China, People's Republic of: New Models for Civil Society Participation in Poverty Reduction

Sovereign Project | 42124-012

Summary

Replicable models and mechanisms for civil society participation in government-sponsored poverty-related programs formulated and demonstrated. More specifically, the TA will help formulate, and build consensus behind, a comprehensive framework for mainstreaming civil society actors (e.g., NGOs, volunteers, and private contributors) into national poverty alleviation and pro-poor social development efforts.

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Project Name New Models for Civil Society Participation in Poverty Reduction
Project Number 42124-012
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7159-PRC: New Models for Civil Society Participation in Poverty Reduction
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 400,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Health - Health insurance and subsidized health programs

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description Replicable models and mechanisms for civil society participation in government-sponsored poverty-related programs formulated and demonstrated. More specifically, the TA will help formulate, and build consensus behind, a comprehensive framework for mainstreaming civil society actors (e.g., NGOs, volunteers, and private contributors) into national poverty alleviation and pro-poor social development efforts.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The TA directly supports the ADB's Country Partnership Strategy for the PRC (2008-2010) in particular, paragraph 104 and the poverty supplementary annex identify promotion of civil society-government partnerships in poverty reduction and other programs as a key ADB niche area?while building on prior and ongoing ADB TA. Under TA 4580-PRC: NGO-Government Partnerships in Village-level Poverty Alleviation, ADB is supporting the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development (LGOP) in exploring new ways to mainstream NGOs in the PRC?s flagship grassroots poverty program: in a pilot test, Jiangxi Province is pioneering the PRC?s first-ever systematic channeling of budgetary funds through competitively selected NGOs, which work with local governments to mobilize villager participation under LGOP?s village poverty alleviation and development planning (VPADP) program. Other ADB TA is supporting the Ministry of Civil Affairs (responsible for registering NGOs) to assess international models and develop policy recommendations for outsourcing public services to NGOs. The TA will build on these in (i) refining and pilot testing improved modalities for engaging NGOs within VPADP, including an enhanced focus on capacity building for villagers; and (ii) developing mechanisms to mobilize other civil society actors (i.e., volunteers and CSR actors) within national poverty alleviation efforts.
Impact The longer-term impact is reduced rural poverty, with NGOs and other civil society actors mainstreamed within more effective, responsive and well-targeted, and sustainable PA programs across the PRC.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The TA's immediate outcome is formulation and demonstration of replicable models and mechanisms for civil society participation in national PA programs.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

The lack of a supportive institutional environment along with workable mechanisms has limited the extent and efficacy of civil society's role in poverty reduction. Contributions by NGOs, volunteers, and CSR actors in the PRC have tended to be smaller than in many Asian countries, and generally disjoint from state programs. Evidence-based advocacy is also needed to support related policy dialogue. In view of these challenges, the TA's indicative components and core outputs are:

(i) Context Analysis, Mechanism Design, and Framework Formulation - Framework developed for civil society participation in national PA programs, incorporating demonstrated models and mechanisms and concrete recommendations for institutional and policy reform. Initial input reports will include analysis of opportunities to link potential support by civil society and government actors to meet needs in poor areas, while final deliverables will include a policy paper distilling key recommendations, to be reviewed at a final policy seminar;

(ii) Capacity Building for Civil Society-Government Partnership - Key capacities built among government and civil society proponents (via trainings and other modalities), and dissemination of (a) advocacy materials, and (b) guidelines and core resource materials to support post-TA replication;

(iii) Pilot Test - Successful pilot test completed, with new mechanisms proven viable in target localities. The pilot will embed lessons from TA 4580, while refining mechanisms and sharpening the role of NGOs in enhancing villagers' self-help capacities. Deliverables will include the pilot test operational guidelines;

(iv) Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) - an independent M&E report assessing the extent, efficacy, and impact of civil society participation in state-supported poverty programs, including quantitative and qualitative dimensions.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) The TA is cancelled.
Geographical Location PRC
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During country programming midterm review discussions in April 2007, the Ministry of Finance identified poverty reduction as the top priority for 2008 advisory TA, with the above topic prioritized by LGOP, in discussion with ADB. Dialogue with broader civil society stakeholders under TA 4580 (including nine competitively selected NGOs), ADB-hosted NGO roundtables, and other forums has indicated that further TA is critical to support the nascent development of civil society and its contributions to balanced and inclusive development. CFPA (a leading national-level NGO and key partner under TA 4580) has been closely involved in TA conceptualization.
During Project Implementation tbd
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services To tailor-fit support to project partners, ADB will recruit (i) two domestic consultants (6 person-months each)!?to support policy dialogue and pilot test design under component 1, and provide external and independent M&E under component 3, respectively; and (ii) flexibly deployed resource persons (estimated 30 person-days international and 50 person-days domestic) to provide advice on mechanism design and policy based on international best practice, support the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation and Development in providing capacity building linked to the pilot test, as well as providing other needed expertise. The consultants will be selected and engaged on an individual basis in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB on the engagement of national consultants.
Responsible ADB Officer Yolanda Fernandez Lommen
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
The State Council Ldg Grp Office of Pvrty AllevTan Weipingtanweiping@cpad.gov.cnTaiyanggongbei Street, Beijing, PRC 100028
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Jul 2008
Fact Finding 26 Jul 2008 to 26 Aug 2008
MRM -
Approval 30 Oct 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 05 Aug 2008
Last PDS Update 23 Feb 2011

TA 7159-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Oct 2008 19 Mar 2009 19 Mar 2009 30 Nov 2010 31 Mar 2011 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
400,000.00 0.00 800,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,200,000.00 30 Oct 2008 5,750.00

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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