|Sector / Subsector
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
- Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
- Land-based natural resources management
- Technical and vocational education and training
- Energy efficiency and conservation
- Health sector development and reform
- Health system development
Industry and trade
- Trade and services
Public sector management
- Economic affairs management
- Public administration
- Public expenditure and fiscal management
- Social protection initiatives
Water and other urban infrastructure and services
- Urban housing
- Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
During the Country Programming Mission (10-12 December 2008) held in Manila, the Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) confirmed its request to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for a new facility-type technical assistance (TA) project for the period 2009-2012. Beginning in 2004, ADB has provided four facility-type TA projects to the PRC to deliver flexible and timely knowledge products and services to the government to respond effectively to emerging policies and capacity development needs. The first two facility-type TA, closed respectively in 2006 and 2010, were rated as successful and their outputs were used in formulating emerging policies and strengthening government capacity. In addition to the country-specific facility TA, ongoing regional TA (RETA 6428) also supports the governments of the PRC and Mongolia to develop strategic and timely knowledge products and services (KPS). ADB's responsiveness to the PRC's government requests for policy advice will be critical over the next few years, when the government will (i) prepare the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (12th FYP) (2011-2015), (ii) formulate policy measures and reforms to mitigate the adverse effects of the economic slowdown, and (iii) support the rebalancing of its growth strategy.
Despite the considerable progress the PRC has made in terms of overall economic growth, critical gaps and imbalances remain, including between economic and social development, rural and urban areas, and western and coastal regions. The 2008 global economic crisis has further exacerbated these imbalances, which could pose an obstacle to the achievement of social harmony. The key development constraints to be addressed include (i) low productivity growth, particularly in rural areas and remote regions; (ii) inadequate provision of social services and social protection, particularly in rural areas, remote regions, and among the poor and vulnerable groups; and (iii) weak institutions and capacity as well as constrained knowledge among responsible government agencies.
The government continues to have a critical need for assistance relating to policy recommendations and capacity building, to enable it to quickly and effectively formulate and execute policies to mitigate adverse impacts on its citizens and vulnerable groups in particular during the economic slowdown. The implementation period of the proposed TA will coincide with the period during which the Government formulates the policy directions for the 12th FYP. The proposed TA will strengthen the strategic partnership and cooperation between the PRC and ADB on the country's development agenda, based on the PRC's needs and ADB's strengths. Cooperation under the proposed TA will contribute to achieving the goals of the Government's development agenda and ADB's long-term strategic framework 2008-2020 (Strategy 2020), which incorporate the same strategic agendas: inclusive growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||The strategic goal of ADB's Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) (2008-2010) is to help PRC build a harmonious and moderately prosperous (xiao kang) society through inclusive growth and environmentally sustainable development. While this goal remains unchanged, current global economic turmoil has caused uncertainty that has inevitably changed PRC's priorities in the sequencing of its policies. This TA project builds in flexibility, timeliness, and quality support for reforms and capacity building in priority areas as they arise, and provides leveraged support to the strategic focus areas of ADB operations in PRC. This proposed TA helps to further align ADB assistance with PRC's changing priorities. Particularly, it aims to provide additional knowledge required for efficient and effective project operations and policy formulation and implementation, through policy research, workshops and seminars, research networks, and an up-to-date capacity building program.