Thailand: Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project

Sovereign Project | 41682-013 Status: Active

Summary

ADB is helping finance a highway expansion in Thailand to stimulate trade and economic growth in its border regions and neighboring countries that make up the Greater Mekong Subregion. The project will upgrade 178 kilometers of national highways to four lanes from two lanes. It will also help the Thailand government prepare an implementation plan for the Strategic Intercity Motorway Network.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices See also: CMS

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Notices See also: Operational Procurement

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Documents


Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

 
Project Name Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project
Project Number 41682-013
Country Thailand
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2608-THA: Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 77.10 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome Baseline surveys and the second surveys after completion of the works were completed.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Upgrading of 105 km of highway along EWEC and 73 km along the SEC to a four-lane - Construction completed. Resettlement plan has been implemented, addressing all resettlement impacts. The EMP implemented, minimizing environmental impacts by mitigation measures - completed. HHTAP implemented and community monitoring in place - completed. Established RCC and conducted capacity building training on resettlement, gender sensitization, and livelihood restoration - completed. Road safety audits during design and construction implemented - recommendations of the road safety audit study were provided for DOH. DOH will deliver effective road safety improvements works by using its national budget.

2. Project Management System Operating - the development of the project performance management system - completed.

3. Implementation plan for the Strategic Intercity Motorway Network were developed and the priority motorway construction project initiated.

Geographical Location Thailand

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

The Project widens two sections of paved highways. Based on the requirements of the ADB's Environment Policy (2002), the Project has been classified as environmental category B (sensitive) because the alignment along Highway 12 (the Phitsanulok-Lom Sak section) traverses the Thung Salaeng Luang National Park and several sensitive watershed designations. The highway was constructed in 1960, while the national park was declared as such in 1975. The proposed highway expansion is restricted to areas within the existing 60-meter ROW of Highway 12. The park designation does not extend inside the ROW pursuant to the Royal Decree for Separation of Highway Right-of-Way from Thung Salaeng Luang National Park. Further, all portions of the ROW that encompass sensitive watersheds or are adjacent to the national park have been previously disturbed or developed through activities such as logging, agriculture, or roadway and commercial construction. As such, these areas are in a degraded condition with respect to ecological resources. The adjacent portions of the national park have also been previously degraded through similar activities, as noted for the ROW. Native habitats generally are absent within 50-60 meters of the ROW, and the most sensitive (core) habitat areas of the park are about 2 km or more south of the alignment. No protected areas, such as national parks, designated forests, or sensitive watersheds, are within or adjacent to Highway 359 (the Phanom Sarakham-Sa Kaeo section). The section is in an area of generally level terrain and is predominantly agricultural.

The predicted environmental impacts during construction include air pollution, mainly from dust emissions; noise and vibration; water pollution from fuel spills and improper waste disposal; soil erosion and siltation of water courses because of earthworks and extraction of borrow materials; and habitat loss from vegetation clearing. The Project is expected to improve the ecological condition within the ROW of the two highway sections. The Project includes extensive tree replanting (utilizing native species), landscaping, erosion control, slope stabilization, and water quality control. Wildlife crossings also are provided for road sections along Highway 12. These are either project design or mitigation measures, and include applicable monitoring programs to ensure proper function and identify necessary remedial measures. Impacts during the operations phase are expected to be limited mainly to air and noise pollution from vehicles. The proposed project design includes a number of monitoring efforts to identify site-specific locations where regulatory standards cannot be met. In those cases, additional mitigation measures are implemented, as appropriate.

An EMP has been prepared detailing mitigation and monitoring requirements, associated implementation responsibilities, schedules, preliminary costs, reporting frequency, and capacity building or training requirements. Timely and proper implementation of mitigation measures defined in the EMP will help ensure that the Project will not significantly harm the environment.

