India: Capacity Building & Livelihood Enhancement of Poor Water Users

Sovereign Project | 42338-012

Summary

Improve the livelihoods of poor water users, including marginal cultivators, women, scheduled tribes, and scheduled castes of the subproject irrigation schemes, building on the multiple benefit potentials delivered by improved irrigation and its management system.

Strengthen participation and equal representation of women, scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, and marginal cultivators in the Pani Panchayats (or water users associations) of four subproject irrigation schemes for enhanced and equitable water distribution and better maintenance of water distribution structures to minimize water wastage and maximize income.

Improve the capacities of the Department of Water Resources (DOWR) and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) in the functional areas of training, consultancy, and information services for proportional and inclusive participation in Pani Panchayats, and to properly monitor this.

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Project Name Capacity Building & Livelihood Enhancement of Poor Water Users
Project Number 42338-012
Country India
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9134-IND: Capacity Building & Livelihood Enhancement of Poor Water Users
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture and Natural Resources - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

Improve the livelihoods of poor water users, including marginal cultivators, women, scheduled tribes, and scheduled castes of the subproject irrigation schemes, building on the multiple benefit potentials delivered by improved irrigation and its management system.

Strengthen participation and equal representation of women, scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, and marginal cultivators in the Pani Panchayats (or water users associations) of four subproject irrigation schemes for enhanced and equitable water distribution and better maintenance of water distribution structures to minimize water wastage and maximize income.

Improve the capacities of the Department of Water Resources (DOWR) and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) in the functional areas of training, consultancy, and information services for proportional and inclusive participation in Pani Panchayats, and to properly monitor this.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy India's 10th Five-Year Plan (2002-2007) focuses on promoting equitable growth through sustainable agriculture, irrigation, and rural development. Development of agriculture, irrigation, and rural development are also important for the state of Orissa. According to the Five-Year Plan (2002-2007) and the draft Vision 2020, increased productivity in agriculture is the primary goal to achieve reduced poverty. The India country operations business plan for 2007-2009 is consistent with the broad strategies of India and Orissa and includes agriculture, rural infrastructure (including irrigation), and sustainable water management projects following the country strategy and program for India (2003-2006). The country operations business plan includes assistance for lagging states such as Orissa to support the Government of India's efforts to reduce disparities between states.
Impact Reduced poverty and better performance of Pani Panchayat in 4 irrigation schemes.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved livelihoods and increased equitable representation of disadvantaged people in the Pani Panchayat of 4 subproject irrigation schemes (Gohira, Sunei, Remal, and Taladanda).
Progress Toward Outcome Limited progress achieved due to delay in the implementation. DOWR therefore requests an extension until 31 March 2017 to ensure support to all common interest groups. ADB expects to receive a formal request for extension through DEA by 15 Aug 2015.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Income of poor water users, including marginal cultivators, women, scheduled tribes, and scheduled castes improved.

2. Participation and equal representation of women, scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, and marginal cultivators in the Pani Panchayats for enhanced and equitable water distribution, and better maintenance of water distribution structures strengthened.

3. The capacities of DOWR and NGOs in the functional areas of training, consultancy, and information services for proportional and inclusive participation in the Pani Panchayat improved.

4. Project management and implementation

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Identification and validation of vulnerable households in all the villages in 21 PPs have been completed. CIG formation in progress. Preparatory activities for disbursing grant funds to CIGs in progress.

Identification and validation of vulnerable households in all villages in 20 PPs have been completed. CIG formation in progress. Preparatory activities for disbursing grant funds to CIGs in progress.

Identification and validiation of vulnerable households in all villages in 9 PPs completed. CIG formation in process. Preparatory activities for disbursing grant funds to CIGs in progress.

Validation of identified vulnerable households in Taladanda partly done. 20 PPs of 47 PPs have been covered.

Verification of vulnerable groups identified during micro-planning exercises is continuing.

To be complied

To be complied

Activities ongoing

Implementation is delayed. Revised grant implementation manual endorsed by the Project Steering Committee in Dec 2012. Project was extended until Dec 2015. EA will continue to be supported to facilitate grant disbursements

Geographical Location Orissa, India
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects No environmental issues.
Involuntary Resettlement No resettlement issues.
Indigenous Peoples The project incorporates measures to encourage indigenous peoples participation in the project as direct beneficiaries of special livelihood interventions and in the pilot testing.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

A participatory process was used during the project preparatory stage and consultations, collaborative decision making and empowerment exercises were carried out with women, the landless, scheduled tribe, and other vulnerable groups in the subproject area using participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques. An inventory of local needs was prepared, encompassing problems/constraints related to: (i) water resources in relation to domestic agriculture, fisheries, environment, and other uses; (ii) possible solutions to resolve the constraints identified; and (iii) implications of solutions for poverty reduction. The role of service providers, people's willingness to contribute to operations and maintenance (O&M), and the scope of enhancing impacts of water interventions with others such as micro credit and extension services were also discussed. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) were engaged to facilitate this process. The project preparatory technical assistance (Pani Panchayat TA) identified the future course of action and mechanisms to institutionalize community participation.

The community expectations of the benefits and impacts of the Program are: (i) increased agriculture and fish production, (ii) more opportunities for disadvantaged groups to become involved in farming and non farming activities, and (iii) increased income opportunities. All women interviewed expected to benefit mainly by employment and income generation through improved post harvest work, livestock and fish production, farm and homestead production, cottage industries, improved water supply and sanitation services, and access to credit.

During Project Implementation

The JFPR project is expected to fully involve rural poor people, particularly disadvantaged people of scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, and women. The implementing agency will work with local community-based organizations (CBOs) and district NGOs to directly reach the target groups. The project will introduce a participatory budget allocation, transparent budget expenditure, and beneficiary scorecard systems under a public audit approach to ensure the

effective involvement of the beneficiaries in deciding how the project budget will be allocated and to monitor how the project has spent the allocated budget. At the same time, there will be participatory performance monitoring to oversee the implementation of delivery of quality training and skills programs, delivery of funds (livelihood support and income generation fund), and supply of equipment (agricultural tools and micro irrigation facilities). For this purpose community scorecards will be used to assess the quality of the services. The participatory systems will ensure public accounting and increased transparency of financial management by the lead NGO and grassroots CBOs/NGOs. They will make available project financial data and expenditures on public notice boards and through the media.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services A Project Coordinator and a Livelihood Development Specialist will be recruited by ADB as individual consultants in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the use of Consultants.
Procurement Procurement of goods and related services will be conducted in accordance with ADB' Procurement Guidelines
Responsible ADB Officer Cynthia (Cindy) Malvicini
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Department of Water Resources, Gov't of OdishaMr Nanada Kumar Mohapatracepdpmu@gmail.comBhubaneshwar, Orissa, India
Timetable
Concept Clearance 20 Aug 2008
Fact Finding 11 Sep 2007 to 27 Sep 2007
MRM -
Approval 19 Jun 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 01 Apr 2009
Last PDS Update 27 Jul 2015

Grant 9134-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Jun 2009 17 Jul 2009 17 Jul 2009 17 Jul 2012 17 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 19 Jun 2009 0.00 0.90 45%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 19 Jun 2009 0.00 0.61 31%

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