Cambodia: Piloting the Post-Harvest Technology and Skills Bridging Program for Rural Poor

Sovereign Project | 42164-012

Summary

The objective is to reduce poverty among the rural poor in Cambodia by improving the post-harvest skills of agricultural producers and enhancing the knowledge and technical skills of youth to meet the demands of industry. The immediate objectives are to (i) increase the value added to agricultural produce through post-harvest skills development and training, and (ii) meet the needs of diversified enterprises through a technical vocational education and training (TVET) skills bridging program for youth.

The grant will create new earning and income opportunities for poor agricultural producers in pilot communes during both on and off-farm seasons, and create business opportunities and access to training and employment for out-of-school youth through improvements in their knowledge and skills that respond to the increasing demands of the labor market.

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Project Name Piloting the Post-Harvest Technology and Skills Bridging Program for Rural Poor
Project Number 42164-012
Country Cambodia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9133-CAM: Piloting the Post-Harvest Technology and Skills Bridging Program for Rural Poor
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Education - Education sector development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The objective is to reduce poverty among the rural poor in Cambodia by improving the post-harvest skills of agricultural producers and enhancing the knowledge and technical skills of youth to meet the demands of industry. The immediate objectives are to (i) increase the value added to agricultural produce through post-harvest skills development and training, and (ii) meet the needs of diversified enterprises through a technical vocational education and training (TVET) skills bridging program for youth.

The grant will create new earning and income opportunities for poor agricultural producers in pilot communes during both on and off-farm seasons, and create business opportunities and access to training and employment for out-of-school youth through improvements in their knowledge and skills that respond to the increasing demands of the labor market.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Country Strategy and Program Midterm Review in 2007, and the 2008 Cambodia Country Programming Mission recognized the need to strengthen the links between technical and vocational education and training, and rural development. There is demand for skills to meet the demands of a diversifying economy and to provide access to a strong and sustainable platform for continuing economic growth. This is also in line with the Government?s Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity, and Efficiency (2004) and the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP: 2006-2010), which recognize that a ?critical mass? of educated, skilled, talented and capable human resources is the backbone of the country.
Impact Reduce the degree of poverty in the target communes in Cambodia.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased net income and greater employment opportunities among rural poor with improved knowledge and skills.
Progress Toward Outcome

The constructed 4 food-safety testing laboratories were fully equipped with basic food-safety testing equipment since December 2010, and 20 lab managers were trained on how to operate the equipment in January 2011. All labs are operational and used for food processing and hygiene trainings and demonstration. Post-harvest (PH) and food processing (FP) certificate level 1 program and a two-year diploma program on food hygiene and processing are being planned at MoLVT's Regional Polytechnic Institutes and National Polytechnic Institutes of Cambodia (NPIC). These programs are essential in responding to the rising job prospect in the food industry as well as one of the means for income generation of local agricultural producers. In addition, the NPIC is playing emerging role as food processing and hygiene training institution for trainers from other MoLVT's Technical Training Centres.

As of 17 September 2012, the cumulative number of PHT and FP graduates is 5,509 (80% is female). The number of PH and FP graduates, who have applied their knowledge and skills gained from the training is 2,905 (or 54%).

The cumulative number of youth graduated the Skills Bridging (SB) program remains 699 (42% is female) of which 406 (or 58%) are attending Level 1 and 2 of the formal TVET certificate program as of September 2012. An additional 589 youth are studying in the final phase 3, which is expected to be completed by end of September and follow by an entrance exam for certificate Level 1 in early October 2012.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Output 1: PHT skills development program successfully pilot tested in the four project locations

Output 2: TVET skills bridging program successfully pilot tested in the four project locations

Output 3: DGTVET effectively managing project implementation

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

For Output 1:

As of 17 September 2012, the cumulative number of graduates is 5,509 (80% is female). The project has already trained commune assistants from 44 selected communes so that they can play supporting role for community-based post harvest technology. The trainees found all the training subjects/topics interesting, highly beneficial and more scientific compared to their traditional methods.

For Output 2:

As of 17 September 2012, there are 699 youth (42% is female) or 100% against the targeted indicator have already graduated from the SB program. Of which, 406 (or 58%) are continuing to Level 1 and 2 of the formal TVET certificate program. In addition, there were 116 SB graduates have been employed (94 for wage and 22 for self employment). Moreover, 589 youth (50% is female) are studying in the final phase 3, which is expected to to be completed by end of September and follow by an entrance exam for certificate Level 1 in early October 2012.

For Output 3:

There has been rapid understanding and learning among participating NGOs and concerned officers of TTCs and DGTVET. The EA has produced the required tools, materials and systems required to strengthen planning, management and monitoring functions at all levels and thus ensure a controlled and timely delivery of planned outputs and activities. The quality of the reports has been improved and the financial management of the Project Coordination Unit (PCU) is satisfactory. All capacity building activities were completed in August 2012.

Geographical Location Kampot, Battambang, Siem Reap and Phnom Penh
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Eight (8) individual consultants will be recruited to provide technical support to the Project management and implementation, as well as to build long-term institutional development and capacity for planning, management, delivery of the two pilot programs: (i) Pilot testing of Post Harvest skills development program, and (ii) Pilot testing of TVET skills bridging program which are new areas for the TVET subsector. The team of specialists will provide approximately 94 person-months of consulting services (21 person-months international and 73 person-months national). The international consultants will comprise the following: (i) TVET Institutional and Policy Development, and Community Capacity Building Specialist, Team Leader, (9 person-months intermittent for 3 years); (ii) Post Harvest Technology Specialist-Processing, Preserving, Packaging (6 person-months); and (iii) TVET Skills Bridging Specialist (6 person-months). The national consultants will comoprise the following: (i) Community Development and TVET Institutional Development Specialist, Deputy Team Leader, (36 person-months); (ii) Post Harvest Technology Specialist-Processing, Preserving, Packaging (12 person-months); (iii) Post Harvest Technology Marketing Specialist (8 person-months intermittent for 1 year); (iv) TVET Skills Bridging Specialist (12 person-months); and (v) Civil Works Specialist (5 person-months, intermittent for 6 months).
Responsible ADB Officer Sophea Mar
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Labor and Vocational TrainingH.E. Pich Sophoansophoanpich@camnet.com.kh3, Russian Federation Blvd., Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 02 Jul 2008
Fact Finding 02 Jul 2008 to 02 Jul 2008
MRM -
Approval 20 Apr 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 01 Aug 2008
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2012

Grant 9133-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Apr 2009 02 Jul 2009 02 Jul 2009 02 Jul 2012 31 Oct 2012 19 Apr 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.21 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 20 Apr 2009 0.00 1.87 93%
Counterpart 0.21 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 20 Apr 2009 0.00 1.87 93%

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Evaluation Documents

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