|During Project Design
A participatory process was used during the project preparatory stage and consultations, collaborative decision making and empowerment exercises were carried out with women, the landless, scheduled tribe, and other vulnerable groups in the subproject area using participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques. An inventory of local needs was prepared, encompassing problems/constraints related to: (i) water resources in relation to domestic agriculture, fisheries, environment, and other uses; (ii) possible solutions to resolve the constraints identified; and (iii) implications of solutions for poverty reduction. The role of service providers, people's willingness to contribute to operations and maintenance (O&M), and the scope of enhancing impacts of water interventions with others such as micro credit and extension services were also discussed. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) were engaged to facilitate this process. The project preparatory technical assistance (Pani Panchayat TA) identified the future course of action and mechanisms to institutionalize community participation.
The community expectations of the benefits and impacts of the Program are: (i) increased agriculture and fish production, (ii) more opportunities for disadvantaged groups to become involved in farming and non farming activities, and (iii) increased income opportunities. All women interviewed expected to benefit mainly by employment and income generation through improved post harvest work, livestock and fish production, farm and homestead production, cottage industries, improved water supply and sanitation services, and access to credit.
|During Project Implementation
||The JFPR project fully involves rural poor people, particularly disadvantaged people of scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, and women. The project will introduce a participatory budget allocation, transparent budget expenditure, and beneficiary scorecard systems under a public audit approach to ensure the effective involvement of the beneficiaries in deciding how the project budget will be allocated and to monitor how the project has spent the allocated budget. At the same time, there will be participatory performance monitoring to oversee the implementation of delivery of quality training and skills programs, delivery of funds (livelihood support and income generation fund), and supply of equipment (agricultural tools and micro irrigation facilities). For this purpose community scorecards will be used to assess the quality of the services. The participatory systems will ensure public accounting and increased transparency of financial management by the lead NGO and grassroots CBOs/NGOs. They will make available project financial data and expenditures on public notice boards and through the media.