China, People's Republic of: Preparing National Guidelines for Eco-Compensation in River Basins and a Framework for Soil Pollution Management

Sovereign Project | 42024-012 Status: Closed


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Project Name Preparing National Guidelines for Eco-Compensation in River Basins and a Framework for Soil Pollution Management
Project Number 42024-012
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7217-PRC: Preparing National Guidelines for Eco-Compensation in River Basins and a Framework for Soil Pollution Management
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 400,000.00
Multi-Donor Trust Fund under the Water Financing Partnership Facility US$ 400,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome Significant progress has been made towards the outcome as draft national guidelines for eco-compensation in river basins has been prepared in consultation with a range of stakeholders and key components of an effective framework for contaminated site management was presented and discussed at the final workshop based on the work done by the TA team. The draft national guidelines on eco-compensation is currently undergoing the internal MEP approval process prior to formally being issued by MEP.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Component 1: River Basin Eco-compensation:

Output: An updated overview of methodologies for PES including (i) a report on river basin related PES experiences in the PRC and other countries, and (ii) practical recommendations for methodologies to adopt PES systems in the PRC has been prepared. This report was presented at the TA final workshop in December 2012, and is currently being revised based on comments from ADB and stakeholders present at the workshop.

Output: supporting case studies, demonstrating the application of developed PES methodologies in two river basins, to assess the actual impacts, identifying existing technical difficulties, and recommending measures for further replication.

Progress: Significant work was done on two case studies including the pilot study Dongjiang River Basin and Jiulong River Basin. The case studies were presented in the final report and provided recommendations for effective eco-compensation mechanisms in both river basins.

Output: draft national guidelines for eco-compensation in river basins including (i) identification of the objectives and scope for ecological compensation in river basins, (ii) identification of rights and responsibilities among the stakeholders involved; (iii) recommendation of best practices and standards for various types of ecological compensation; (iv) implementation arrangements and procedures; and (v) a management, monitoring, and evaluation system.

Progress: The draft national guidelines for river basin eco-compensation has been prepared and discussed with the relevant functional department of MEP (i.e. the department of nature conservation and ecology). The final workshop organised in December 2012 provided the opportunity for additional stakeholder input. At the final workshop, MEP acknowledged that much progress has already been made on the development of these guidelines and it will now have to undergo the formal approval process within MEP (which will include additional inter-departmental and inter-ministerial consultations). The guidelines will be eventually produced as a MEP official document (technical guidelines). The anticipated steps of that process would be led by MEP will include (i) additional formal consultation process within MEP departments, (ii) consultation with the relevant ministries and provincial governments , (iii) revision of the proposed guidelines, (iv) circulate to line MEP departments for concurrence and (v) approval and official issuance by the MEP. MEP is currently conducting their additional internal consultations prior to publishing the final report, and issuing the guidelines.

With regard to the framework for Contaminated Soil Management, the specific seven completed sub-outputs of the draft final report below were presented and discussed extensively at the TA final workshop.

i. Assessment of existing legal and regulatory frameworks.

ii. Prioritization system for contaminated sites.

iii. Site cleanup based on risk assessment methodology.

iv. Applicable cost-effective technologies for contaminated site management.

v. Financing Mechanisms for contaminated site management

vi. Development of technical guidelines for contaminated site investigation, risk assessment and remediation.

vii. Development of EMP guidelines for secondary pollution prevention during facility relocation

The TA final report is currently being revised based on comments/input at the final workshop. Several additional small scale consultation workshops are being conducted based on the gaps identified at the final workshop. The revised final report is expected by April 2013.

Geographical Location PRC

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations and preparatory meetings were held with representatives of the Ministry of Finance, MEP, the Zhejiang provincial government, and the Institute of Soil Science in Nanjing (Chinese Academy of Sciences). The consultations have shown that there is a strong interest and ownership for the proposed TA.
During Project Implementation

Throughout implementation, consultations and input were sought from various agencies and stakeholders, through small scale consultation workshops at national and provincial level. A wide range of stakeholders were invited for input at the TA final workshop in December 2013. For Component 1 (i.e. river basin eco-compensation), representatives from Tianjin Environmental Monitoring Center, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Science, Guangdong Provincial Academy of Environmental Science, China Agricultural University, Fujian Provincial Academy of Environmental Science and Jiangxi Provincial Academy of Environmental Sciences participated and provided input at the TA final workshop.

For Component 2, stakeholders were involved throughout project implementation. A broad range of stakeholders also participated in the TA final workshop. This included representation from the various government agencies, research institutes, academia and also the industry. Representatives of the following ministries/institutes/organisations were present at the TA final workshop:

International Department, Ministry of Environmental Protection

BCEG Environmental Remediation Co. Ltd.

Beijing Eco-island Science & Technology Co. Ltd.

Beijing West Investment Fund

BGE China

Center for Environmental Education and Communications, Ministry of Environmental Protection

Center for Environmental Science and Engineering, Peking University

Changan Capital

China Development Bank

Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning

Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences

Chongqing Eco-restoration Engineering Limited Co

Chongqing EPB

Chongqing Solid Waste Management Center

College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University

Department of Nature and Ecology Conservation, Ministry of Environmental Protection

Ecology Center, Department of Environmental Protection of Guangdong Province

Environment & Health Magazine

Environmental Remediation China

Environmental Science Research center, People's Liberation Army

ESD China Limited

Hande Research Institute (U.S. Superfund Research Associate)

Harbin Environ Remediation

Huanan Ecological Remediation Investment Limited, Guangdong Province

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Land Smart Solutions Ltd

Ministry of Finance

Ministry of Health

Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Department

Shandong University

Solid Waste Management Center, Department of Environmental Protection of Hebei Province

Solid Waste Management Center, Department of Environmental Protection of Neimenggu Province

Solid Wastes Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protection

Wuhan Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection

Zhengzhou Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services To be determined

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Alvin Lopez
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Environmental Protection
Mr. Wang Xin
115 Xizhimen Nanxiaojie Beijing 100035, PRC


Concept Clearance 16 Sep 2008
Fact Finding 09 Oct 2008 to 11 Oct 2008
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 21 Mar 2013

TA 7217-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Dec 2008 09 Feb 2010 09 Feb 2010 31 Jul 2010 30 Jun 2013 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
400,000.00 400,000.00 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,200,000.00 08 Dec 2008 693,806.04

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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