ADB is helping Mongolia improve the quality of its higher education system and increase enrollment by youth from poor, remote communities. The project will enhance the quality and relevance of higher education programs and address issues such as governance and management, financing, and access. It will fund research facilities and staff training, and support public-private partnerships.
|Project Name||Higher Education Reform Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Tertiary
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The project will institute needed reforms in higher education (HE) to improve the quality and relevance of HE programs; governance, management, and financing of HE institutions (HEIs) and the entire subsector; and promote equitable access to HE. Project interventions include institutional capacity building, human resources development, provision of learning and research facilities, equipment and materials, consultant services, minor civil works, support for public-private partnerships (PPP), and improvement of the HE policy environment.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Rapid economic expansion has led to increased demand and supply for HE in Mongolia. The government has emphasized the value of HE as a principal investment option for the country's long-term economic competitiveness. Gross enrollment ratio for HE rose from 27% in 2000 to 47% in 2007, buttressed by the entry of private institutions offering HE in the 1990s. Over 100 HEIs are now in operation but only around 40% of graduates are employed. Persistent rural-urban inequalities also undermine Mongolia's competitiveness in HE. Poverty serves to destabilize children's school performance in rural areas and even if poor households manage to send their children to HEIs in urban areas, there is no guarantee of employability after the graduation. The government's vision is of an effective HE system that can help accelerate sustainable economic development, improve people's livelihood, ensure social equality, and reduce poverty. However, the system is currently constrained by (i) low quality and relevance, (ii) weak governance and management, (iii) inadequate financing, and (iv) limited opportunities in the HE subsector particularly for the poor and those in rural areas.|
|Impact||The project impact will be an increased number of Mongolia's globally competitive higher education graduates responsive to labor market demands.|
|Description of Outcome||The outcome will be an improved, well-managed, and equitable higher education system. The project primarily involves capacity building of the entire subsector to improve its performance.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The project has been supporting implementation of the government higher education reform policy since its inception, and providing various capacity building activities. As of September 2017, in total 7,910 university administrators, faculty and staff received training in topics supporting the higher education reforms in the country, out of whom 4,672 (59%) were women. In total 185 policy makers, administrators and faculty members attended 23 trainings, capacity building activities overseas.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Quality and relevance of higher education programs improved
Effectiveness of HEIs' management and financing improved
Access to higher education improved.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Progress under Output 1:
- The project is planned to support three programs to be internationally accredited. As of September 2017, General Medicine Program of the Mongolian National University of Medical Science (MNUMS), and Geodesy Program of the Mongolian University of Science and Technology (MUST) have been accredited internationally in 2016-2017.
- The Twinning Agreement was signed between the Accreditation Agency for Degree Programs in Engineering, Informatics, the Natural Sciences and Mathematics of the Federal Republic of Germany (ASIIN) and the National Council for Education Accreditation of Mongolia (NCEA) in June 2016. The aim of the partnership is to strengthen the NCEA's capacity. Under the Twinning program, new criteria and procedures for institutional, program and initial accreditation were developed and approved by Governing Board of NCEA in May 2017. Guidelines and manuals for institutional, program and initial accreditation developed were developed. Over 500 staff and accreditation experts attended workshops and trainings on new accreditation standards and procedures, and internal quality assurance.
- The Labor Market study, Employers Satisfaction Survey and Graduates Tracer Study were conducted at pilot 6 higher education institutes (HEI) in 2016. The project plans to disseminate the approaches and methodologies to other universities.
- The project awarded 208 competitive grants to 59 public and private HEIs, 560 students and 312 researchers. 60 grants were awarded for research works, 13 grants were awarded for the industry and HEI partnership, 18 grants were awarded for the institutional development, and 117 grants were awarded for the students initiated projects.
- Physical learning environment of 3 rural and 5 public HEIs including their branch schools were improved with modern research facilities, equipment and supplies. The laboratory facilities and equipment were supplied to 5 public HEIs.
- The project has been supporting the MUST in applying the CDIO standards in telecommunication, textile technology, and industrial automation technology programs of MUST since 2015.
Progress under Output 2:
- Reforms in sound corporate governance were piloted in two public (National University of Mongolia and MNUMS) and two private (Otgontenger University and Ider Institute) HEIs.
- 335 representatives from MECSS, HEIs, and NGOs attended trainings, seminars and discussions on governance, management and financing of higher education, organized under the project. Around 280 program management staff participated in in-country training between 2015-2016. In total 56 participants attended training on _Higher Education for Tomorrow_ of the University of Hong Kong between 2014-2017.
Progress under Output 3:
- The project provided furniture, tele-conferencing and classroom interactive observation equipment, and software for establishment of distance education centers at the Mongolian State University of Education (MSUE), MSUE, Arkhangai branch school of MSUE, Khovd University, Dornod University, and Zavkhan branch school of NUM.
- In 2017, proportion of female board members and management of public HEIs (director, deputy, branch school director, branch school deputy director, academic affairs director) increased by 8% above 2009 level.
In 2017 the enrollment of rural students decreased by 3% from its 2009 level. There is no statistics available regarding to enrollment of students from disadvantaged groups such as poor, rural and urban.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The simplified environmental management plan, prepared during the project design phase, to ensure full mitigation of any environmental impacts of limited civil works, have been followed for the minor civil works such as rehabilitation of existing facilities.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No impact on environment and resettlement is anticipated. Neither acquisition of land nor relocation of people is planned.|
|Indigenous Peoples||No negative impacts on indigenous peoples are expected. Targeting approaches under the project will be applied nationwide and benefit indigenous peoples.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||All the relevant stakeholders have been consulted during the project processing, and their views and recommendations have been incorporated in the project design.|
|During Project Implementation||The MECSS and PIU conducts consultation meetings and workshops with various stakeholders including the higher education institutes, other higher education sector projects in order to coordinate activities and exchange experiences.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Lonjid, Itgel|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Mongolia Resident Mission|
Ministry of Education, Culture, Science & Sports
Government Building-III, Suite # 514, Baga toiruu-44, Sukhbaatar district
|Concept Clearance||10 Aug 2010|
|Fact Finding||30 Aug 2010 to 14 Sep 2010|
|Approval||28 Jul 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|28 Jul 2011||09 Sep 2011||10 Jan 2012||30 Jun 2017||31 Dec 2018||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||22.22||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||20.00||28 Jul 2011||12.24||0.00||69%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||28 Jul 2011||11.10||0.00||62%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Higher Education Reform Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Nov 2017|
|Amendment to the Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Loan 2766-MON: Higher Education Reform Project||Loan Agreement (Special Operations)||Aug 2016|
|Loan Agreement for Higher Education Reform Project between Mongolia and Asian Development Bank dated 9 September 2011||Loan Agreement (Special Operations)||Sep 2011|
|Higher Education Reform Project: Project Administration Memoranda||Project/Program Administration Manual||Jul 2011|
|Higher Education Reform Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Jul 2011|
|Higher Education Reform Project||Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies||Jul 2011|
|Higher Education Reform Project: Gender Action Plans||Gender Action Plans||Jul 2011|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Improving Labor Market through Higher Education Reform Project in Mongolia||Papers and Briefs||Dec 2011|
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Procurement of Laboratory Equipment and Supplies for National University of Mongolia, ICB 16/22||Loan 2766||15 Jun 2017||Various||Various, Mongolia||Ministry of Education,Culture,Science_& Sports||Supply of Goods||1222342||1111220|