Cambodia: Emergency Food Assistance Project - Additional Financing

Sovereign Project | 42186-014 Status: Approved


On 2 October 2008, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved the Emergency Food Assistance Project with a $17.5 million Grant and SDR11.126 million loan financing. The project was designed to improve the immediate food security of approximately 500,000 poor and vulnerable people affected by high food prices.

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Project Name Emergency Food Assistance Project - Additional Financing
Project Number 42186-014
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0302-CAM: Additional Financing for Emergency Food Assistance Project
Global Agri and Food Security Program US$ 24.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming

On 2 October 2008, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved the Emergency Food Assistance Project with a $17.5 million Grant and SDR11.126 million loan financing. The project was designed to improve the immediate food security of approximately 500,000 poor and vulnerable people affected by high food prices.

This would be achieved through (i) compensatory consumption support, (ii) productivity enhancement support, and (iii) capacity development for emergency response to food crisis and project management. The Ministry of Economy and Finance is the executing agency, and the central project management unit (CPMU) set up within the Ministry of Economy and Finance has been implementing the project. A major change in scope was approved in June 2009 to adjust the original design to address increased vulnerability due to the global economic crisis. A 1-year extension of project closing date was approved in September 2011. Under the project, a series of time-bound interventions have been implemented without any major delays. The last review mission (25 November - 7 December 2011) reported that the project exceeded the original targets and the intended outputs and outcome have been successfully achieved.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The project is performing well based on the criteria in ADB's Additional Financing Policy:

(i) the strong capacity of the Ministry of Economy and Finance to coordinate and implement multisector interventions and achieve the intended outputs and outcome without any major delay; (ii) good contract awards and disbursement records against projections; (iii) compliance with covenants including safeguards; and (iv) successful management of risks by (a)partnering with the private sector to use the established storage and distribution system, (b) distributing agricultural inputs in a transparent and participatory manner, and (c)empowering the community to carry out supervision, monitoring, and implementation of food-for-work and cash-for-work (CFW) schemes.

While the intention was to provide one-off emergency countermeasures under the project, the original scope has evolved based on lessons learned and implementation needs to include interventions that address structural constraints faced by many poor smallholders that cause low productivity. In particular, a CFW scheme, including a small-scale civil works contract, was introduced as a result of the major change to complement machine-based works with labor-based soil works to improve tertiary canals and roads for increased production and market access. Quality seed production was introduced based on the recommendation of the midterm project review in July 2010 and through minor change in scope approved on 20 September 2010 to sustain increases in rice yields (40% - 47% on average).

Quality seed production and sales at affordable prices increased local availability to poor smallholders, which in turn is creating demand for quality seeds and contributing to the development of quality seed production.

Formulation of the recommendations for the emergency food reserve system was an original output of the project. The recommendations were endorsed by the National Food Security Task Force in June 2011 and the prime minister in July 2011, and the project was extended by 1 year to draft a subdecree, agreements, and standard operating procedures and to carry out consultations for the establishment of the Cambodia Food Reserve System using the grant savings. The finalized subdecree will be submitted for legal approval and is expected to be approved by the prime minister in August 2012. The Cambodia Food Reserve System is one of the government's efforts to develop a long-term mechanism to build resilience at the country and household levels to minimize food insecurity, avoid negative coping strategies, and maintain farm production.

The Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP) approved a provisional allocation of $39.1 million to Cambodia.6 ADB participates in the GAFSP as a supervising entity. The government, GAFSP Steering Committee, and ADB agreed to utilize an allocation of $24.5 million from the GAFSP as additional financing to the project to implement the Cambodia GAFSP components 1 (Raising Agricultural Productivity) and 3 (Reducing Risk and Vulnerability). This would (i) improve synergies and maximize the development impacts, ii) avoid duplication and the risk of exceeding the absorptive capacity of the institutions in charge of agriculture and food security investments, and (iii) utilize the existing implementation structure to realize faster disbursement.

Impact Reduced vulnerability of food insecure households in the target provinces
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved access to sufficient and nutritious food by food insecure households in the target provinces
Progress Toward Outcome

The project is on track and is progressing to achieve outcome.

