The TA comprises a Chongqing component and a Guizhou component, and aims to help develop balanced and sustainable socioeconomic development strategies for the PRC's poorest municipality (Chongqing) and poorest province (Guizhou).
The Chongqing component will produce a strategic report on promoting social investments in the construction of "five Chongqings" under the framework for unifying urban-rural development. This report will comprise a comprehensive report and five subproject reports on the key emphasis areas e.g., livability, transport, the environment, safety and security, and health (footnote 6). The findings, conclusions, and policy recommendations will be submitted to the government in the form of policy briefs, report summaries, and final reports. The outputs of the Chongqing component will serve as inputs to the municipality's 12th FYP. The Chongqing component will also include consultative workshops and a dissemination conference.
The Chongqing component will address key constraints by reviewing ways to mobilize more private investments. This component will (i) diagnose the constraints to development in the five emphasis areas; (ii) rank the constraints in the order of importance and identify those that most urgently need to be addressed; (iii) prepare a strategy for development based on an analysis of the key constraints, favorable conditions, and their interrelationships; (iv) estimate the costs and resources needed to promote the "five Chongqings" against the background of unifying urban-rural development; (v) draw from experiences and lessons from international best practices; and (vi) provide policy recommendations on how to attract private investment to promote the "five Chongqings."
The Guizhou component will produce a comprehensive report on changing Guizhou's economic development pattern, and will be supported by four sub-reports on: (i) accelerating industrialization in Guizhou; (ii) approaches to and policy reforms for accelerating green urbanization in Guizhou; (iii) more rapid development of hazard-free, green and organic food (as defined in footnote 8); and (iv) approaches to and policy measures for preventing and managing stony desertification. The findings, conclusions, and policy recommendations will be submitted to the government in the form of policy briefs, a summary report, and final reports. The outputs of the Guizhou component will serve as inputs to the province's 12th FYP. The Guizhou component will also include consultative workshops, a dissemination conference, and technical training.
The Guizhou component will focus on optimizing provincial economic development patterns through effective use of natural resources. This component will (i) conduct a thorough diagnosis of constraints to urbanization, industrialization, food development, and stony desertification management; (ii) rank the constraints in terms of importance and identify the most urgent constraints; (iii) develop a development strategy based on an analysis of the key constraints, favorable conditions, and their interrelationships; (iv) draw from experiences and lessons from international best practices; and (v) provide policy recommendations to promote changes in Guizhou's economic development pattern.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||The PRC has made considerable progress in overall economic development in the last three decades, but the benefits have been unevenly distributed among regions. The western region covers 12 provinces or autonomous regions or municipalities, and has benefited less than the east coast from economic growth and reforms. Incomes are lower, poverty is more widespread, and health and education facilities are poorer than the national average. The Government has implemented its western development strategy since 1999 in an effort to rebalance regional development. ADB supports the Government's strategy by allocating more resources to the interior provinces, including loans and TA. The outputs of the previous TA projects for provincial development strategies were highly appreciated by the central and relevant provincial governments. Many policy recommendations and innovative ideas proposed under these TA projects have been reflected in government policy documents. The Government strongly supports continued provision by ADB of such TA.Chongqing and Guizhou are located in the southwestern region, and each has a large rural population. Chongqing was established as the PRC's fourth provincial-level municipality in 1997, and has subsequently experienced robust economic growth. It remains poor, however; in 2008 it ranked 19th of 31 provincial-level units in terms of per capita gross domestic product (GDP). Chongqing was recently selected as the only provincial-level unit to pilot the urban?rural unification strategy, and it was felt that this pilot would benefit from external assistance. Guizhou is the nation's poorest province, with an average per capita GDP of CNY8,284 ($1,298) in 2008, or about one third of the national average of $3,266. Both Chongqing and Guizhou are home to many poor people. Supporting Chongqing and Guizhou in planning their development strategies will contribute to the PRC's poverty reduction, urban?rural unification, western development, and sustainable development strategies.