Involuntary Resettlement The highway right-of-ways (ROWs) has been acquired, and it was established and demarcated as early as the 1950s (Highway 12) and 2000 (Highway 359). The entire ROW of highways 12 and 359 are cleared of all obstructions. The census and detailed measurement surveys carried out in October and November 2008 in Highway 359 identified about 261 households. An additional 92 households were found during the census and detailed measurement survey in March 2009 in Highway 12. These households had stalls and/or shelters and tilling paddy land inside the ROW. The resettlement plan prepared for the Project was formulated in a way that recognizes that, while the ROWs of the two highways have been acquired, the affected people's livelihood can continue with minimal disruption and that their socioeconomic conditions are maintained, if not improved. The DOH assists by coordinating with the resettlement coordinating committee and Tambon Administration Office to find replacement land for stalls and shelters in a way that will allow for the gradual transfer of business operation to the new site, thereby avoiding any business disruption. Poor and vulnerable households are given priority in choosing stalls in the new sites. Consultation meetings were carried out during preparation of the resettlement plan, and key information was disclosed to the affected people before ADB appraisal. Implementation arrangements have been designed following a participatory approach, while a grievance mechanism and monitoring have been established to ensure compliance with the resettlement plan from updating to implementation.
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultation meetings were held with project-affected people to discuss the impact of the Project on resettlement and environmental impacts. Meetings were held in all of the subdistricts within the project areas, and the results of these meetings were incorporated into the project resettlement plan, environmental impact assessment, and environmental management plan.
During Project Implementation

During project construction, consultation will continue during updating and implementation of the resettlement plan. A series of consultations with affected people will be held during the detailed measurement survey.

To minimize the risk of the highways dividing local communities by disrupting existing local road communications, the Department of Highways has already discussed with local communities construction of highway-crossing facilities including underpasses and overpasses. The need for and location of these facilities were confirmed during the detailed engineering design. Planning for community infrastructure was through local committees; membership of these committees will consist of representatives of the District Highway Office, project consultants, and representatives of the local communities. Local communities were consulted to determine the maximum distance between facilities to cross the highways - by either overpasses or underpasses - to avoid the disruption of livelihood and social networks and the existing local road system. Community consultations are facilitated by the construction supervision consultant's team.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The DOH selected an international consulting firm for the construction supervision consulting services using the quality- and cost-based selection procedures, in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time).
Procurement In accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time), the DOH selected 8 civil works contractors, of which five will be for Highway 12 (Phitsanulok-Lom Sak) and three for Highway 359 (Phanom Sarakham-Sa Kaeo).

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Yasushi Tanaka
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Department of Highways
Mr. Wanchai Parluck
Department of Highways, Bangkok, Thailand

Timetable

Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 14 Feb 2008
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

Loan 2608-THA

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 Dec 2009 11 Jun 2010 02 Sep 2010 30 Jun 2015 31 Dec 2016 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 179.40 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 77.10 15 Dec 2009 69.45 0.00 100%
Counterpart 102.30 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 15 Dec 2009 69.36 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
GMS Highway Expansion Project - National Highway Route Nos. 12 and 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (July 2015-February 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Mar 2016
GMS Highway Expansion Project - National Highway Route Nos. 12 and 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (April-June 2015) Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2015
GMS Highway Expansion Project - National Highway Route Nos. 12 and 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-March 2015) Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2015
GMS Highway Expansion Project - National Highway Routes No. 12 and No. 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (October-December 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Apr 2015
Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project: National Highway Route No. 12 and No. 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-September 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2014
Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project: National Highway Route No. 12 and No. 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (April-June 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2014
Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project: National Highway Route No. 12 and No. 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-March 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Apr 2014
Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project: National Highway Route No. 12 and No. 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (October-December 2013) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2014
Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project: National Highway Route No. 12 and No. 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-September 2013) Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2013
Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project: Third Quarterly Report Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2013
Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project: National Highway Route No. 12 and No. 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (April-June 2013) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2013
Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project: National Highway Route No. 12 and No. 359: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-March 2013) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2013
Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Expansion Project: Monthly Progress Report No. 4 Social Monitoring Reports Apr 2012

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.