ADB is helping Nepal improve access basic urban infrastructure and services in the municipalities of Dharan, Janakpur, Nepalgunj, and Siddharthanagar. The project will implement integrated urban environmental improvements, including drainage systems, solid waste management facilities, and urban roads. It will also undertake community development programs and strengthen the capacity of agencies.
|Project Name||Integrated Urban Development Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services - Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will provide the population in the municipalities of Dharan, Janakpur, Nepalgunj, and Siddharthanagar with better access to municipal infrastructure and services in a socially inclusive manner. In accordance with the priorities of each municipality, integrated urban environmental improvements, including drainage systems, solid waste management (SWM) facilities, and urban roads, will be implemented in Janakpur, Nepalgunj, and Siddharthanagar municipalities. A water supply development subproject will be implemented in Dharan municipality. The project will also undertake community development programs (CDPs), focusing primarily on poverty pockets in the municipalities and communities that may not benefit directly from major infrastructure improvement subprojects. Gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) will be mainstreamed in all subprojects in the municipalities, and the capacity to address GESI in the Ministry of Physical Planning and Works (MPPW) will be strengthened by establishing an appropriate institutional structure and mechanisms for GESI mainstreaming.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The pace of urbanization in Nepal has increased markedly during 2001 2011 with an urban population growth rate of 3.4% per annum, compared with national population growth of 1.4% per annum. In 2011, 17% of the population was estimated to live in urban areas, up from 9.2% in 1991 and 13.9% in 2001. While global experience clearly demonstrates that urbanization is an important driver of economic development, the potential has not been adequately tapped in Nepal. In the absence of a stringent policy regulating and managing growth, uncontrolled and haphazard urban development has created numerous problems, including deficiencies in basic urban services; environmental degradation; encroachment on public land, forests, and river banks; and sprawling settlement development. Most municipalities in Nepal lack properly engineered and operated sanitary landfills, and have limited and intermittent water supply services, poorly maintained road infrastructure, and inadequate drainage systems that cause recurrent waterlogging problems, mainly in the Terai. The Local Self Governance Act mandates a wide range of functions and responsibilities to municipalities, but the lack of financial and qualified human resources and a low level of institutional capacity make providing infrastructure facilities commensurate with the growing demand for services a major challenge. Poor health, caused by the poor urban environment, saps economic growth by reducing labor productivity and educational attainment. Disease, associated economic burden, and premature death disproportionately affect the poor and vulnerable.|
|Impact||Improved urban environment in the municipalities of Dharan, Janakpur, Nepalgunj, and Siddharthanagar|
|Description of Outcome||Population in project municipalities have inclusively better access to improved municipal infrastructure and services.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
Contracts for drainage and road subprojects in Siddharthanagar and Janakpur are being implemented. Physical progress of Siddahrthanangar roads and drainage package-99% (contractor executing the small outstanding works), Janakpur roads and drainage package--54%, Nepalgunj roads and drainage package-completed.
Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) packages for Siddharthanagar and Nepalgunj have already been awarded (18 April 2016 and 13 June 2016, respectively). However, works has not yet been commenced in Siadhharthanagar due to locals' obstruction. The physical progress of Nepalgunj ISWM is 30%. The procurement process for Janakpur ISWM package is yet to be initiated. Similarly, contract for Dharan water supply project is being implemented with a physical progress of 86%. Achievement towards outcome will be assessed in due course of time.
Given the delay in implementation of ISWM subprojects, ADB, upon the request of the Ministry of Finance, is processing the extension of loan/grant closing date to 31 December 2018.
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Reliable municipal infrastructure developed
2. Community development programs undertaken and GESI capacity strengthened.
3. Project management and administration supported.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Output 1-Reliable municipal infrastructure developed:
Under this component, construction/rehabilitation of 115.632 km drainage work is completed-- 42.031 km in Siddharthanagar, 59.391 km in Nepalgunj, and 14.21 km in Janakpur. Similarly, 9.92 km and 7.72 km of urban road is completed in Nepalgunj and Siddharthanagar respectively.
Contracts for integrated solid waste management ISWM) have been awarded for Nepalgunj and Siddharthanagar. However, works have not yet been started in Siddharthanagar due to locals' obstruction. 30% physical progress is noted in Nepalgunj ISWM. ISWM procurement for Janakpur is yet to be started.
In the similar way, progress towards improvement of service levels of existing water supply system in Dharan is as follows.
Laying of 305.17 km of pipe is completed (276.10 km HDPE pipe, 28.16 km of DI pipe; and 0.90 km of GI pipe). Construction of 2 RVTs completed and 1 under construction. Overall progress of Dharan subproject is 86%.
