Regional: Enhancing Social Protection Initiatives in Developing Member Countries

Sovereign Project | 42133-012

Summary

Social protection is defined as a set of policies and programs to reduce poverty and vulnerability by promoting efficient labor markets, diminishing people's exposure to risks, and enhancing their capacity to protect themselves against hazards and interruption or loss of income. Globalization and rapid economic growth in Asia are helping to reduce income poverty, but ADB's regional member countries are facing new challenges in making socioeconomic growth more inclusive and equitable.

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Project Name Enhancing Social Protection Initiatives in Developing Member Countries
Project Number 42133-012
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6480-REG: Enhancing Social Protection Initiatives in Developing Member Countries
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Health - Health insurance and subsidized health programs

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description Social protection is defined as a set of policies and programs to reduce poverty and vulnerability by promoting efficient labor markets, diminishing people's exposure to risks, and enhancing their capacity to protect themselves against hazards and interruption or loss of income. Globalization and rapid economic growth in Asia are helping to reduce income poverty, but ADB's regional member countries are facing new challenges in making socioeconomic growth more inclusive and equitable. They have raised concerns about (i) the rapidly ageing population the proportion of elderly in Asia's population is expected to triple between now and 2050 (ii) increased internal and trans border migration in China alone there are an estimated 120 million to 180 million internal and 500,000 international migrants (iii) urbanization that is growing by 5% annually by 2015 half of the population is expected to live in urban areas (iv) increasing costs of social services that are barely affordable for low income groups and (v) the rising exposure to natural disasters and economic crises. Traditional family community support systems are declining and can no longer protect the vulnerable against major life changes. Consequently Governments throughout the region are adjusting their social policies and increasingly emphasizing the need to strengthen or introduce formal, effective support systems such as social insurance, social assistance, and social safety nets to guarantee the security of their populations. Many Governments are particularly interested in learning from the experiences of other countries in Asia and elsewhere, as well as being exposed to emerging, new ideas. ADB should be prepared to meet this demand in line with its comparative advantages and mandate under the LTSF II, and in conformity with its regional cooperation and integration strategy. ERD's recently published Policy Brief recognizes the critical role of social protection in achieving inclusive growth in Asia and the Pacific. In 2001, ADB approved its social protection strategy. Operationalization of the strategy has been rather limited . Nonetheless, ADB has included social protection projects and programs in country partnership strategies, and social protection components have been included in selected public finance, health financing, education and rural and urban development loans. In addition, ADB has supported a series of knowledge products on social protection in the region.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Governments throughout the region are adjusting their social policies and increasingly emphasizing the need to strengthen effective support systems such as social insurance, social assistance, and social safety nets to guarantee the security of their population. In the People s Republic of China Country Partnership Strategy, 2008 2010 it was recognized that finance and social services, including social protection are important in sustaining growth and these areas will be supported through technical assistance and knowledge inputs. In the Indonesia Country Strategy and Program (CSP), 2006 2009 it mentioned that the Government considered conditional cash transfer, a form of targeted social protection, as one of the cornerstones of poverty reduction. Moreover, ADB strategic priorities in Indonesia will include strengthening supervision of nonbank financial institutions, including insurance and pension fund industries. In Mongolia s CSP, 2006 2008, one of the concerns raised was the inability of the social security system to provide a reasonable living standard to the aged and the disabled.
Impact More inclusive economic growth in DMCs.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

(i) Increased institutional readiness of ADB in designing and implementing social protection policies and programs.

(ii) Enhanced ADB operations in selected areas of social protection

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Assessment of demand and institutional response prepared

2. Support to new and ongoing social protection initiatives provided

3. Awareness-raising and capacity building activities implemented

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Asia Pacific Region (focus countries to be determined).
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consulting services yet to be determined.
Responsible ADB Officer Sri Wening Handayani
Responsible ADB Department SDCC
Responsible ADB Division Poverty Reduction, Gender and Social Development Div., RSDD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 08 Apr 2008
Fact Finding 10 Mar 2008 to 24 Mar 2008
MRM -
Approval 21 Aug 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 09 May 2008
Last PDS Update 16 Jul 2009

TA 6480-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Aug 2008 - 21 Aug 2008 31 Jan 2010 15 Dec 2011 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 21 Aug 2008 935,472.04

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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