Samoa: Preparing the Afulilo Environmental Enhancement Project

Sovereign Project | 42152-012 Status: Closed


To help address some of the binding constraints, including community consultations, environmental concerns and impacts to the development of renewable energy resources.

Latest Project Documents

Title Date
Afulilo Environmental Enhancement Sep 2012

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Project Name Preparing the Afulilo Environmental Enhancement Project
Project Number 42152-012
Country Samoa
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7121-SAM: Preparing the Afulilo Environmental Enhancement Project
Japan Special Fund US$ 1.20 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Energy - Large hydropower generation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description To help address some of the binding constraints, including community consultations, environmental concerns and impacts to the development of renewable energy resources.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

With variable international fuel prices, the development of renewable energy in Samoa has become more critical. Fuel imports for FY2008 are estimated to be 27% of total imports, up from 21% in FY2007. Fuel consumption is estimated at 12% of gross domestic product, up from 9% in FY2007. With increased demand in Samoa and projected demand growth in the world market, Samoa's vulnerability to international fuel prices is not expected to be reversed in the near and medium terms. The Government of Samoa (the Government) has requested technical assistance (TA) to help address Samoa's growing exposure to fuel price increases through development of renewable resources for power generation. A major constraint to development of renewable resources in Samoa is social and environmental issues that can be derived to impacts on communities from degrading water quality from the reservoir of the Afulilo Hydropower Project. These impacts and social concerns go beyond the Afulilo Hydropower Project, and have impacted on the ability to develop other hydropower potential.

The Afulilo Hydropower Project was first initiated in the early 1980's when consultations were undertaken with affected people. Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $5.3 million loan to the Government of Samoa in December 1986 as co-financing for the project. Other cofinanciers were the World Bank, the European Investment Bank, the European Union and Australian Agency for International Development. Construction of the project commenced in 1990. Continuous production of electricity commenced in August 1993. In 2001, ADB approved the Power Sector Improvement Project aimed at augmenting the Afulilo Hydropower Project. The loan was cancelled in 2005 due to significant costs increases associated with implementation delays, technical issues, and risks related to procurement. The project completion report (PCR) noted the environmental and social concerns introduced during the construction of the original Afulilo Hydropower Project. But the PCR also noted that augmentation of the Afulilo Hydropower Project, being the country's only storage hydro, remains highly relevant for reducing Samoa's dependence on fuel imports. The Afulilo Hydropower Project, and a possible augmentation of its capacity, is also important for reducing Electric Power Corporation's (EPC) dependence on fuel and for improving its financial management and performance. But addressing the existing social and environmental concerns will be necessary for sustaining and augmenting the Afulilo Hydropower Project.

The proposed TA is included in the (draft) Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) 2008-2012 and supports the Government in implementing the Samoa National Energy Policy (2007). The CPS and the Strategy for the Development of Samoa (2007) emphasizes Samoa's need to develop indigenous and renewable resources to reduce the country's exposure to foreign exchange fluctuations and fuel price increases. Development of renewable energy to help replace diesel generation will help reduce the EPC's and ultimately, consumers' exposure to fuel price increases. The CPS and the power sector roadmap also note the increasing importance of climate change adaptation of key infrastructure assets in Samoa. The proposed TA will investigate the integrity of the dam structure and compliance with the International Committee on Large Dams (ICOLD), and conduct a dam break analysis. The TA places strong emphasis on community consultations, environmental concerns and social impacts, and supplements ADB's ongoing support under the Power Sector Expansion Project.

Impact The energy output from the Afulilo Hydropower Project is increased.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Recommended project scope is agreed by the Government and development partners
Progress Toward Outcome Implementation was delayed by requirement to carry out post-earthquake assessment and as-built structural determination. Completion of phase 1 report and agreement on augmentation option expected to be agreed in early 2011.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Recommended measure to improve dam safety is agreed with the Government and development partners

Measures to improve environmental management of the Afulilo Hydropower Project are agreed with EPC and development partners

Project design incorporates community concerns

Capacity for dam management is improved

Project design incorporates augmentation of the capacity

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Consultants mobilized on 25 May 2009. Inception Mission held in June 2009. Environmental, social, and structural monitoring activities have been completed and augmentation options have been identified. Additional work to carry out post-earthquake assessment and as-built structural determination completed in Dec 2010. Final Phase 1 report to be delivered in Q1 2011.
Geographical Location Samoa
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The Project Steering Committee will provide directional guidance during implementation of the proposed TA to ensure wide government participation and involvement, particularly with regards to addressing key risks. Communities affected by the existing environmental impacts will be directly involved through consultations and dissemination. A feed-back mechanism will be established to ensure that the concerns of the communities are addressed and included in the scope of the Project.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consultants' work is ongoing.
Responsible ADB Officer Paul Hattle
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport, Energy and Natural Resources Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance
Hinauri Petana
Ministry of Finance, P O Box 30017, Apia, Samoa
Concept Clearance 06 Jun 2008
Fact Finding 01 Jul 2008 to 04 Jul 2008
Approval 03 Sep 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 09 Jul 2008
Last PDS Update 21 Mar 2011

TA 7121-SAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
03 Sep 2008 30 Sep 2008 30 Sep 2008 30 Apr 2010 30 Apr 2012 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,200,000.00 0.00 240,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,440,000.00 03 Sep 2008 891,640.47
Title Document Type Document Date
Afulilo Environmental Enhancement TA Completion Reports Sep 2012

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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