Output 2- Community development programs undertaken and GESI capacity strengthened.
This output is being achieved through the implementation of (i) community development programs in project municipalities and (ii) capacity development activities for gender and social inclusion mainstreaming in the Ministry and project municipalities.
Under Community Development Programs (CDPs), REFLECT classes in poverty clusters are being implemented where out of total 5436 persons, 73% are women (target 50%). Different training under skills and entrepreneurship development are being conducted in all four municipalities. In Dharan, and Janakpur municipalities it is under implementation, in Nepalgunj it is recently started and in Siddharthanagar it is completed. So far total 323 trainees, 116 (65% women), 90 (46% women), 221 (33% women) and 120 (37% women) from Dharan, Janakpur, Siddharthanagar and Nepalgunj municipalities received trainings on different trades respectively. Dharan achieved the target of 50% women but other municipalities are yet to achieve the set target. Out of the total 352783 persons mostly from poverty clusters that got employment opportunities as supervisors/laborers in small community infrastructure works women are only 1.52% in Dharan, 11.8% in both Janakpur and Siddharthanagar and 31% in Nepalgunj as laborers. Low percentage of women in Dharan is because the work is being done in the city core area where women have other sources of income and less need to work as labors. No record of women working as supervisors was noted. Recent field visit to Dharan and Siddharthanagar municipalities showed that GESI related clauses such as equal wages, separate toilets and changing rooms were found to be followed by contractors as per the bidding documents. Women in CDP areas of the municipalities visited showed active participation in REFLECT classes, labor contribution in small scale infrastructures and active participation in operation and maintenance committees.
Output 3- Project management and administration supported.
The PCO is headed by Project Director and supporting project municipalities with Project Management Support Consultant's inputs in implementation of infrastructure improvement and CDP. PIUs in all project municipalities are established. However, the Project Manager of Janakpur and Nepalgunj has dual responsibility responsible for the implementation of DUDBC's program as well as Project. The Mission reminded DUDBC and MOUD on their commitments to full time project manager for each project municipalities.
Timely reporting on the overall progress of the project as well as environmental and social issues has been complied. Also, audited project reports have been submitted on time.
Owing to the slow progress of solid waste management subprojects and Water Supply Improvement Subproject in Dharan, ADB, upon the request of the Ministry of Finance, is processing the extension of loan and grant till 31 December 2018.
Three trainings to upgrade the municipal staff's skills on GESI have been completed where at least 20% participants are female.
|Geographical Location||Dharan Bazar, Janakpur, Nepalgunj, Siddharthanagar|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is classified as environmental category B. Four initial environmental examinations including environmental management plans were prepared in accordance with ADBs Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and government laws, and disclosed. Subprojects are not located in or near sensitive or protected areas, and the initial environmental examinations conclude that no significant adverse impacts are anticipated from proposed locations, designs, and construction activities. The environmental management plans provide adequate mitigation measures to ensure impacts are limited and of short duration. The net environmental benefits will be positive and large, including reduced (i) urban flooding from improved drainage systems, (ii) environmental pollution from improved SWM, and (iii) health and hygiene status as well as the overall environmental sanitation situation of the selected poverty clusters of the project municipalities will be improved through various software and hardware activities under small scale community infrastructure. Implementation arrangements in the PCO build on experience gained through ADB urban projects, and consultant support will enable the PIUs to manage environmental impacts. The PCO has been providing environment safeguard related reports/ documents to ADB as required. The project had been regularly submitting Semiannual Environmental Safeguard Monitoring reports, which have been disclosed in ADB's web site.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project is classified "B" in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement. It has been developed with a view to minimize land acquisition and involuntary resettlement. Where possible, construction activities will take place within the existing right of way. Out of seven subprojects, three SWM sub projects will have land acquisition impacts and insignificant resettlement impacts will have in three road and drainage sub projects. For Dharan Submetropolitan city, resettlement plan has been prepared based on detailed design. Existing resettlement plans for Siddharthanagar and Nepalgunj municipalities prepared during PPTA were updated and submitted to ADB. Resettlement plan for storm water drainage and road in Janakpur and water supply in Dharan has been submitted to ADB. Revised updated Resettlement Plan for Janakpur, Siddharthanagar and Nepalgunj are under preparation.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is classified "C" in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement. Social impact assessments confirmed that indigenous people will not be affected more than the rest of the population and will benefit equally from the socioeconomic opportunities created by the project. A combined indigenous peoples plan and resettlement plan was prepared for three subprojects. Adequate compensation provisions have been made in the combined plan to mitigate the impacts on indigenous people.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||
Urban services are limited outside Kathmandu Valley. Physical limitations restrict further development in the valley, and there is an urgent need to improve the environment in potential urban centers to promote social and economic development in other regions of Nepal. The government, represented by the Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DUDBC), developed the criteria for selecting strategically important towns. Dharan, Janakpur, Nepalgunj, and Siddharthanagar were chosen for the project on the basis of (i) economic growth potential, (ii) demand for urban services, and (iii) urban management capacity. The project directly addresses and conforms to the development policy of Nepal, as expressed in the NUP and Three-Year Plan Approach Paper, by improving the environment of urban centers that work as catalysts for economic development, which will help contribute to the _employment-centric, equitable, and inclusive economic growth_ emphasized by the approach paper.
