Tonga: Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 42394-022 Status: Approved

Summary

ADB is helping Tonga improve urban planning and management and the delivery of sustainable urban services in the capital, Nuku'alofa. The project will support the establishment of a municipal government in Nuku'alofa and enhance municipal services, including water supply, solid waste, and sanitation.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices See also: CMS

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project
Project Number 42394-022
Country Tonga
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0264-TON: Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 6.06 million
Grant 0265-TON: Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project
Australian Grant US$ 6.44 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Other urban services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will support the establishment of municipal government in Nuku'alofa and will provide high priority urban infrastructure identified in the Nuku'alofa Urban Infrastructure Development Plan (UIDP). The Project will expand upon infrastructure development currently being undertaken in Nuku'alofa through the Nuku'alofa Reconstruction Project (NRP) and the Integrated Urban Development Sector Project (IUDSP).
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Nuku'alofa, Tonga's capital, has a population of 34,058 (34% of the national population) and is forecast to grow to 45,000 (or about 40% of Tonga's population) by 2030. Migration to Nuku'alofa from Tonga's outer islands is significant. Urban growth in Tonga is a relatively recent phenomenon and has not been matched by the provision of, or improvement in the delivery of, urban services. Living conditions for many of Nuku'alofa residents are deteriorating and demand for improved urban infrastructure is increasing.

Development pressure in Nuku'alofa is increasing due to population growth. The existing urban infrastructure is barely capable of meeting the demands from the current urban population. Upgrading of existing infrastructure is being undertaken through NRP and IUDSP. However, the scope of these projects is limited and do not meet all immediate infrastructure needs. Further investment in urban infrastructure is urgently required. Land for urban expansion of Nuku'alofa is limited to the peripheral agricultural and ecologically sensitive areas.

Impact The living conditions for Nuku'alofa urban population has improved.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Nuku'alofa residents have access to improved municipal services.
Progress Toward Outcome Overall progress is satisfactory and implementation progress is at 47%. With the mobilization of the project implementation assistance consultants on 22 September 2012 (following the promulgation of the National Spatial Planning and Management (NSPM) Act on 21 September 2012), 14 works and goods packages have been procured. 2 works contracts totalling US$3.75 million, to increase water production, increase water storage and improve the management of the water supply network, were awarded in 2015 and are progressing well. Procurement for the candidate sanitation subproject, approved in June 2015, commenced in Q3 2015. Consumer access to solid waste management services in Nuku'alofa is at 100%.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Strengthened policy environment for delivery of urban services

Effective, efficient and sustainable water supply services in Nuku'alofa (core subproject) provided by TWB

Sustainable solid waste services in Nuku'alofa (core subproject provided by WAL)

Other municipal infrastructure is upgraded and well maintained.

Raised community awareness of municipal services

Effective project management services

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Local consultant positions which were funded under the project have been absorbed by government. A draft Strategic Development Plan for Nuku'alofa has been prepared and will be enforced once the remaining sections of the NSPM Act 2012 have been approved. The evaluation of WAL and TWB tariffs has been completed and government supports the new WAL tariffs and levies - amended plastic levy and cruise ship conservation levy (effective 1 January 2016). Asset management plans for 2015 have been completed by TWB and WAL.

Work on the rehabilitation and extension of borefields at Mataki'eua and Tongamai, as well as for the design and construction of a 4,000m3 reservoir at Mataki'eua, Nuku'alofa, commenced in August 2015 and is progressing well. Work on the zoning of the Nuku'alofa Water Reticulation Network commenced in February 2016.

Construction of Cell 2 at Tapuhia Landfill completed. Procurement of new plant and equipment including wheeled loader, mounted truck loader crane and waste collection and septage trucks completed. Groundwater monitoring system has resumed following the procurement of new water testing equipment. A new financial management system was procured and has been operating since October 2013.

Nuku'alofa Sanitation Master Plan has been approved as a candidate subproject.

A feasibility study for a new candidate sanitation subproject comprising (i) upgrading Tapuhia liquid waste treatment capacity and associated facilities; (ii) improved community awareness and compliance for onsite household sanitation facilities; (iii) pilot improved onsite household sanitation; and (iv) improved sanitation for public schools and public convenience facilities, has been approved and work on the various packages commenced in Q3 2015.

WAL/PMU continues to carry out public awareness programs. Consultations with women's groups and community associations are ongoing. A customer complaints system, setup in WAL, is working well. A similar system will be setup in TWB.

Project implementation assistance consulting services are ongoing.

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The ESU established in NSPAO oversees the environmental and social issues of the overall project. They are supported by the established WAL ESU for the construction of Cell #2 and entails preparation, design, construction, implementation, operation and decommissioning. An ESU has also been established at TWB for the construction phases of TWB01 and TWB02. A feasibility study for the sanitation subproject was cleared in June 2015, meeting the requirements set forth in the project IEE and the EARF, in relation to proposed candidate subprojects.
Involuntary Resettlement The updated resettlement plan for the core water subproject was approved and disclosed on ADB's website in August 2014. The ESU completed all resettlement activities during the May 2015 reporting period, with all payments made to affected land owners and land users.
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The total consultant input is estimated at 15.5 person-months, of which 7 person-months will be from international consulting services and 8.5 person-months will be from national consulting services. The consultants will be recruited individually.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Grace King
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Pacific Subregional Office in Suva, Fiji
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance and National Planning
MINFIN@CANDW.TO
Vuna Road
Nuku'alofa
Kingdom of Tonga

Timetable

Concept Clearance 28 Oct 2010
Fact Finding 20 Jun 2011 to 24 Jun 2011
MRM 29 Jul 2011
Approval 17 Oct 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2016

Grant 0264-TON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Oct 2011 11 Jan 2012 10 Apr 2012 31 Dec 2017 31 Jan 2019 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 8.15 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 6.06 17 Oct 2011 5.01 0.00 83%
Counterpart 2.09 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Oct 2011 3.14 0.00 52%

Grant 0265-TON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Oct 2011 11 Jan 2012 10 Apr 2012 31 Dec 2017 31 Jan 2019 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 6.44 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 17 Oct 2011 0.00 6.22 97%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 6.44 17 Oct 2011 0.00 3.33 52%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (November 2015-April 2016) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports May 2016
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (May-October 2015) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Oct 2015
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (October 2014-April 2015) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Apr 2015
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (April-September 2014) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2014
Nuku’alofa Urban Development Sector Project (Core Subproject - Water Supply) Resettlement Plans Aug 2014
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (October 2013-March 2014) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2014
Nuku’alofa Urban Development Project (Core Subproject – Water Supply) Resettlement Plans Jan 2014
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Core Subproject 1 (Water Supply) (as of Board approval) Resettlement Plans Dec 2011
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Dec 2011
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Water Supply Improvement Subproject (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Measures Dec 2011
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Solid Waste Improvement Subproject (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Measures Dec 2011
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Resettlement Framework (as of Board approval) Resettlement Frameworks Dec 2011
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Core Subproject 1 (Water Supply) Resettlement Plans Aug 2011
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Aug 2011
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Solid Waste Improvement Subproject: Solid Waste Household Collection Services and Landfill Operation Environmental Assessment and Measures Aug 2011
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Water Supply Improvement Subproject - Water Supply Production Environmental Assessment and Measures Aug 2011
Nuku'alofa Urban Development Sector Project: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Aug 2011

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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