Category A. An environmental impact assessment was completed. The summary environmental impact assessment was circulated to the Board of Directors of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and posted on the ADB website on 19 November 2008.
Core Subprojects: EIAs were prepared and posted on the ADB website.
Subsequent Subprojects. Subsequent subprojects will receive the same extent of environmental safeguard scrutiny, modeled on the EIAs for the three core subprojects and the summary EIA (SEIA). The Liaoning PMO will submit the EIAs to ADB for review, after which the revised EIAs will be posted on the ADB website. An environmental assessment and management framework was prepared to assess subsequent subprojects.
Subproject 1: Donggang City. On the basis of project impact investigation in the feasibility study reports, the Donggang subproject will necessitate relatively large amounts of land acquisition and resettlement: 25.7 hectares [ha]) of land and 194 households or 715 people from seven villages in three towns. A total of 11,174 m2 of structures will be demolished, including 7,645 m2 of residential structures, affecting 91 households or 336 people; and 3,529 m2 of nonresidential structures, affecting eight enterprises and 61 shops with 225 employees. A full resettlement plan was prepared based on ADB procedures. The subproject government endorsed the resettlement plan, which were disclosed to those affected in mid-October 2008.
Subproject 2: Kazuo Mongolian Autonomous County. The Kazuo subproject will involve permanent land acquisition of 1.5 ha of farmland from three villages, which will affect 12 households and 52 people. During pipeline construction, a total 7.6 ha will be temporarily occupied. No house demolition and relocation is required. Consequently, resettlement impacts are slight and a short resettlement plan for the Kazuo subproject was prepared.
Subproject 3: Linghai City. The road and pumping station component of the Linghai subproject will be constructed either on the existing right-of-way or on the land area acquired in 2007. Therefore, only a due diligence report is required for the Linghai subproject.
Subsequent Subprojects. To assess the resettlement aspects of subsequent subprojects, a resettlement framework was prepared.
Core Subprojects: Ethnic minorities in core subproject areas account for 3% of the population and have socioeconomic characteristics similar to those of Han people. Although their culture and language are different from the Han's, they mostly speak Han language and intermarriage with other ethnic groups, particularly the Hans, is common. On the basis of the findings of the socioeconomic survey, focus group discussions, and consultation in the core subproject areas, an ethnic minority development plan is not needed.
Subsequent Subprojects: In line with the requirement of the sector loan modality, an ethnic minority development framework was prepared for subsequent subprojects.
|During Project Design
||Public consultations on social and environmental impacts of the project and the project design and monitoring framework were undertaken during project processing. The consultations included all concerned government departments and agencies and affected people (residents, shop owners, civil societies) in the three core subproject cities and towns. A socioeconomic survey undertaken at the household level in April 2008 covered 518 households and gathered information relating to 1,689 people. In addition, a range of community meetings were held with both men and women in different parts of each city and town to discuss topics related to the Project but not specifically covered in the socioeconomic survey in an open-ended manner. A number of key infomant interviews were held with various local government agencies, nongovernmental organizations, the Women's Federation, and past and ongoing projects in complementary areas to inform the project design. Stakeholder analyses and DMF workshops were organized and conducted in all the core subproject cities and towns in April and May 2008, coverng a wide range of stakeholders including local government departments and community representatives. Development of the environmental management plan, environmental impact assessment, and environmental assessment and management framework involved two rounds of public consultation in each core subproject, from April to July 2008. The purpose was to introduce the Project and the relevant components and subcomponents to a range of stakeholders, and solicit their views on the project and its potential environmental implications, so that the EIA could take these into account during impact assessment.
|During Project Implementation
Key features of the consultation and participation plan include:
(i) Public disclosure of all project documents at the Liaoning PMO and on the ADB website including the project information document (PID), DMF, resettlement plans (RPs), summary EIA (SEIA), EIAs, RRP, project administration memorandum, and social and environmental monitoring reports.
(ii) A PID will be prepared for each subproject. Each PID, which will be available in Chinese and the locally applicable ethnic minority language, if any, will contain a map or diagram of the affected areas; a description of the subproject, its aims and components; a description of what the subproject work will comprise; a timetable of when each of the subproject activities will take place, including estimated commencement and completion dates; expected social, economic and environmental impacts; environmental and social safeguards; the compensation policy and entitlements, including who will be entitled to compensation, what losses will be compensated, and waht entitlements will the affected persons receive (details for land, trees, crops, structures, etc.; an outline of livelihood restoration measures; how land, crops and assets will be valued; how the Compensation Committee and Grievance Redress Committee will work; an outline of how consultation and participation with affected persons and communities will continue; the subproject communications strategy, including how people can find out about business opportunities that may arise in conjunction with the subproject; where people can go to get further or more detailed information about the subproject.