held in Mongolia to (i) discuss the change of implementing agency; (ii) discuss the change in composition of the RETA Steering Committee (SC); (iii) review the progress of knowledge products and services (KPS) subprojects with the MON Ministry of Economic Development (MED); (iv) check the office space of the policy research team under the capacity building subproject and the team's work; and (v) review the training program for NDIC staff in the area of research methodology.

A knowledge management mission to PRC and MON was field from 6-11 June 2011 to discuss: (i) implementation of the 2011 KPS program; (ii) future KPS priorities; (iii) address procedural matters in appoval of KPS under the TA; and (iv) review the need for training of NDIC staff on research methodology.

TA review missions to PRC and MON were held in September 2010 to discuss the status of implementation of the 2010 KPS program. In MON, the review mission identified how to increase research capacity in Mongolia's National Development and Innovation Committee under the Office of the Prime Minister. In PRC, finalization of the draft reports on the strategy and promotion of industrial transfer in the 12th Five-Year Plan was worked out with the National Development and Reform Commission.

TA review missions were undertaken in January 2010 and November 2009 and reviewed progress on two strategic KPS related to PRC's 12th Five Year Plan. A mission also discussed KPS proposals with MON National Development and Innovation Committee and progress of research work with MON policy research advisory team.

A TA review mission in June 2009 in PRC discussed progress of KPS implementation. ADB and PRC Government agreed to emphasize interprovincial cooperation as a priority KPS area. Inception meeting held for the KPS Study on Direction and Policies for PRC's 12th Five-Year Plan.

KPS mission to MON and PRC in October 2008 resulted in identification of priority KPS areas for MON and closer monitoring of 7 strategic KPS for PRC. In addition, two strategic studies related to the preparation of the 12th Five Year Plan of PRC were being supported under the RETA.

Geographical Location Mongolia and the People's Republic of China
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The agreement of the Governments of PRC and MON will be sought on the goals, purpose, scope, implementation arrangements, cost, and financing arrangements for the proposed TA.
During Project Implementation ADB conducts regular consultations with the Governments of PRC and MON on KPS priorities and KPS proposals proposed for funding under the TA. ADB also consults research institutions like the Beijing University, Tsinghua University, China Development Research Foundation, the Mongolia National University, Asia Foundation, and development partners like the World Bank, IMF, and USAID.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consulting Services to be determined on a case-by-case basis for topics requested by the Governments. Examples of expected outputs include policy notes, technical papers, good practices studies, sector and thematic reports, other special publications, flagship studies, and policy research capacity building plans.
Responsible ADB Officer David S. Sobel
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Office of the Director General, EARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development BankDavid Sobeldsobel@adb.orgADB Headquarters, Manila
Timetable
Concept Clearance 21 Jun 2007
Fact Finding 19 Aug 2007 to 28 Sep 2007
MRM -
Approval 12 Dec 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 18 Jul 2007
Last PDS Update 19 Mar 2015

TA 6428-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2007 - 12 Dec 2007 31 Jan 2010 31 Jan 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
5,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,500,000.00 12 Dec 2007 3,314,837.19
Title Document Type Document Date
Supporting Strategic Knowledge Products and Research Networking Technical Assistance Reports Dec 2007

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