Nepal: Flour Fortification in Chakki Mills

Sovereign Project | 42498-012

Summary

The objectives of the project are to (i) reduce iron deficiency anemia as well as folic acid and Vitamin A deficiency in a population of approximately 200,000 by adding iron, folic acid and vitamin A to wheat, maize and millet milled at small community mills; (ii) develop a sustainable capacity of small community-bsed millers to add fortificant to cereal flours in homogenous and quality assured manner; (iii) build central, district and local capacity to enable fortification at small mills via community-based social marketing, food regulation and other services; and (iv) effectively integrate small mill cereal flour fortification into the national nutrition planning and in particular in the anemia prevention and control program.

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Project Name Flour Fortification in Chakki Mills
Project Number 42498-012
Country Nepal
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9144-NEP: Flour Fortification in Chakki Mills
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 1.80 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Health - Health sector development and reform
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The objectives of the project are to (i) reduce iron deficiency anemia as well as folic acid and Vitamin A deficiency in a population of approximately 200,000 by adding iron, folic acid and vitamin A to wheat, maize and millet milled at small community mills; (ii) develop a sustainable capacity of small community-bsed millers to add fortificant to cereal flours in homogenous and quality assured manner; (iii) build central, district and local capacity to enable fortification at small mills via community-based social marketing, food regulation and other services; and (iv) effectively integrate small mill cereal flour fortification into the national nutrition planning and in particular in the anemia prevention and control program.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Strategy 2020 confirms that health is vital to development, productivity, social inclusion and gender equity. The Strategy also recognizes that health is affected by poverty and development through many complex pathways, including malnutrition. The Strategy envisages ADB working even more closely in partnership with specialized agencies focused on health and other development partners with complementary technical skills. ADB's Special Evaluation Study of Selected ADB Interventions on Nutrition and Food Fortification highlighted the need to strengthen national food fortification as the most cost-effective intervention to reduce micronutrient deficiencies. ADB's Operational Plan for Improving Health Access and Outcomes under Strategy 2020, approved in October 2008, recommends that ADB may be engaged in health sector projects if the activity is highly selective and ADB's engagement is in partnership with relevant technical agencies. The proposed JFPR grant will pilot-test a new approach, in partnership with The Micronutrient Initiative, in a highly selective activity that will also help in achieving the MDGs.
Impact Reduced iron deficiency anemia, and folic acid and vitamin A deficiency, among the population of one district in Nepal
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Assessment of the feasibility, cost, and impact of sustainably providing flour fortification through chakki mills
Progress Toward Outcome The project experienced significant delays in most project acitivities beyond the timeline set in the project implementation schedule due to complex project design and demonstrated lack of ownership and poor management capacity of EA/PIU. During a special administration mission fielded on 5-7 June 2012, it was realized that delays and challenges would be insurmontable even with restructuring and extension of the project. ADB and EA agreed on closure of the project grant.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Increased awareness of the benefits of fortified flour

Strengthened institutional and technical capacity for the fortification of flour at chakki mills

Strengthened institutional and technical capacity to test quality of fortified flour

Strengthened grant implementation, monitoring, and evaluation

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Grant to be cancelled.
Geographical Location About 65 VDCs in one district of Nepal, to be selected at project start-up.
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Micronutrient Initiatve will be recruited by ADB through direct selection to act as the project technical advisor. Local NGOs and consultants will be contracted for social mobilization and capacity building activities by the PIU in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All procurement under the grant will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Brian Chin
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Health and PopulationMr. Raj Kumar Pokharelrajkumarpokharel@gmail.comMinistry of Health and Population, Department of Health Services, Teku, Kathmandu
Timetable
Concept Clearance 18 Nov 2008
Fact Finding 15 Mar 2008 to 20 Mar 2008
MRM -
Approval 09 Dec 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 14 May 2009
Last PDS Update 18 Oct 2012

Grant 9144-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
09 Dec 2009 11 Mar 2010 11 Mar 2010 30 Sep 2013 - 25 Jul 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.02 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 09 Dec 2009 0.00 0.04 28%
Counterpart 0.22 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 1.80 09 Dec 2009 0.00 0.04 28%
Title Document Type Document Date
Flour Fortification in Chakki Mills Grant Implementation Manuals Apr 2010
Flour Fortification in Chakki Mills Grant Assistance Reports Nov 2009

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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