As of 30 September 2014, the project's overall progress is estimated at about 73.20 against an elapsed grant period of 72.80%. The cumulative contract awards and cumulative disbursements are $18.73 million, equivalent to 76% and $13.01 million (including advance), and equivalent to 53%, respectively.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Increased availability, access and awareness of nutritious food and hygiene among the food-insecure households

2. Increased access to improved agricultural inputs and technologies among food-insecure farmers and women

3. Improved capacity to respond to food emergency

4. Project Management Strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

745,554 labour days days generated.

290.50 km of rural road, including rural road rehabilitated under cash-for-work (CFW) scheme, rehabilitated.

8,854 ha of land

34.5% female representation in committees (271 out of a total of 785 members), 62% female beneficiaries (12,459 out of a total of 24,901) as participants in CFW projects.

Over 23,000 farmers participated in the 2013 wet/dry season distribution/sales.

1,327.575 tons of rice seeds produced (incl. the 1st surplus production of 91.325 tons by three Farmer Associations (FAs) and a purchase of 36.75 tons from two FAs). 308 tons were lost due to flood 2013.

30.313 tons vegetable seed produced (incl. the 1st surplus production of 1.898 tons for five types of seeds).

400 SHGs have been formed.

CARD conducted two days refresher training for National Trainer Pool for Food Security and Nutrition and eight FSN trainings. Following refresher training course, the National Trainer Pool for FSN is entrusted to conduct national and provincial FSN trainings.

Nine district level FSN Trainings were organized in two selected districts in each of Kampong Cham, Prey Veng, Preah Vihear, Kampong Thom and Otdar Meanchey Province. 286 District/Commune officials including 84 women officials participated in the trainings.

CPMU conducted a series of seminars and meetings to sensitize the line departments and local authorities including officials from project provinces, districts and communes. A total of 55,486 ID poor households were identified in target communes. Baseline surveys finalized, Project Performance Monitoring System (PPMS) was designed. CPMU also carried out a series of capacity development activities to strengthen the project management and monitoring capacity of the IAs and PPMUs.

Coaching courses on the use GPS and field GPS data collection were provided staff of PPMUs, PDRDs and PDWRAMs so as to collect waypoint data of CFW and CW roads and canals to upload to project website and design map layer. Till date, GPS training was conducted in 8 provinces, Kampong Speu, Takeo, Prey Veng, Svay Rieng, Kampong Cham, Kampong Thom, Preah Vihear and Siem Reap and a total of 28 PPMUs/IAs officials participated in the trainings;

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Not applicable.
Involuntary Resettlement Not applicable.
Indigenous Peoples Not applicable.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultation with civil society and donors were carried out during the fact-finding stage and throughout the processing stage to get their inputs to the design, avoid overlap and foster synergies.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants (international and national), including the NGOs will be recruited by ADB in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (April 2010, as amended from time).
Procurement The Project will entail procurement of rice seeds, fertilizers, vehicles, office equipment and many other activities such cas: (a) cash for work program (including civil works contract), (b) food use and nutrition training for women and children, (c) home gardening, and (d) basic health, hygiene, and sanitation training; (ii) increased access to improved agricultural inputs and technologies through (a) quality seed and fertilizer distribution, (b) quality seed production, (c) diversified livelihood (livestock and aquaculture), and (d) emergency preparedness and mitigation in agriculture; (iii) improved capacity to mainstream food security through (a) an improved food security and nutrition monitoring and evaluation system, and (b) improved institutional coordination supporting food security at the national and provincial levels; and (iv) effective project implementation and management.. All procurement to be financed under the Project will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (April 2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Piseth Long
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Economy and Finance
Street 92, Sangkat Wat Phnom
Khan Daun Penh, Phnom Penh City
Concept Clearance 21 May 2012
Fact Finding 01 Mar 2012 to 19 Mar 2012
MRM 18 May 2012
Approval 11 Sep 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Oct 2014

Grant 0302-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
11 Sep 2012 28 Sep 2012 12 Oct 2012 30 Jun 2015 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 27.74 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 11 Sep 2012 0.00 23.59 96%
Counterpart 3.24 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 24.50 11 Sep 2012 0.00 23.48 96%

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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