Project 3 under the Investment Program is divided into two main subprojects benefitting the population of 50,573. The first subproject will improve the water supply and sewerage network in Aghjabedi town, whereas the second subproject will improve the same in peri-urban towns of Nakhchivan, namely , namely Qaracuq, Qarahanbeyli, Bulgan, Haciniyyet and Tumbul, located south and southwest of Nakhchivan city.
The main objectives of the subprojects are to (i) meet the demand for water by increasing the proposed volume at the consumer end to 147 liters per capita per day (lpcd) for domestic consumption and 29.4 lpcd for non-domestic consumption; (ii) increase the abstraction of water from the existing and new sources to meet water demand; (iii) improved water distribution network to provide between 90 to 100% of the households with safe and reliable water supply as compared to 32% in 2011; (iv) reduction of non-revenue water (NRW) to 10% of production through district/bulk metering; hydraulic zoning; leak detection and consumer metering.
Under the Aghjabedi subproject, the investment in infrastructure would include improvement of the water intake facilities, water supply network, sewerage system as well as the administrative infrastructure. Specific activities will include: (i) rehabilitation of two existing bore wells and construction of 8 new bore wells; (ii) rehabilitation of the two existing reservoirs and construction of four new reservoirs; (iii) construction of sewage collecting system, pump stations, and effluent discharge pipelines, (iv) wastewater treatment plant and associated workshop office buildings. Under the Nakhchivan subproject, the construction of only water distribution and sewage collection networks is envisaged for peri-urban towns, as the water treatment plant and sewage treatment plant constructed under Project 1 and Project 2 respectively would also cater to the peri-urban towns of Nakhchivan. Overall, Project 3 includes construction of 266 km of water supply network, 8,000 cubic meters of storage reservoirs, 245 km of sewer lines, and a sewage treatment plant of 20 MLD capacity in Aghjabedi.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
The quality, coverage and reliability of water supply and sanitation infrastructure and services have not kept pace with the rapid growth of the economy and population of secondary towns in Azerbaijan. The deficiencies are adding to household costs and diminishing the quality of life of all the towns' population. Recognizing the need to overcome the current problems and constraints, the government's State Program on Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development (SPPRS) for 2008-2015 committed to improve access to basic services and targets improved water supply and sanitation (WSS) coverage and service quality by 2015. This includes 100% coverage with 24-hour water supply in the capital city Baku and 80-85% coverage in Azerbaijan's secondary towns and villages. Sustainable environmental management, good governance and institutional effectiveness are also key strategic goals of the SPPRS.
In response to the Government of Azerbaijan''s request, a framework financing agreement (FFA) for the multi-tranche financing facility MFF 0032: Azerbaijan Water Supply and Sanitation Investment Program (the Investment Program) was signed between the Government and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on 15 August 2009. The Investment Program aims to address development needs of Azerbaijan's secondary towns through the adoption of a long-term and holistic approach to (i) build institutions, capacities and systems, and improve service delivery, (ii) promote reforms to bring about sustainable WSS service financing; and (iii) support the execution of priority components based upon a detailed sector analysis and the sector roadmap.
On 23 September 2009, ADB's Board of Directors approved the first investment program under the facility, amounting to USD 600 million. The Investment Program's executing agencies (EAs) are the Azersu Joint Stock Company (AZERSU) and the State Amelioration and Water Management Committee (SAWMC). Project 1 of the Investment Program was approved by ADB on 14 October 2009 and Project 2 was approved on 22 December 2011.
Project 3 will improve the access and quality of WSS services in Aghjabedi town and the peri-urban towns of Nakhchivan.