Urban infrastructure and facilities have tended not to fully recognize social differentials in the needs of women, the poor, and excluded groups. People living in municipal poverty pockets experience discrimination based on gender, caste, and ethnicity, and multiple exclusions constrain their progress and access to services. Their participation in community activities is limited due to lack of access to information and resources, although progress has been made through support for their empowerment and mobilization from various NGOs and development partners. To be effective, urban development must integrate GESI.
|During Project Implementation||
The project is in line with the Nepal country partnership strategy of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), which rests on four pillars: broad-based and inclusive economic growth, inclusive social development, governance and capacity building, and climate change adaptation and environmental sustainability. Reflecting lessons from similar projects, the project (i) focuses on a small number of physically integrated components, to simplify project administration and optimize inter-sector linkages; (ii) is confined to larger municipalities with relatively higher technical and financial capacity to implement the project and create discernable development impacts; (iii) fully involves stakeholders, including communities, in project identification and design from an early stage; (iv) provides capacity development support before project implementation; and (v) addresses enforcement of appropriate regulations as an essential element of managing urban infrastructure effectively.
Therefore as envisioned by the Project, the project coordination office and project implementation units are doing consultation with the concerned stakeholders as and when needed and also been disseminating the relevant project related information to the public. Also due consideration has been given for the meaningful participation of the concerned project stakeholders in reaching project related decisions.
|Consulting Services||Consulting firms have been recruited using ADB's quality- and cost-based selection procedure in accordance with Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by the Asian Development Bank. It was envisaged that about 10 person-months of international consultants and 1,500 person-months of national consultants will be required for the Project. Consultants have been carrying out design, construction and supervision of three drainage works and three road works; three solid waste management works, and one water supply work including one project management and one GESI mainstreaming|
|Procurement||6 ICB out of 7 packages are awarded one for Dharan water supply Improvement; two for solid waste management, and three for storm water drainage and road improvement in Janakpur, Siddharthanagar and Nepalgunjj. Procurement of integrated solid waste management subproject for Janakpur is yet to be initiated. The difficulty in finalizing the land for land fill site attributed for the delay. Recent development is that selection of land for the land fill site has been finalized and procurement process is expected to be started soon.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Sharma, Laxmi|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Nepal Resident Mission|
Ministry of Urban Development
Mr. Binod Chandra Jha
Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal
|Concept Clearance||15 Dec 2010|
|Fact Finding||24 Aug 2011 to 06 Sep 2011|
|Approval||14 Feb 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||11 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|14 Feb 2012||08 May 2012||04 Jul 2012||31 Dec 2017||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||18.50||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||12.00||14 Feb 2012||7.92||0.00||66%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||14 Feb 2012||6.30||0.00||53%|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|14 Feb 2012||08 May 2012||04 Jul 2012||31 Dec 2017||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||65.40||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||44.80||14 Feb 2012||34.18||0.00||88%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||14 Feb 2012||22.37||0.00||58%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Electro-mechanical Engineer||Individual - Consulting||Active||17 Aug 2017||26 Aug 2017|
|Solid Waste Management Engineer||Individual - Consulting||Active||17 Aug 2017||26 Aug 2017|
|Social Safeguard Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||13 Jul 2017||21 Jul 2017|
|Project Management cum Construction Supervision Engineer||Individual - Consulting||Closed||12 Jul 2017||21 Jul 2017|
|Social Safeguard Expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed||13 Apr 2017||27 Apr 2017|
|Solid Waste Management Expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed||13 Apr 2017||27 Apr 2017|
|Electro-mechanical Engineer||Individual - Consulting||Closed||13 Apr 2017||27 Apr 2017|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Integrated Urban Development Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Feb 2015|