The National Urban Policy (NUP) adopted by the government in 2007 gives priority to: (i) achieving a balanced national urban structure by directing infrastructure development and investment; (ii) improving the quality of urban life by building a clean, safe, and well developed urban environment; and (iii) setting up effective urban management by empowering capable local institutions. The 3-year interim plan (FY2008?FY2010) under the policy looks forward to government investments in urban infrastructure and other services, and to local institutions empowered and strengthened to build a clean, safe, and prosperous urban environment. While productivity in the urban areas is higher and poverty substantially lower, infrastructure development and service delivery have fallen behind in those areas. Public investments have not kept pace with the growth of the urban population, swelled (by more than 5% yearly) by internal conflicts and the dearth of economic and employment opportunities in the countryside.
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The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.