India: Promoting Inclusive Urban Development in Indian Cities

Sovereign Project | 41609-012


Not applicable from 2008 onward.

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Project Name Promoting Inclusive Urban Development in Indian Cities
Project Number 41609-012
Country India
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7148-IND: Promoting Inclusive Urban Development in Indian Cities
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description Not applicable from 2008 onward.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Government of India initiated the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) in 2005 to develop urban infrastructure and basic urban services on a fast-track basis and to ensure improved governance and finances for sustainable urban service delivery in 63 cities in India. JNNURM comprises of two sub-mission: (i) urban infrastructure and governance, and (ii) basic services to the urban poor.

The first component is being implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development, and ADB has been providing technical support for the effective implementation of the first component, which has been widely appreciated by the Government. The second component-Basic Services to the Urban Poor-is implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA). The focus of the second component of JNNURM is to improve slums through integrated provision of shelter, basic infrastructure and services, and other civic amenities and consist of seven point charter: affordable housing for the poor; permanent tenure for the slum dwellers; water supply for the poor; sanitation for the poor; education for the poor; health for the poor; and social security.

MHUPA has requested ADB's technical assistance to build project development capacities for expanding inclusive city development. The current investments targeted to improve living conditions of the urban poor are limited. A significant way to accelerate further investments for inclusive cities is to develop good projects that mainstream all aspects of inclusive city development.

The ADB's Country Strategy and Program Update 2006-2008 lays emphasis on supporting urban infrastructure development, especially water supply and sewerage, with targeted poverty reduction components and strong focus on municipal reforms and capacity building. The proposed TA has close linkage to ADB's Country Strategy for urban infrastructure development and poverty reduction.

Impact Inclusive urban development leading to improvement in the status of the urban poor
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Capacities for inclusive urban development of Indian cities enhanced at city and state levels
Progress Toward Outcome Since there is a significant synergy between affordable housing development (TA 7148-IND) and urban transport development (TA 7750-IND), which is commonly referred to as transit-oriented development (TOD)/value capture, a joint workshop for the two TAs was organized on 24-25 May 2012 in Jodhpur, which is the city both teams looked into as a practical example for possible adoption of TOD. One suggestion that came out of the workshop was the formalation of new projects based on the concept of (mass) transit-oriented development (TOD)/value capture. The TA team also participated in the "Inclusive Urban Planning" conference on 18-19 February 2013 in New Delhi at the invitation of the EA, MHUPA, and presented two discussion papers based on the study findings.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Component 1-Develop Toolkit: Develop framework and toolkits for designing inclusive urban development projects for Indian cities. The toolkit would help in enabling systematic approach for cities and states and other interested parties to develop detailed project reports relating to integrated inclusive urban development program

Component 2-Capacity building: Building of state and city level stakeholders in inclusive urban development by supporting visits to best practices, and training programs.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

ADB is currently reviewing the Draft Final Report submitted by consulting team.

The two papers that the TA team presented at the "Inclusive Urban Planning" conference are expected to be published as a part of the book entitled "State of the Urban Poor" report.

Geographical Location India and few selected cities
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Discussions held with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA) during the pre-fact-finding mission, and with MHUPA, academia, bilaterals and nongovernment organizations during the fact-finding mission.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Four individual international consultants (8 pm) and a team of national consultants selected through a firm (43 pm), which forms the Project Coordination Unit (PCU), will be recruited to support MHUPA.

International consultants:

(i) urban governance and institutional development expert (2 pm);

(ii) urban planning, land management for affordable housing expert (2 pm);

(iii) municipal finance and urban poverty alleviation expert (2 pm); and

(iv) slum development, housing and inclusive urban development expert (2 pm).

Project Coordination Unit (PCU) national consultants:

(i) social development specialist-team leader (11 pm);

(ii) urban planning specialist (11 pm);

(iii) finance specialist (7 pm);

(iv) municipal engineer (7 pm); and

(v) knowledge resource manager (7 pm).

Support for the National Research Institutions (NRIs)

Responsible ADB Officer Keiichi Tamaki
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
Nirman Bhavan, Maulana Azad Road
New Delhi-110011
Concept Clearance 10 Apr 2008
Fact Finding 21 Apr 2008 to 23 Apr 2008
Approval 15 Oct 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 28 Apr 2008
Last PDS Update 27 Sep 2013

TA 7148-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 Oct 2008 13 Oct 2009 13 Oct 2009 30 Apr 2011 31 May 2013 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,250,000.00 15 Oct 2008 659,597.67

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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