Mongolia: Water Point and Extension Station Establishment for Poor Herding Families

Sovereign Project | 41660-012

Summary

The Water Point and Extension Station Establishment for Poor Herding Families Project (the Project) will (i) create new, sustainable water points and accompanying water management infrastructure in pasture locations; (ii) increase the availability of underused pastureland in Ovorhangay Aimag (province); (iii) support the development of strong institutions for local governance of water points and adjacent pastures; and (iv) create one-stop agricultural and social service centers to develop service delivery capacity at the soum (district) level. Improvements in institutions' management of water points and adjacent pasture resources will support resource management by herders and local governments and ensure pastures will not be degraded in the coming years. The Project will also improve the environmental sustainability of herding activities by lessening pressure from overgrazing at existing water points.

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Project Name Water Point and Extension Station Establishment for Poor Herding Families
Project Number 41660-012
Country Mongolia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9124-MON: Water Point and Extension Station Establishment for Poor Herding Families
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture and Natural Resources - Irrigation
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The Water Point and Extension Station Establishment for Poor Herding Families Project (the Project) will (i) create new, sustainable water points and accompanying water management infrastructure in pasture locations; (ii) increase the availability of underused pastureland in Ovorhangay Aimag (province); (iii) support the development of strong institutions for local governance of water points and adjacent pastures; and (iv) create one-stop agricultural and social service centers to develop service delivery capacity at the soum (district) level. Improvements in institutions' management of water points and adjacent pasture resources will support resource management by herders and local governments and ensure pastures will not be degraded in the coming years. The Project will also improve the environmental sustainability of herding activities by lessening pressure from overgrazing at existing water points. It will aid poor nomadic herders to plan, manage, and monitor water points and pastures with the support of responsive soum agricultural extension centers (SAECs), and local communities will decide the precise types of agricultural and social service extension activities they will receive. Additionally, the Project will improve the livelihoods and livelihood security of poor nomadic herding families by improving their access to and management of water and pasture resources, as well as their capacity to add value to their agricultural products while also addressing social and health concerns.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The project relates closely to past as proposed future ADB project in Mongolia, as well as addresses key objectives spelled out for ADB's assistance to the Government of Mongolia. The three related projects are: 1 )Loan 1822-MON: Agriculture Sector Project, for $10 million, approved on 21 December 2000. 2)P39229-MON: Proposed Agriculture and Rural Development Project (proposed for approval and implementation in 2008) 3) TA 4359-MON: Agriculture Sector Strategy Study, for $350,000, approved on 12 July 2004.
Impact Improved livelihood approaches from sustainable herding practices in Ovorhangay Aimag.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased agricultural and livestock productivity
Progress Toward Outcome

The project was physically completed on 31 May 2012. Acheivements are as follows:

a. Ten extension centers were established in all 10 project soums with officers trained by the projects in providing service on community management of pasture and water resources, and income generating activities. These centers are continuously used as soum veterinary and livestock breeding unit centers newly established in January 2011 under Mongol Livestock National Program 2010-2015.

b. About 193,200 ha of grazing pasture has been made available for herding families through the provision of new/rehabilitated water points.

c. 206 herding families started/expanded new/existing income generating activities, including agricultural and livestock husbandry.

d. 784 herding families increased efficiency in livestock husbandry through access to new/rehabilited water potins.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Newly constructed or rehabilitated water points function in areas with underutilized pasture.

Enhanced herder management groups' capacity to plan and manage and maintain water points and pastures.

Increased provision of extension services in pasture management, livestock production, alternative livelihoods, and services for nomadic herding households and groups.

Effective project implementation, monitoring, and assessment.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Fifty one (51) new water points were constructed, 18 existing ones rehabilitated (the number of rehabilitatable water points were found limited), and 17 heads of natural springs fenced for protection benefitting 800 herding families while improving water access to 195,000 ha of pasture land.

-Seventy six (76) herder groups were developed. Among them, 75 herder groups developed pasture use plans for sustainable pasture management; 71 herder groups made pasture use agreements with respective soum governors and implementing the plans.

