Cambodia: Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin

Sovereign Project | 42285-012

Summary

The project area will tentatively include Serei Saophoan, Siem Riep, Kampong Thom, Battambang, Pursat, and Kampong Chhnang, which all have important roles as service centers for surrounding agriculture and value chain development. The project will support about two subprojects per town, which are yet to be decided. Options for private sector participation in infrastructure financing and management will also be studied. The details of each output will be determined following the priorities identified by the strategic urban development plans that will be prepared under the project preparatory technical assistance (TA). A grant by ADB will support capacity development for urban management as a parallel activity.

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Project Name Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin
Project Number 42285-012
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7986-CAM: Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 700,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Other urban services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project area will tentatively include Serei Saophoan, Siem Riep, Kampong Thom, Battambang, Pursat, and Kampong Chhnang, which all have important roles as service centers for surrounding agriculture and value chain development. The project will support about two subprojects per town, which are yet to be decided. Options for private sector participation in infrastructure financing and management will also be studied. The details of each output will be determined following the priorities identified by the strategic urban development plans that will be prepared under the project preparatory technical assistance (TA). A grant by ADB will support capacity development for urban management as a parallel activity.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The project will promote integrated urban environmental management of towns around the Tonle Sap Basin in Cambodia by providing priority infrastructure and strengthening the institutional capacity of local authorities. These interventions will develop these towns to complement agricultural and industrial development. These towns will become support centers for the proliferation of the rural economy, trade, and industrial value chain development. Priority subsectors for intervention are sanitation, solid waste management, and flood control.

Cambodia has recorded sustained growth in recent years. The economy grew by about 8% per annum between 2000 and 2003 and just over 10% per annum between 2004 and 2007. The national poverty ratio stands at 34%. The main determinants of economic growth since the mid-1990s have been a relatively stable macroeconomic environment, prudent domestic financial policies, and the creation of critical market economy institutions following years of conflict and socialist economic orientation. Recent economic growth derives from a narrow base comprised of garment, tourism, construction, and, to a more limited extent, agriculture. Agriculture's contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) is declining with the economy's structural shift toward industry and services. The urban-based economy in Cambodia constitutes the most important share of the national economy. The bulk of the secondary and tertiary establishments and employment are located in towns and cities, while all primary sector employment is in the villages. Deliberate urban growth policies in secondary cities and smaller towns are expected to contribute to poverty reduction in those provinces. Further, rural households in most countries derive a considerable percentage of their incomes from non-agricultural and non-rural activities through informal employment and petty trade. While the current urban population ratio stands at 20% with 2.6 million in 2008 (census of 2008), the urban sector probably accounts for about 50% of GDP. The urban-based labor force is much more productive than the agricultural labor force, which accounts for 75% of the total population.

There is strong economic justification for investment in Cambodia's urban development. Urban areas, which have made a major contribution to economic growth and poverty reduction, are growing rapidly yet unevenly across the country. Medium-sized urban areas, where economic specialization is taking place, are growing in importance. Also, the urban development agenda is closely linked with development of agriculture and natural resources, transport, and water and sanitation. The urbanization trend is further strengthened by the market orientation of the economy and the regional policy of open borders.

Impact Cities and towns in the Tonle Sap Basin realize their development potential to support growth of economy and services
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Imrpoved urban environment (and climate change resilience) in cities and towns in the Tonle Sap Basin is achieved
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Solid waste management facilities are improved

Drainage improved

Riverbanks are protected

Sanitation infrastructure is developed

Institutional capacity of EA and IA are strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Participatory and stakeholder workshops conducted during the project preparation to determine design to understand beneficiaries' views and expectations of the proposed project. A stakeholder analysis has been completed and a draft stakeholder participation and communication plan has been prepared. Consultations are ongoing in the selected towns during the due diligence period.
During Project Implementation A draft stakeholder participation and communication plan has been prepared and will be confirmed. It will be implemented during project implementation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants will be engaged through firm(s). The TA will require 7 positions and 13 person-months (pm) of international consulting services and 10 positions and 45 pm of national consulting services. ADB will select and engage consultants according to ADB's Guidelines on Use of Consultants (April 2010, as amended from time to time). An international consulting firm shall be hired by following quality and cost-based selection (QCBS) method, using the QCBS (80:20). A simplified technical proposal will be required.
Responsible ADB Officer Anupma Jain
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Public Works and Transport1st Floor West Building,
Corner Norodom Boulevard Street 106
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 12 Aug 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 13 Dec 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 19 Nov 2014

TA 7986-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2011 17 Jan 2012 17 Jan 2012 31 Oct 2012 01 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 700,000.00 13 Dec 2011 660,855.47
Title Document Type Document Date
Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin Technical Assistance Reports Dec 2012

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