Cambodia: Rural Roads Improvement Project

Sovereign Project | 42334-013 Status: Active


ADB is helping Cambodia provide all-year road access in remote agricultural areas in seven provinces located mostly around the Tonle Sap Basin. The project will pave 505.4 kilometers of roads, promote road safety, and provide training and capacity building support for staff and agencies. It also includes climate change adaptation measures and support for emergency preparedness and response.

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name Rural Roads Improvement Project
Project Number 42334-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2670-CAM: Rural Roads Improvement Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 35.00 million
Loan: Rural Roads Improvement Project
Export-Import Bank of Korea US$ 19.35 million
Nordic Development Fund US$ 5.40 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome The overall project progress as of end March 2016 is 99.6%, which showed 0.3% delay from the planned schedule. All 6 civil works are completed. Activities for road safety, HIV prevention and road asset management have been completed. Climate change adaptation financed by NDF is ongoing, with delays. Last review mission was undertaken during 6-11 December 2015. MRD organized an International Road Safety Seminar in Siem Reap during 13-16 Dec 2015, supported by the road safety consultant of the project. During the seminar, unique knowledge gathered by implementing the output, mainly through ADB's and PMU's efforts, was disseminated to key stakeholders of rural road safety. The event was successful.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Projects Roads Rehabilitated - There are five contract packages of civil works, CW-B, CW-C, CW-D, CW-E and CW-F under ADB financing. Constructions are completed. 3.5 km of concrete pavement works added to the project output through the variation order to CW-C. The works started in March 2016 and will be completed in June 2016. With the saving of project budget, additional minor civil works package for road safety (CW-G) was started in March 2016, and the works will be completed by the end of June 2016.

2. Improved MRD Road Asset Management - Prakas for axle load control was approved by Minister of MRD and was issued. The procurement for the axle load control equipment and support facilities are completed. National level workshop for axle load control on rural roads was taken place in September 2015. All activities was completed at the end of December 2015.

3. Increased Road Safety and Awareness of Potential Social Problems - Providing TOT training to school teachers, and youth groups including awareness with parents on helmet wearing, cyclist safety, pedestrian safety and safety school zone (SSZ) were completed. International Road safety seminar was taken place during 13-16 December 2015. All activities were completed at the end of December 2015.

The activities on HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention were completed in May 2015.

The Social and Environment Office (SEO) was created by MRD to prepare reports on the LGAP. LGAP reports are timely but require more detail particularly on (i) specifics of training conducted, and (ii) issues and challenges. Results against LGAP targets have slipped, and the cumulative female unskilled labor participation is currently 31.4% (May 2015). There have been difficulties in two areas: (i) difficulty in attracting women participation due to culture; and (ii) abrupt absenteesm of women from work or quitting due to family priority.

4. Reduced Vulnerability of Project Roads to Climate Change - Activities by the climate change adaptation consultant are ongoing. Tree planting ceremony was held on 19 May 2015, attended by NDF in Kampong Speu Province along 1KS4. Tree planting was completed in December 2015. Implementation of Flood black spots improvement in three provinces and emergency management are ongoing and will be completed in December 2016.

5. Efficient Project Management - The total personnel of PMU staff and Project Implementation Units (PIMUs) of provinces is 82. Out of this 11 are women (13%). The PMU proposed to recruit new staff, 2 women to assist in road safety, and climate change adaptation outputs and 1 male to assist in the road asset management output. Those new staffs will continue to work for the RRIP II.

Activities are ongoing in training staff of PMU and MRD in social, environment, and gender issues.

SEO was established in 2012 and now has 7 staff (3 females and 4 males). SEO conducted road safety awareness and education for teachers and students by visiting schools in the project area.

Geographical Location 7 Provinces around Tonle Sap basin and other areas

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects All civil works contracts have been completed. The roads visited during the review mission in December 2015 were generally clean and are without construction spoils on them and in adjacent agricultural lands. Clean-up and most post-construction mitigation measures have been implemented satisfactorily. Sites that were used as materials, equipment and fuel storage areas during construction have been cleaned and restored. However, some borrow pits that are now being used as water reservoirs need warning signs indicating the water depth. In particularly deep pits, some flotation devices or ropes may be necessary for safety. Safety on the new roads could be a problem and PMU, PDRD and ADB agreed to enhance information, education and communication efforts on road and traffic safety. Although no major environmental issues have been encountered in this Project, full compliance to some EMP mitigation measures is a problem that is continuously addressed through corrective actions.
Involuntary Resettlement There are no project issues with social safeguards.
Indigenous Peoples None expected.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services All consultants financed by ADB will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Procurement Procurement of all ADB financed goods and civil works will be in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. International competitive bidding wil be adopted for all civil works contracts. National competitive bidding for goods will be adopted for contracts estimated between $100,000 and $500,000. Shopping will be used for contracts of less than $100,000.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Shihiru Date
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Rural Development
169 Corner Road Soviet Blvd.
Phnom Penh


Concept Clearance 16 Feb 2011
Fact Finding 08 Jan 2010 to 18 Jan 2010
MRM 09 Jul 2010
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 22 Jan 2010
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

Loan 2670-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2010 22 Oct 2010 06 Jan 2011 30 Jun 2016 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 59.75 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 35.00 23 Sep 2010 34.13 0.00 99%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 24.75 23 Sep 2010 31.96 0.00 93%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Rural Roads Improvement Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Dec 2015
Loan Agreement for Rural Roads Improvement Project between Kingdom of Cambodia and Asian Development Bank Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Oct 2010
Rural Roads Improvement Project Project/Program Administration Manual Sep 2010
Rural Roads Improvement Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Aug 2010
Rural Roads Improvement Project Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies Aug 2010
Rural Roads Improvement Project: Gender Action Plan: Labor and Gender Mainstreaming Action Plan Gender Action Plans Aug 2010

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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