Mongolia: Poverty Reduction through Community-Based Natural Resource Management

Sovereign Project | 41659-012

Summary

The Poverty Reduction through Community-Based Natural Resource Management Project (the Project) aims to promote sustainable natural resource management (NRM) and contribute to poverty reduction in rural Mongolia. These goals will be achieved through policy strengthening and implementation in support of sustainable NRM in the Onon River Basin at the basin, soum (district), and bag (subdistrict) levels, and by creating an enabling environment for community-driven poverty reduction.

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Project Name Poverty Reduction through Community-Based Natural Resource Management
Project Number 41659-012
Country Mongolia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9125-MON: Poverty Reduction through Community-Based Natural Resource Management
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The Poverty Reduction through Community-Based Natural Resource Management Project (the Project) aims to promote sustainable natural resource management (NRM) and contribute to poverty reduction in rural Mongolia. These goals will be achieved through policy strengthening and implementation in support of sustainable NRM in the Onon River Basin at the basin, soum (district), and bag (subdistrict) levels, and by creating an enabling environment for community-driven poverty reduction. Specifically, the Project will (i) provide capacity building and resources to foster the development of effective environmentally-focused community-based organizations (CBOs) that will increase local stakeholders' input in NRM decisions, (ii) strengthen local government capacity and resources to effectively implement NRM policies, (iii) develop new or enhanced sources of livelihoods for poor households in protected areas and buffer zones through revolving funds and business development assistance for unsustainable extraction of flora and fauna from protected areas, and (iv) enhance environmental conservation planning and management in the Onon River watershed through investments in technical research and strategy development.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact Poverty is reduced in areas surrounding the Onon-Balj Natural Protected Area.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved livelihoods among project families involved in community-based organizations.
Progress Toward Outcome

The project made substantial progress towards project outcome 2: Strengthened Integrated natural resource management (NRM) and conservation in the Onon River Basin (ORB), and project outcome 3: Strong local institutions developed in communities around the Onon-Balj National Park (OBNP). Community mobilization and institutional setting necessary for NRM of the ORB are mostly done. Respective NRM plans were prepared and to be approved by concerned authorities shortly. Nevertheless, institutions established with the project assistance need to be further strengthened, and actual implementation of NRM plans by those institutions is yet to be seen.

Solid groundwork has been accomplished for project outcome 1: Improved livelihoods among families living in areas surrounding the OBNP. Likelihood to achieve the outcome is yet to be assessed once loan guarantee funds are being utilized by project beneficiaries. Establishment of grant funds for subprojects already approved and disbursed to project beneficiaries.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Establishment of an effective Onon River Basin Council (ORBC)

A strategy for integrated management of the ORB is adopted as government policy.

Environmentally-sustainable small-scale enterprises established to provide alternative sources of livelihood that reduce harmful resource extraction from protected areas.

Effective project implementation, monitoring, and assessment.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Buffer zone councils in 7 soums located in buffer zones of Onon-Balj Natoinal Part and buffer zone fund has been established.

A training center in Dadal soum and eco-clubs for all project soums were established.

Demarcation of the OBNP border using signs, post and information boards has been completed.

Preparatory work in progress.

Preparatory work in progress.

Preparatory work in progress.

Ongoing.

Ongoing.

Project closing date extended from 7 Oct 2012 to 31 May 2013.

Geographical Location Onon River Basin (Khentiy Aimag and bordering portions of neighboring aimags), Mongolia
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

Local government representatives in the five target soums, the aimag government, protected area administrators, CBO representatives engaged in NRM and conservation, and other rural stakeholders have been involved in participatory consultations and workshops related to the project design. These consultations focused on soliciting stakeholder input regarding the causes of poverty; identifying barriers to poverty reduction; defining entry points for interventions through environment-poverty links, capacity building, and social development; and capitalizing on value-chain development opportunities.

The Project was formulated following extensive consultations with local stakeholders and key informants, and after participatory analysis with groups of target beneficiaries in all soums. Introductory and preparatory meetings included representatives of the environmental and social policy departments of the aimag government, officers of soum governments, and members of aimag and soum khurals (legislative bodies). In each soum, participatory rural appraisal techniques were employed by two field teams to analyze environment-poverty links with CBOs in rural areas and rural centers. Participatory action research included social mapping and wealth ranking to identify poverty profiles and dimensions and group analysis on opportunities for poverty reduction through community-based NRM. A series of meetings was held with representatives of local NGOs and citizens' movements.

During Project Implementation Planned as detailed in Grant Assistance Report
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The Project will require 4.25 person-months of international and 660 person-months of national consulting services. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) will be engaged following the single source selection method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Engagement of the international consultants will be undertaken by the project management unit (PMU), while engagement of the national consultants will be undertaken by WWF through the nongovernment organization (NGO) program.

As the specific activities to be undertaken under components A and B will be driven by the interests and demands of the participating communities, the consultancy requirements for the Project will be reviewed and adjusted, as necessary, to meet the requirements of implementation and to help ensure the successful completion of the Project.

Procurement Procurement under the Project will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost the equivalent of $100,000 or less will be procured using ADB's shopping procedure. Contracts for goods with estimated value of more than $100,000, but not equal to or exceeding $500,000, and contracts for works with estimated value of more than $100,000, but not equal to or exceed $1.0 million will be awarded using the national competitive bidding (NCB) procedure. Items costing $10,000 or below may be purchased directly from the supplier. In such cases, ADB should be satisfied that the price paid is reasonable. The use of international competitive bidding is not envisaged under the Project. NCB procurement will be done on the basis of NCB procedures, in accordance with the Mongolian Procurement Law, subject to modifications agreed with ADB. The PMU will be responsible for procurement, with technical inputs from the Ministry of Nature and Environment (MNE) and WWF.
Responsible ADB Officer Takeshi Ueda
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Nature and EnvironmentMr. Ayush NamkhaiAdministration Department, Ministry of Nature, Environment and Tourism (MNET)
Timetable
Concept Clearance 25 Oct 2007
Fact Finding 01 Dec 2007 to 12 Dec 2007
MRM -
Approval 05 Aug 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 04 May 2009
Last PDS Update 19 Mar 2013

Grant 9125-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Aug 2008 08 Oct 2008 08 Oct 2008 07 Oct 2012 30 Jun 2013 22 Jul 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.17 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 05 Aug 2008 0.00 2.00 100%
Counterpart 0.18 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 05 Aug 2008 0.00 2.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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