Nepal: Emergency Flood Damage Rehabilitation Project

Sovereign Project | 43001-012 Status:


ADB is helping restore economic activity to parts of Nepal devastated by the 2008 monsoon floods.  The project will focus on three districts: Kailali, Kanchanpur, and Sunsari. It will build or repair key infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, and irrigation channels, and help restore livelihoods. It will support increased disaster preparedness and mitigation, and strengthen disaster recovery.

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Project Name Emergency Flood Damage Rehabilitation Project
Project Number 43001-012
Country Nepal
Project Status
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0150-NEP: Emergency Flood Damage Rehabilitation Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 25.60 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Rural water supply services

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome A significant progress towards outcome level can be seen. However, it has been agreed that the PCO will further assess the outcome and output level achievements and submit the final status towards outcome level indicators during the submission of Project Completion Report (PCR).
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Agriculture livelihoods of affected people in 22 village development committee areas restored.

1.1: Agriculture revived by distributing agriculture inputs for damaged farmland of 7,940 ha by June 2012.


a. Revival by crop seed distribution for 4170 ha in FY 2009/10 and 3396 ha in FY 2010/11.

b. Revival by vegetable seeds for 493 ha in FY 2009/10 and 443 ha in FY 2010/11.

c. Revival by fruit saplings for 481 ha in FY 2009/10, and 756 ha in FY 2010/11.

1.2: Some 2,840 families provided with technical and in-kind assistance to farm silted and riverbed land by June 2012.


1781 persons in FY 2009/10 and 8069 persons in FY 2010/11 were provided technical assistance.

1.3: 10 agriculture service centers rehabilitated

Status/Progress: 6 agriculture service centers (ASCs) have been rehabilitated. The decreased target of ASCs from 10 to 6 has been reflected in approved minor change in project scope.

1.4: 9 markets centers rehabilitated.

Status/Progress: 9 markets centers have been rehabilitated. The agriculture collection centers and market centers have been grouped into one subcategory by DOA as they are located in the same building premises. The decreased target of market centers from 19 to 9 has been reflected in approved minor change in project scope.

1.5 : 22 agriculture collection centers rehabilitated.

Status/Progress: 9 agriculture collection centers (ACCs) have been rehabilitated. The agriculture collection centers and market centers have been grouped into one subcategory by DOA as they are located in the same building premises. The decreased target of ACCs from 22 to 9 has been reflected in approved minor change in project scope.

1.6: 70 on-farm watercourses rehabilitated.

Status/Progress: On farm water courses would not be rehabilitated as these were not found feasible. Instead 72 shallow tube wells (STWs) were installed as micro irrigation facilities under the on-farm water courses in Kailali, Kanchanpur and Sunsari district. The increased target of Minor Water Courses from 70 to 72 has been reflected in approved minor change in project scope.

1.7: 52 fishponds rehabilitated.

Status/Progress: This activity has been dropped from project scope of Sunsari District as FPs do not have water retention capacity due to heavy percolation losses in the sandy soils of project. Altogether 24 FPs have been rehabilitated (19 in Kailali and 5 in Kanchanpur districts) under the project. The decreased target of fishponds from 52 to 24 has been reflected in approved minor change in project scope.

2. Damaged irrigation facilities reconstructed and rehabilitated.

2.1 Irrigation structures of 2 large and 25 small surface irrigation schemes covering 11,540 ha rehabilitated.


SMIP: ADB declined to finance the cost of 9 packages of contracts awarded during retroactive financing period with reservation on their procurement process. Irrigation facility has been restored in about 1450 ha of affected command area of SMIP. Rehabilitation works are completed on 10 packages of contracts awarded to WAUs and 2 packages of works.

MIP: Rehabilitation works completed in all 57 packages of contract awarded under the MIP restoring irrigation facility in entire 2979 ha flood effected command area.

EIDD Sunsari: Jharuwa and Shreepur systems have been dropped from project scope on technical grounds. Thus, out of 4 systems damaged by floods, only 2 systems (Haripur-600ha & Paschim Kusaha-475ha) were considered for rehabilitation by the Project. The rehabilitation works of Paschim Kushaha and Haripur Irrigation Systems have been completed. Irrigation facility has been restored in about 375 ha of command area of Paschim Kushaha irrigation system.

Kanchanpur District (10 FMIS): Irrigation facility has been fully restored in affected 912 ha command area under 10 farmer managed irrigation system (FMIS).

Kailali District (11 FMIS): Irrigation facility has been restored in the entire affected command areas of 2,871ha under 11 FMIS.

2.2: 700 shallow tube wells in Sunsari will be installed and the operation and maintenance cost will be provided for a year.


1050 STWs have been installed although 700 were planned originally. These STWs are expected to provide irrigation facility in 2482ha of farmland. The additional tube wells have been installed to cater the farmers demand. The increased target of STWs from 700 to 1050 has been reflected in approved minor change in project scope.

3. Access to drinking water and sanitation of the flood-affected people improved

3.1: 4 small overhead water supply systems constructed.

