China, People's Republic of: Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project

Sovereign Project | 42016-012

Summary

The TA will have three specific outputs for the project area: (i) an irrigated agriculture strategy and action plan, (ii) an institutional development strategy for PIM and IWRM with a

program of capacity building and project management, and (iii) an investment proposal that meets ADB's safeguards and other requirements.

The TA will utilize (i) detailed subproject feasibility study reports prepared by QDOWR; (ii) existing policy, planning, and institutional documents; and (iii) other information relating to the sector. Building on this information, the TA will carefully analyze local conditions while applying lessons and best practices learned in the PRC and other countries. A participatory approach will be undertaken during project preparation. It will include workshops and focus group meetings with key stakeholders including representatives of poor communities in order to address their needs.

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Project Name Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project
Project Number 42016-012
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7103-PRC: Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 700,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

The TA will have three specific outputs for the project area: (i) an irrigated agriculture strategy and action plan, (ii) an institutional development strategy for PIM and IWRM with a

program of capacity building and project management, and (iii) an investment proposal that meets ADB's safeguards and other requirements.

The TA will utilize (i) detailed subproject feasibility study reports prepared by QDOWR; (ii) existing policy, planning, and institutional documents; and (iii) other information relating to the sector. Building on this information, the TA will carefully analyze local conditions while applying lessons and best practices learned in the PRC and other countries. A participatory approach will be undertaken during project preparation. It will include workshops and focus group meetings with key stakeholders including representatives of poor communities in order to address their needs.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

During the 2007 Country Programming Mission, the Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to assist the Qinghai

Provincial Department of Water Resources (QDOWR) to prepare the Qinghai Rural Water Resources Management Project, which is included in the PRC's country partnership strategy

(2008 2010).

Irrigation and water management is essential to sustainable agriculture throughout the year in most regions of the PRC. Meeting irrigation needs has become one of the major issues

within the water sector. Irrigation represented 63.2% of total water use in 2006, a decrease from 68.8% in 2000 due to the PRC's rapid urbanization, economic growth, and population growth. At the same time, per capita water availability is rapidly declining as ecological and water stress is increasing in many river basins. These combined factors have highlighted the need for more efficient and sustainable water resources management, particularly for the purpose ofincreasing the irrigation water coefficient in order to meet the rising requirements of irrigation water.

The Government has revised the National Water Policy periodically since 1998 to address these challenges, promoting state level policy and institutional reforms to (i) manage

water efficiently using integrated water resources management (IWRM), and (ii) pursue higher system utilization and sustainable operation and maintenance (O&M) with participatory irrigation management (PIM). These changes were further stipulated in the revised 2002 National Water Law. While considerable progress has been made to implement PIM and IWRM, the process is still in a formative stage. Also, provincial agencies are unable to deliver services with adequate participation from farmers.

Impact

The expected impact of the TA will be rehabilitated and newly constructed key water resources infrastructure in the three participating counties (Hualong, Jianza, and Xunhua) of Qinghai Province.

The Project will also have a direct impact at the household level, as it will afford increased incomes and employment opportunities by providing a steady and ensured water supply for irrigation purposes. At present, lack of water is the main constraint farmers face with regard to farming. The Project will directly address this constraint and, in the process, heightened income levels will be noted at the household level.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The TA outcome will be a project design agreed by QDOWR, the Government, and ADB that will (i) enhance productivity and sustainability of existing irrigation systems with increased provincial revenues; and (ii) strengthen institutions, including QDOWR in delivering accountable irrigation services, WUAs in fulfilling specified O&M tasks, and other agencies in providing sound support services.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

The TA will have three specific outputs for the project area: (i) an irrigated agriculture strategy and action plan, (ii) an institutional development strategy for PIM and IWRM with a program of capacity building and project management, and (iii) an investment proposal that meets ADB's safeguards and other requirements.

Feasibility report that will include an irrigated agriculture strategy and action plan, an institutional development strategy, and an investment proposal suitable for ADB processing. In line with these outputs, the following will be carried out:

1. Initial socioeconomic surveys, assessments of subproject pre-feasibility study reports, and determination of overall project objectives.

2. Detailed assessment of subproject technical design, plus completion of initial financial and economic evaluations.

3. Finalization of project design by undertaking technical, economic and financial analyses, as well as preparing environmental and social safeguards and other relevant documents.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) All major activities have been completed.
Geographical Location Eastern Qinghai
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples A
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Primary stakeholders within the Government include the Ministry of Finance, National Development Reform Commission, and Ministry of Water Resources. At the provincial level, the executing agency will be the Qinghai Provincial Department of Water Resources. Other key stakeholders include the Provincial National Development and Reform Commission. At the subproject level, stakeholders will include farmers and the relevant service providing agencies such as the Department of Environment, Agriculture Extension, etc. which will be responsible for providing extension support services to the subproject beneficiaries.
During Project Implementation Consultation (e.g., interviews and/or focus groups) and workshops will be the primary methods adopted for social, gender, and environmental assessments and for developing action plans and methodologies. In addition to the requisite inception, midterm, and final workshops, there will be consultations seeking to strengthen participatory subproject development and enhance linkages with associated government line departments to improve support services provision.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services It will require 15 person-months of international and 24 person-months of national consultants covering irrigation planning and management, irrigation institutions, PIM, IWRM, agronomy, agriculture, economics, sociology, environment, and resettlement. It will include studies, surveys, and consultations.
Responsible ADB Officer Zhou Yaozhou
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Qinghai Department of Water Resources (QDOWR)Mr. Liu Weimin+86 971 6161 140/147No. 18 Kunlun Road, Xining 810001, Qinghai Province
Timetable
Concept Clearance 25 Apr 2008
Fact Finding 17 Mar 2008 to 28 Mar 2008
MRM -
Approval 23 Jul 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 05 Oct 2009
Last PDS Update 26 Jul 2011

TA 7103-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Jul 2008 08 Sep 2008 08 Sep 2008 28 Feb 2009 31 Aug 2011 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
700,000.00 0.00 175,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 875,000.00 23 Jul 2008 639,665.19

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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