-Out of the 76 herder groups, 69 well recipient herder groups made water use agreements with respective soum governors for sustainable use of water points.

Ninety seven (97) herder groups received extension services on community management of pasture and water resources, and income generating activities.

-Sixty seven (67) well recipient herder groups provided 8.9% of the total well construction/rehabilitation cost in cash.

-Seventy five (75) herder groups paid transportation costs to participate training at soum centers.

With the support of local extension officers,

-68 herder groups (176 herding families) started/expanded new/existing income generating activities, including agricultural and livestock husbandry.

-46 herder groups (548 herding families) increased efficiency in livestock husbandry through access to new/rehabilitated water points;

-68 herder groups developed pasture use plans for sustainable pasture management; 58 herder groups made pasture use agreements with respective soum governors; and 52 are implementing the plans.

-75 herder groups (1950 herding families) benefitted from training on various activities.

Need assessment of social services was completed.

A project performance management system was developed at the inception.

-Project performance monitoring by herder groups was conducted in June 2010 and May 2011.

-Annual stakeholders workshops were organized for 2009 and 2010.

Project progress reports and audit reports have been submitted on time.

-Technical reports on water point development and use, pasture use and management, herder group development and agricultural extension development and service were prepared.

-23 brochures, 13 leaflets, 14 posters, banner and anons, 1 magazine were printed and distributed.

-22 national radio programs on livestock, pasture, waterpoint management were produced and broadcasted.

-8 training films on monitoring of water point construction by herders, pasture management, and bakery production were produced.

15 newspaper articles on the project have been published.

Provided recommendation on pasture management for neighbouring herder, bag, soums and aimags of the target soums, and on agri extension structure to National Agriculture Extension Centre. Drafted policy recommendation for water point use and m onitor.

Organized 2 policy workshops on pasture management.

Geographical Location Ovorhangay Aimag, Mongolia
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

Potential stakeholders, particularly herder management groups and LGUs in the target aimag, were consulted in the Project's design phase. This included participatory stakeholder workshops at aimag and soum levels as well as separate herder group discussions. Stakeholders' expectations in respect to their participation in implementation have been integrated into the project design, particularly water point site selection, identification of extension needs, and pasture management processes.

Water and land management agreements developed by water point management groups will form part of a bottom-up participatory planning process for land management in each soum involving herder management groups and LGU staff members. This process aims to involve all key stakeholders in pasture management and includes an annual soum pasture management planning workshop, bringing together lower-level herder group and pasture user group management plans for discussion and integration into a soum-wide plan.

During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project will require the services of international consultants and staff totaling about 187.5 person months, and national consultants and staff totaling 272.75 person months for implementation.
Procurement All procurement of goods, works and services will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Contract for goods and works estimated to cost $0.5 million or more and contracts for works estimated to cost $1.0 million or more shall be procured using international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures. Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost less than the ICB thresholds, but more than $100,000, shall be procured on the basis of national competitive bidding procedures in accordance with the Procurement Law of Mongolia, subject to modifications agreed with ADB. Contracts for goods and works estimated to cost $100,000 or less shall be procured using ADB's shopping procedures. To procure items costing below $10,000, the Project Management Unit may purchase the items directly from the supplier.
Responsible ADB Officer Takeshi Ueda
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Food and AgricultureMr. Purevjav BayanmunkhMinistry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry (MOFALI)
Timetable
Concept Clearance 25 Oct 2007
Fact Finding 01 Dec 2007 to 12 Dec 2007
MRM -
Approval 30 Jul 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Nov 2007
Last PDS Update 27 Sep 2012

Grant 9124-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Jul 2008 15 Oct 2008 15 Oct 2008 14 Oct 2011 01 Jun 2012 12 Oct 2012
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.19 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 30 Jul 2008 0.00 2.00 100%
Counterpart 0.19 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 30 Jul 2008 0.00 2.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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