Afghanistan: MFF- Water Resources Development Investment Program (Facility Concept)

Sovereign Project | 42091-022


The Program aims to promote growth, generate wealth, and reduce poverty and vulnerability.

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Project Name MFF- Water Resources Development Investment Program (Facility Concept)
Project Number 42091-022
Country Afghanistan
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0033-AFG: MFF- Water Resources Development Investment Program (Facility Concept)
Asian Development Fund US$ 300.00 million
United Kingdom (w/ LoA) US$ 3.30 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The Program aims to promote growth, generate wealth, and reduce poverty and vulnerability.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact Agriculture production in Afghanistan improved.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Water resources management in Afghanistan is improved
Progress Toward Outcome

Tranche 1 activities are in progress. PMOs established. Consultants were recruited and civil works contracts either ongoing or under procurement.

Tranche 2, has been approved while bid documents for the huge civil works are ready for review and advertisement.

Tranche 3, list has been prepared, work on feasibility study to start soon to identify potential project for financing.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Irrigation infrastructure upgraded and rehabilitated

Land along the river banks protected from flood/ erosion.

Basin master plan prepared

Tranches are processed and implemented on time and within the budget.

Water management institutions improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Under Tranche 1 first three civil works contract for rehabilitation and upgrading are awarded and works ongoing, consulting contracts for desing, supervision and project preparation are awarded and working ongoing. Helmand master plan has been finalized and waiting for MEW clearance, tranche 2 has been approved and civil works package bid document are ready for review and advertisement, NGO is recruited under consultancy contract of tranche 1 for enhancing institutional setup. Two more packages for civil works are ready for award by Q4 2014.
Geographical Location Country wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The Water Resources Development Investment Program (the Investment Program) is financed by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), through a multitranche financing facility (MFF). The Investment Program has an environmental assessment and review framework and cumulative environmental impact assessment. Each project under the MFF will have individual safeguard documents as required by ADB. The first tranche had an initial environmental examination and is classified as environmental category B according to ADB guidelines.

An EARF and cumulative impact assessment were prepared for the Investment Program following the Government's existing environmental laws and regulations and ADB's Environmental Policy (2002).

The EARF lays out the procedures and provides guidance for environmental due diligence under the Investment Program. Environmental capacity development for the Investment Program will be supported through the implementation consultants' environmental specialist, who will be part of the safeguard team in the PMOs. The PMOs, with support from the consultants, will be responsible for environmental monitoring and implementation of the environmental management plans (EMPs). For future tranches, initial environmental examinations (IEEs), or environmental impact assessments, if required, will be prepared following the EARF and included in the appraisal report, with due public consultation and information disclosure. The finalized IEEs will be submitted with the PFR for ADB approval.

The IEE, including an EMP and summary IEE, was prepared for the first tranche, which is classified as category B in terms of environmental impacts. The Project should have positive impacts on the environment including improved water-use efficiency, protection of assets from river bank erosion and flooding, and better land-use management. Potential negative impacts include (i) erosion of flood protection infrastructure; (ii) dust, noise, and waste during construction; (iii) flood flow displacement due to headworks operation; and (iv) possible degraded surface and groundwater quality and public health due to increased use of agricultural inputs. These will be mitigated by (i) development of a contractors' environmental management plan based on the EMP, with monitoring benchmarks; (ii) operation of infrastructure to minimize flood damage; (iii) WUA training for improved water management; and (iv) RBA capacity building related specifically to developing and implementing technically, socially, and environmentally sound operational policies and procedures. All of the environmental due diligence documents for the first tranche and Investment Program are found in Supplementary Appendix D.

