The Government of Mongolia considers reforming higher education as a major instrument to accelerate economic growth. The government also intends to establish a higher education system that will meet international standards, by having graduates who can successfully compete in an increasingly globally oriented economy. The growth of extractive sectors will provide Mongolia with resources for further economic development. However, without the well-developed higher education system, the country's youth will not be able to compete globally and the economy will remain narrowly based. In February 2008, the Government launched a long-term National Development Strategy until 2020, which highlights the vital importance of strengthening the country's higher education.
|Project Name||Strengthening Higher and Vocational Education Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Technical and vocational education and training - Tertiary
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Government of Mongolia considers reforming higher education as a major instrument to accelerate economic growth. The government also intends to establish a higher education system that will meet international standards, by having graduates who can successfully compete in an increasingly globally oriented economy. The growth of extractive sectors will provide Mongolia with resources for further economic development. However, without the well-developed higher education system, the country's youth will not be able to compete globally and the economy will remain narrowly based. In February 2008, the Government launched a long-term National Development Strategy until 2020, which highlights the vital importance of strengthening the country's higher education. The National Development Strategy sets a wide-ranging and ambitious development agenda with six main priorities to be carried out through 2020: (i) achieve the millennium development goals (MDG); (ii) develop an export-oriented, high tech, knowledge-based economy; (iii) utilize strategic minerals to build savings, growth, and modern processing industry; (iv) develop regions and infrastructure to reduce urban-rural disparities; (v) halt ecosystem imbalances; and (vi) consolidate political democracy and an accountable system free from corruption and red tape. The government's Education Sector Master Plan has set the twin goals of establishing a world-class university system and transforming Mongolia into a knowledge economy.
The education sector strategies in Mongolia of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) are aligned with the government's development objectives under the two pillars of ADB's Country Strategy and Program Update for 2007-2009: a broad-based growth and economic competitiveness through the (i) development of quality education; and (ii) the development of marketable skills, and inclusive social development with an explicit commitment to achieving the MDG and improving access to education services and improved opportunities for vulnerable groups to better participate in economic growth processes. The country partnership strategy (CPS) (2009-2013, under preparation) emphasizes ADB's catalytic role in enhancing the performance of vocational and higher education in the next 5 years. Over the last decade, ADB has provided much needed assistance in basic education through an integrated package of policy reforms and investments, to help transform Mongolia's education sector to meet the demands of a market-oriented economy. However, given Mongolia's evolving needs, ADB's strategies in education need to shift beyond basic education, to vocational and higher education to promote broad-based and inclusive growth.
Higher education has undergone profound changes since Mongolia's independence, including deregulation and a rapid increase in private higher education institutions (HEIs), a considerable increase in student enrollments over the last 15 years, and significant changes in government funding of higher education. Although there are large disparities between urban and rural areas, overall 77% of children complete lower secondary school while 52% complete upper secondary school. Higher education net enrolment among population in the age group of 18 to 24 years is 34.9%. In 2007, 17.3% of the labor force had higher education.
|Impact||Quality of tertiary education improved and strengthened.|
|Description of Outcome||An agreed-upon project design for a project, suitable for ADB financing.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The project design was developed. The RRP was approved by the ADB Board on 28 July 2011|
|Description of Project Outputs||
In-depth analysis of tertiary education.
Set of policy recommendation as KPS prepared.
Project outline that addresses key sector constraints/issues, and includes project management and implementation arrangements.
Detailed project design (including project scope, cost estimates, financing plan, implementation arrangements, and economic, financial, social, gender, and environmental analyses) and feasibility study completed.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||All activiies were completed and outputs were developed satisfactory.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The government was consulted and it fully supports the proposed PPTA to strengthen higher education. NGOs, development partners, relevant government agencies, and HEIs will be consulted during project preparation.|
|During Project Implementation||The government took a strong leadership and coordinated participation of relevant stakeholders.|
|Consulting Services||A team of 8 international consultants providing 20.5 person-months of input, and 10 national consultants with 26.0 person-months of input will be recruited for the technical assistance project.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Tajima, Eisuke|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Ministry of Education, Culture, Science & Sports
Government Building III, Ulaanbateer
|Concept Clearance||21 Jan 2009|
|Fact Finding||26 Jan 2009 to 31 Jan 2009|
|Approval||28 Aug 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||30 Jan 2009|
|Last PDS Update||24 Aug 2011|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|21 Aug 2009||23 Oct 2009||23 Oct 2009||31 May 2010||31 Jul 2011||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|611,000.00||0.00||100,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||711,000.00||21 Aug 2009||609,157.05|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Strengthening Higher and Vocational Education Project - Roadmap for Higher Education||Consultants' Reports||Jul 2010|
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