Status/Progress: Out of proposed 4 O/H tanks, 1 O/H tank at Shreepur was dropped from project scope as it was not found necessary. O/H tanks at Haripur, Laukahi, and Bhantabari WSS have been completed. The decreased target of O/H WSS from 4 to 3 has been reflected in approved minor change in project scope.

3.2: 28 gravity flow water supply systems in the far western region rehabilitated.

Status/Progress: Out of planned 28 gravity flow water supply systems (GWSS), one system- Matena has been dropped in Kanchanpur district as beneficiaries were already getting water from another system of adjoining ward of Bhimdatta Municipality. Also 1 GWSS in Kailali and 2 GWSS in Kanchanpur districts need to be changed to ground water system due to technical issues of intake. Thus, the new target has been set as 27 WSS which includes 24 GWSS and 3 Ground water WSS systems. All these changes have been reflected in the approved minor change in project scope. Rehabilitation of all 14 WSS of Kailali and 13 WSS in Kanchanpur have been completed.

3.3: 3,500 shallow tube wells installed in Sunsari district for 22,000 households.

Status/Progress: Installation of all 2,831 shallow tube wells (STWs) have been completed and handed over to the community. The decreased target of STWs from 3500 to 2,831 has been reflected in approved minor change in project scope.

3.4: Latrines to be installed in Sunsari.

Status/Progress: Construction and handover of all 1,589 toilets have been completed. Although the number of latrines was not mentioned in the original projects scope, it has been planned to support 1,589 toilets construction based on communitys need and available resources. This has been reflected in approved minor change in project scope.

4. Strategic road network rehabilitated and improved.

4.1 About 50 km of strategic roads in the far western region rehabilitated.

Status/Progress: Completed.

4.2 Bridge on the Koshi River constructed by June 2012 at Chatara to substitute the present low capacity ferries and provide better access during similar floods in the future.

Status/Progress: Completed. The bridge has been opened for public use since 3 August 2015

5. Project management system operational.

5.1 Effective and efficient project implementation done by the establishment of PCO with provisions of logistic support and project support consultants.

Status/Progress: Project management ongoing. PCO was established with provision of logistic support before grant agreement date. All 7 individual project support consultants were recruited by PCO. Currently, three consultants are working with PCO on an intermittent basis.

5.2 Approved flood preparedness action plan by cabinet.

Status/Progress: This has not been complied with. Consultants have prepared an outline of flood preparedness plan. The action plan itself could not be prepared within the budgets, time, and scope of work of the consultants.

Geographical Location Sunsari, Kanchanpur and Kailali

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

The Project involves rehabilitation and reconstruction works, whose scope requires only initial environmental examination (IEE). Environmental aspects in EFDRP subprojects were/are being addressed by implementing Environmental Management Plans (EMPs) formulated at the initial stage of the project. Implementation of EMPs was monitored by the DSC as well as by the Environmental Management Specialist at PCO. An Environmental Safeguard Compliance Matrix was developed to evaluate the performance of environmenatl compliance at various stages of Project Implementation.

Apart from minor impacts, the Project has several environmental benefits like limiting soil erosion and failure of embankments along damaged

infrastructure, reducing health risks by rehabilitating damaged water supply and sanitation facilities, cleaning drainage systems, and reconstruction of damaged irrigation facilities to bolster both the irrigation and agriculture sectors.

Involuntary Resettlement The Project is categorized as B meaning nonsignificant involuntary resettlement impact and a short term resettlement plan is required. Also a resettlement framework was used during the implementation of the Project. All components of the project except the Koshi Bridge are completed and restttlemet issues are already addressed.
Indigenous Peoples

Indigenous people living in the project areas will benefit from the improved infrastructure and essential inputs. Any potential adverse effects on

indigenous people, if identified, will be addressed during planning and implementation of the Project through the resettlement plan. The Project will ensure the participation of identified indigenous people in planning, implementation, and monitoring of the Project to ensure that they benefit from the infrastructure rehabilitation. lndigenous peoples affected by the flood will be equally benefited from the project support in different sectors and no negative impact is anticipated.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The flood damage and needs assessment and the design of the Project involved consultations at different levels with key stakeholders, including central government officials, district offices, flood-affected people, and local political and community leaders. All the executing and implementing agencies were consulted. The findings of the assessment were shared with UN partners to identify the areas of support. The priorities were set jointly and the project components were identified and discussed with all major stakeholders during the assessment and fact-finding mission.
During Project Implementation Ongoing

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Smita Gyawali
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport
Yogendra Rai
Singha Durbar, kathmandu


Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 08 May 2009
Last PDS Update 08 Sep 2015

Grant 0150-NEP

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Apr 2009 03 Aug 2009 25 Aug 2009 31 Dec 2012 30 Jun 2015 26 Nov 2015
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 32.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 25.60 21 Apr 2009 23.16 0.00 94%
Counterpart 6.40 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 21 Apr 2009 23.16 0.00 94%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Partly satisfactory - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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