Involuntary Resettlement

A land acquisition and resettlement framework (LARF) was prepared based on the laws of Afghanistan and in accordance with ADB's Involuntary Resettlement Policy (1995) and Operations Manual49 and endorsed by the Government. The LARF has established a process for (i) resettlement categorization of project activities as A, B, or C based on ADB guidelines; (ii) assessment of required resettlement activities; (iii) preparation of any required resettlement plans or other safeguards documents; (iv) compensation to affected persons prior to commence of civil works; and (v) grievance redress among other resettlement activities. The safeguards teams in the PMOs will be responsible for all resettlement activities and prepare any required resettlement plan(s). The categorization form and draft resettlement documents for subsequent tranches will be submitted for ADB approval with each PFR. The PMO and implementation consultants and/or contractors will update resettlement plans during detailed design. Resettlement plans will be implemented only after they have been formally approved by the IA and cleared by ADB. No notice to proceed will be given for civil works until the resettlement plan is fully implemented in the construction area. The PMO will monitor the resettlement plan implementation and report to ADB. In addition, an external monitoring agency will be engaged by the PMO and will have responsibility for (i) confirming that any required land acquisition and resettlement activities have been completed prior to commencement of civil works, (ii) assessing implementation, (iii) progress reporting, and (iv) assessing the impact of the land acquisition and resettlement activities. The external monitoring agency findings and quarterly reports will be filed independently with the EA, IA(s), and ADB, and relevant information may be included in PMO reporting. A nongovernment organization may be engaged as required to support the PMO with the preparation and implementation of resettlement activities. The LARF will ensure that women receive due compensation for losses, and that women who are de facto household heads are clearly listed as beneficiaries for compensation. The Government of Afghanistan has agreed to pay resettlement compensation costs.

Tranche 1 has been categorized as category B for resettlement. The NBD component will require some land acquisition that may impact up to five families, but no relocation is required. The flood management component requires compensation for 19 families that are currently farming in the area of the proposed protective embankment. Short land acquisition and resettlement plans (SLARPs) have been prepared for the affected persons. A summary of the LARF is found in Appendix 14 and the full LARF and SLARP are in Supplementary Appendix C.

Indigenous Peoples The tranche 1 project has been classified as category C. The tranche 1 project areas are inhabited by different ethnic groups. The socioeconomic features and level of vulnerability of these people do not fit with the characteristics defined by ADB's Policy on Indigenous Peoples (1998). The impact of subsequent tranche projects on indigenous peoples will be categorized through the initial poverty and social assessment (IPSA) screening and indigenous peoples categorization followed by appropriate actions as indicated in the approved LARF. Specific actions favorable to indigenous peoples will be included in the land acquisition and resettlement plan or in the specific PFR document for projects categorized as B in terms of indigenous peoples impact. Projects undertaken as part of future tranches will avoid negative impacts on indigenous peoples. If a project under a future tranche is classified as category A with respect to indigenous peoples impacts, an indigenous peoples development plan will be prepared in accordance with ADB's Policy on Indigenous Peoples. Any required documents relating to indigenous peoples will be attached to the PFR.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations were undertaken by the project preparation consultants with farmer irrigators, the landless, sharecroppers, herders, community elders, officials from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and government authorities. In addition, small workshops and meetings were held in each of the project component areas, and a large final tripartite workshop was held in Kabul at the end of the project preparation. The views of the communities and proposed project beneficiaries were incorporated into the project design. Consultation is integral to the project design with regard to the development of water users associations (WUAs), which will be empowered to assume formal responsibility for the management and operation and maintenance of large portions of the irrigation system, and will share decision-making responsibility for infrastructure improvements.
During Project Implementation During project implementation, there will be significant interaction with the local farmers as a part of the WUA development and training program. Local NGOs will support implementation of this effort, which by its very nature will be participatory and involve ongoing consultation with farmers and community members.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consulting services will be required to prepare investments under ensuing tranches of the Investment Program. Quality based selection procedures will be used for engaging consultant firms.
Procurement Procurement of works and goods to be financed under the Investment Program will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). International competitive bidding (ICB) will be used for supply contracts estimated costing more than $500,000 and for civil works that cost more than $2 million. National competitive bidding (NCB) will be used for goods and works above $100,000 and below the ICB thresholds. Shopping will be used for goods and works equal to or below $100,000.
Responsible ADB Officer Hans Woldring
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Concept Clearance 01 Jul 2009
Fact Finding 16 May 2009 to 11 Jun 2009
MRM 14 Jul 2009
Approval 20 Dec 2005
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 30 Jul 2009
Last PDS Update 01 Oct 2014

Grant 0033-AFG

Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 303.30 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 300.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.30 - 0.00 0.00 %
Title Document Type Document Date
Water Resources Development Investment Program Reports and Recommendations of the President Aug 2009

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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