Regional: Strengthening Governance and Accountability in Pacific Island Countries (Phase 2)

Sovereign Project | 42454-012 Status: Closed


The RETA is included in the Pacific regional operations business plan 2007-2010.

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Project Name Strengthening Governance and Accountability in Pacific Island Countries (Phase 2)
Project Number 42454-012
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management - Economic affairs management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The RETA is included in the Pacific regional operations business plan 2007-2010.
Impact The RETA is intended to improve transparency and accountability in managing and using public resources in Pacific Island Countries.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The project is intended to support the initial implementation of the Pacific Regional Audit Institution (PRAI) which will provide a basis for raising public auditing to uniformly-high standards across the Pacific region, so that the public accounts of participating countries are audited in a timely manner to uniformly-high standards, with enhanced audit impacts and improved audit capability. It is intended also to strengthen the governance and anticorruption orientation of ADB CPSs, programs and projects in the Pacific region.
Progress Toward Outcome The project is complete. The implementation of PRAI initiatives through the successful preparation and implementation of a capacity development program; delivery of cooperative financial and performance audits; and the subregional audit support program has demonstrated that Pacific regional and subregional strategies can become successful operational realities. The establishment of the Pacific Association of Supreme Audit Institutions (PASAI) Secretariat, the governing board and the development of a charter and other planning documents for PASAI provide the foundation on which its future direction will be based. Public auditing is being strengthened with enhancements to transparency and accountability being delivered. The governance component assisted with enhancing the governance focus of ADB's programs and projects.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

The RETA is intended to deliver the following outputs during the period 2008-2012:

1. strengthened regional cooperation and coordination;

2. designof a capacity development program;

3. initiation of cooperative and financial performance audits;

4. transparency and accountability advocated; and

5. governance and corruption risk assessments and mitigation plans in CPSs and in ADB programs and projects.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. In July 2009 at the 12th congress of PASAI in Palau, a governing board was established to provide oversight to the implementation of the PRAI. In 2010 the new PASAI Secretariat was opened in Auckland, New Zealand and now operates with a full staff complement. In addition a charter was developed and approved along with a 3 year work-plan and a program management framework.

2. A PASAI capacity development program was prepared under the TA and approved at the 12th PASAI congress. The INTOSAI Development Initiative and the World Bank have provided funding for the implementation of the capacity development program, including funding a staff position in the PASAI Secretariat to support the program's implementation.

3. Regional cooperative financial and performance audits have been initiated under the TA. A performance audit on the effectiveness of solid waste management involving 10 member countries was completed. The audit resulted in national performance audit reports and the first Pacific-wide joint audit report. The subregional audit support program was also agreed and implemented under the TA with financial audits completed in Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu. The program is using a unique model to deal with public auditing challenges in these three countries by the pooling of audit resources on a subregional basis.

4. In keeping with the Pacific Islands Forum's 8 Principles of Accountability, PASAI published it first annual report on regional accountability and transparency. The report will become an annual document on the state of accountability and transparency in the region.

5. The governance component has supported the completion of governance risk assessments and risk management plans using the approach in GACAP II for the Papua New Guinea CPS and the Tonga Fiji Submarine Cable Project. The governance component also supported the preparation of a Public Financial Management Performance Report for Nauru and Tuvalu using the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability performance measurement framework.

Geographical Location American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji Islands, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The TA is supporting the implementation of the PRAI. The PRAI design was developed during a 2-year period of consultation with participating countries, development partners, regional organizations, and civil society. As part of the PRAI design a comprehensive diagnostic was undertaken of each audit institution in the Pacific to identify capacity development needs. This extensive consultation has contributed to the successful implementation of the PRAI.
During Project Implementation The implementation of the PRAI (including the TA) is overseen by the Governing Board of PASAI who meet twice-yearly. The Governing Board consists of 7 of the Auditor-Generals from the Pacific region that are appointed in accordance with the Charter of PASAI. ADB, and other development partners, attend the meetings of the Governing Board.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The PRAI component will require international consultants (estimated 36 person-months) with skills and expertise in strategic planning and institutional establishment, public auditing, performance auditing, legal and capacity building and national consultants (estimated 18 person-months) with skills and expertise in public auditing and related disciplines. The governance component will require international consultants (6 person-months) with governance, financial management, procurement, and anticorruption skills.

At the completion of the TA approximately 64 person-months' international consulting services and 17 person-months' national consulting services had been utilized. All consultants were engaged on an individual basis. In addition the TA provided funding for the establishment of the PASAI Secretariat and the costs associated with the subregional audit support program.

Responsible ADB Officer Hayden Everett
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban, Social Development & Public Management Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
Hayden Everett
6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Pacific Association of Supreme Audit Institutions
Office of the Controller and Audit Gen
Level 5, 48 Mulgrave Street, Private Box
3928, Wellington, New Zealand
Concept Clearance 26 Apr 2008
Fact Finding 14 Apr 2008 to 18 Apr 2008
Approval 03 Nov 2008
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 02 Sep 2011

TA 6499-REG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
03 Nov 2008 - 03 Nov 2008 31 Oct 2010 30 Jun 2011 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 03 Nov 2008 1,692,761.67

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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