Regional: Enabling Climate Change Interventions in Central and West Asia

Sovereign Project | 42462-022

Summary

The expected outcome is a favorable policy, technological, and fiscal environment for investment in climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions. The outputs are: (i) climate change policy developed; (ii) capacity developed for climate change institutions; (iii) institutional and technological development for renewable energy; and (iv) development of incentives, penalties, and investments to promote energy efficiency; (v) Project design documents for submission to CDM or other carbon funds prepared; (vi) Climate change adaptation interventions developed, investment plan prepared, and financing plans prepared; (vii) Support for project preparation; and (viii) Project management, coordination and knowledge management.

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Project Name Enabling Climate Change Interventions in Central and West Asia
Project Number 42462-022
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7274-REG: Enabling Climate Change Interventions in Central and West Asia
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 4.51 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management
Energy - Energy efficiency and conservation - Energy sector development and institutional reform
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban solid waste management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The expected outcome is a favorable policy, technological, and fiscal environment for investment in climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions. The outputs are: (i) climate change policy developed; (ii) capacity developed for climate change institutions; (iii) institutional and technological development for renewable energy; and (iv) development of incentives, penalties, and investments to promote energy efficiency; (v) Project design documents for submission to CDM or other carbon funds prepared; (vi) Climate change adaptation interventions developed, investment plan prepared, and financing plans prepared; (vii) Support for project preparation; and (viii) Project management, coordination and knowledge management.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

There are indications that climate change is already occurring in central and western Asia with detectable impacts (i.e., decline in crop yields, retreat of glaciers, increases in climate-induced disease and heat stress, and changes in ecosystem functions). Future climate change is projected to negatively affect land and water resources -- and thus agriculture -- thereby increasing food insecurity and water scarcity. Warmer temperatures, increased evaporation, reduced runoff, melting of glaciers and associated negative changes in river flows, and higher frequency of droughts and flooding are major threats. Climate change may cause large tracts of natural grasslands to disappear, thus leading to further desertification.

Substantial adaptation interventions will be necessary to address the impacts of projected climate change. Immediate investments are needed to protect and/or reduce the risks from increased flooding, drought, dust storms, and other anticipated impacts of climate change. Although a wide array of response options are already available, there are barriers, limits, and cost constraints on their implementation.

Although most Central and West Asian countries are low greenhouse gas (GHG) emitters, they are among the most carbon-intensive economies in the world. This creates opportunities for mitigating interventions. Mitigation projects involving improved energy efficiency, fuel switching, industrial processes, renewable energy, improved waste management systems, and land restoration offer cost-effective opportunities for carbon financing. Some key activities may provide much-needed synergies between mitigation and adaptation, especially in renewable energy, water, and land resource management.

Impact Central and West Asia and DMCs have low carbon and climate resilient projects and policies
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Favorable policy, technological, and fiscal environment for investment in climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions.
Progress Toward Outcome The TA is contributing to create the evidence base for climate change mitigation and adaptation planning and strengthening the capacity of target DMCs.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Climate change and mitigation policy developed

2. Capacity developed for climate change institutions

3. Institutional and technological development for renewable energy

4. Development of incentives, penalties, and investments to promote energy efficiency

6. Development of climate change adaptation interventions and preparation of investment and financing plans

5. Project design documents for submission to carbon funds

7. Support for project preparation

8. Project management, coordination and knowledge management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The following activities have been implemented or are currently being developed:

1. Supported the participation of some government officials of countries from countries with high carbon emissions in the Asia Low Emissions Development Strategy (LEDS) workshops. The workshops were aimed to increase understanding of available public-sector and private-sector mechanisms to finance growth and build capacity to access financing for green growth and low emissions development.

2. Supported the establishment of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) in Tajikistan, a multi-donor initiative aimed at piloting climate change adaptation in developing countries most vulnerable to climate change impacts.

3. Supported the National Compact Fluorescent Lightbulb (CFL) project in Pakistan in successfully registering with United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and is the first Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Program of Activity (PoA) in Central Asia. The lessons learned in preparing the PoA can be replicated by other Central and West Asian (CWA) Developing Member Countries (DMCs) in accessing climate finance.

4. Supported the Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) of Pakistan in developing their Medium Term Renewable Energy Policy Framework; and provided training and capacity development for AEDB to better serve Pakistan's Alternative and Renewable Energy (ARE) interests and guide ARE-related decision making.

5. Developed and applied climate change screening in CWRD's operations to integrate climate change interventions into project designs. The number of projects being screened has been steadily increasing. Among the projects screened are (a) the Talimarjan Clean Energy Project which integrated basic GHG accounting measures and developed a CDM Project Design Document to access potential carbon finance; (b) the Amu Bukhara Irrigation System Rehabilitation which integrates climate change measures in the project design; and (c) the Toktogul Rehabilitation Phase 2 which integrated a climate change risk and vulnerability assessment as part of its due diligence.

6. Provided Climate Change Thematic Assessments in ADB Country Partnership Strategies (CPS) for Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic, ensuring that climate change is considered in the country programming.

7. Produced (a) leaflets on the PPCR-Tajikistan; (b) the video Tajikistan: Meeting the Climate Challenge ; and (c) the ADB CWA working paper on Climate Change and Sustainable Water Management in Central Asia .

8. Developed GIS-based wind and solar investment and resource maps for the 10 CWA countries in support of promoting renewable energy policy, technologies, and investments. ADB has utilized these maps for project site selection, capacity building, awareness campaigns, and business development in projects.

9. Currently developing a GIS-based climate screening tool which will strengthen: (a) screening of projects for climate change and variability risk; (b) identification of potentially vulnerable communities, sectors, and infrastructures; (c) baselining of DMC carbon emissions; and (d) monitoring and evaluating project performance.

Geographical Location CWRD DMCs - AFG, ARM, AZE, GEO, KAZ,KGZ, PAK, TAJ, TKM, UZB
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations with target countries took place over 2009.
During Project Implementation Consultations with target countries has been held through various country climate missions as well as regional and international climate capacity building workshops/events from 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 to 2014.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Thirty one contracts were awarded under the TA: three contracts for consulting firms; twenty one contracts for individual consultants; three contracts for trainings, seminars and conferences; and four contracts for administration support. Below is a list of the ongoing contracts.

International Mitigation Consultant

International GIS Expert

National Analyst/Assistant (Program Coordinator)

Procurement

Consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Consulting firm will be recruited using quality and cost-based selection.

Procurement of GIS datasets, computers, and external hard drives will be made in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time).

Responsible ADB Officer Binsar P. Tambunan
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank Peter J. Hayesphayes@adb.org6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 16 Dec 2008
Fact Finding 04 Oct 2008 to 23 Oct 2008
MRM -
Approval 23 Apr 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Jan 2009
Last PDS Update 24 Mar 2015

TA 7274-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Apr 2009 - 23 Apr 2009 30 Apr 2012 31 May 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
4,510,948.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,010,948.00 23 Apr 2009 4,016,069.50
Title Document Type Document Date
Enabling Climate Change Interventions in Central and West Asia Loan Change in Scope, Amount, and Implementation Arrangements Jan 2010
Enabling Climate Change Interventions in Central and West Asia Consultants' Reports Sep 2009
Enabling Climate Change Interventions in Central and West Asia Technical Assistance Reports Mar 2009

Safeguard Documents

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