Punjab is the largest provincial economy and the most populous province of Pakistan, accounting for over 50% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) and population. The economic performance of Punjab plays a critical role in the overall economic strength of the country. Punjab has achieved robust economic growth and significant poverty reduction in recent years. However, it still faces numerous development challenges. The first is the low living standard and high poverty incidence. Average per capita income in the province is about $1,000 which is about two thirds of the low middle income country average. Poverty ratio remains high at over 20%. The second is the low level of non-income well being as measured by social indicators. For example, over one third of children under 5 years of age are underweight. Third, Punjab faces large infrastructure deficits. There is acute power shortage, and 90% of the provincial road network is rated as "fair to poor".
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