Nepal: Support for Targeted and Sustainable Development Programs for Highly Marginalized Groups

Sovereign Project | 42321-012

Summary

The objective of the project is to provide targeted support to several of

the most disadvantaged communities in Nepal.

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Project Name Support for Targeted and Sustainable Development Programs for Highly Marginalized Groups
Project Number 42321-012
Country Nepal
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9159-NEP: Support for Targeted and Sustainable Development Programs for Highly Marginalized Groups
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.70 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Multisector - Multisector
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

The objective of the project is to provide targeted support to several of

the most disadvantaged communities in Nepal.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The need for targeted interventions is thus much warranted to reach out to those who have remained excluded. The concept for the proposed JFPR project materialized from the feedback from the regional consultations held during the Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) midterm review in 2008. An overwhelming response was received, especially from the local people, on the gap in reaching out to the most excluded groups despite the Government's and development partners' focus on inclusive development in recent years. The need for targeted programs, in parallel with mainstreaming interventions, was thus highlighted. The project has a direct linkage to the CPS (2005?2009) which identifies inclusive social development as one of its four pillars. The social empowerment focus of the project is highly relevant with ADB's Indigenous People Policy which highlights the need to "legally recognize the ancestral domain and traditional rights of indigenous people over land and resources and their right to direct the course of their own development and change." The Government's poverty reduction strategy has also been highlighting inclusive development and the need for targeted programs since the Tenth Plan (FY2003?FY2007) and the Three Year Interim Plan (FY2008?FY2010) identifies, as one of its pillars, the need to adapt an inclusive development process and carryout targeted programs.
Impact Reduced income and non-income poverty and empowerment among target populations in the pilot districts
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Enhanced participation by men and women of the target groups in local decision making processes and

economic activities

Progress Toward Outcome --
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Socioeconomic condition of target groups in the pilot districts ascertained

Target group members socially empowered

Microenterprise development package implemented

Institutional and managerial capacity of community organizations of target groups enhanced in the pilot districts

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed. The project has identified 2,000 of the poorest households to be supported by the project. A total of 500 households are selected in Mahottari district targeting Terai Dalits, and 500 households in Surkhet district targeting hill Dalits. Among the indigenous groups targeted by the project, 500 households of Kumal, 250 of Majhi and 250 of Bote have been selected across Nawalparasi, Tanahu, Palpa, Parbat, Syangja, Gulmi, and Baglung.

80 Social Mobilizers (SMs) (58% women), have been recruited and trained on participatory rural appraisal, REFLECT, and social mobilization techniques. They are providing implementation support in the project areas. All SMs are from the target communities itself.

All REFLECT groups (80 groups) are involving in REFLECT sessions. Till date, 88.37% of the total 2,000 participants (87.66% women) are participating in REFLECT classes on regular basis (at least twice a week). Groups have been advocating on various issues such as violence against women, access to local resources, participation in decision making process of local government bodies like VDC councils etc.

Group members have been provided basic entrepreneurship training. All the 80 groups have established a revolving fund and opened the group's bank account.

A total of 86 business proposals have been submitted by the 80 groups, which have all been approved by the Grant Assessment Committe. To date, contract agreements have been signed with 40 groups.

All 80 groups have thier own consitution and are registered in the District Agriculture Development Office or District Livestock Services Office, thereby giving them formal state recognition. As registered members, the groups are entitled to received government-sponsored training and extension support.

Geographical Location Nepal
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples A
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects There will be no adverse environmental concerns related to the project components.
Involuntary Resettlement The project will not cause any involuntary resettlement.
Indigenous Peoples

The project is a targeted intervention to support highly marginalized indigenous people therefore all project components are designed to directly benefit them. Hence no separate IPDP and IPDF are required. Continuous consultation with IPs is a part of the Grant. Because of the benefits, IPs are the beneficiaries of the Grant.

A reliable scientific method was applied to identify the poorest of the poor 2000 households (HHs) in which 500 HHs from Terai and 500 HHs from Hill Dalit, 500 HH from Kumal, 250 HHs from Majhi and 250 HH from Bote were identified.

80 SMs (all indigenous people) with 58.75% women recruited and trained on PRA, REFLECT, and social mobilization techniques.

All REFLECT groups (80 groups) are involving in REFLECT sessions. Till date, 88.37% of the total 2000 participants (87.66% women) are participating in REFLECT classes on regular basis (at least twice a week). In an average 85 % of the total targeted population (97.36% women) participated in the social campaign.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project concept was formulated after extensive stakeholder consultations during the midterm review of the CPS (2005 2009), held between January and April 2008, when concerns were raised regarding outreach to the most vulnerable groups. A series of consultations were organized in Kathmandu and the project districts between October 2008 and March 2009 to discuss major constraints to the development of highly marginalized groups and how best to support them. A fact-finding mission was fielded intermittently from 8 September to 21 October 2009 to further develop the proposal. Consultations were held with development partners, particulary JICA, GTZ, DFID, AusAID and New Zealand Aid Programme.
During Project Implementation The last review mission was fielded from 7-19 July 2014.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Project Management and Support Consultant recruited. One Project Management Team in center and Project Implementation Units in four districts established under the consultantng firm.
Procurement No major procurement of goods and works. Few small packages using shopping method.
Responsible ADB Officer Arun S. Rana
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Federal Affair and Local DevelopmentSECRETARY@MLD.GOV.NPSingha Durbar
Nepal
Timetable
Concept Clearance 08 Jul 2009
Fact Finding 08 Sep 2009 to 22 Oct 2009
MRM -
Approval 30 Mar 2011
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 01 Sep 2009
Last PDS Update 19 Feb 2015

Grant 9159-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Mar 2011 08 Jun 2011 08 Jun 2011 31 Oct 2015 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.78 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 30 Mar 2011 0.00 2.14 79%
Counterpart 0.08 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.70 30 Mar 2011 0.00 1.63 60%

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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