The project is classified under environmental category A. Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) were prepared for each of the five investment components and reviewed and approved by the respective environmental protection bureau. GZARG disclosed relevant environment information to environmentally affected people through consultations in April-October 2010 and the results and findings were reflected in the EIAs and the project design. A project EIA, including an environmental management plan (EMP) and environmental monitoring program, assesses the potential adverse environmental impacts of urban road networks and the WWTP during construction and operation of project facilities. The main identified environmental impacts relate to air, water and noise pollution, solid waste disposal, and borrow and spoil management during project construction. The EMP fully addresses these impacts as well as occupational health and safety issues to ensure residual environmental impacts are insignificant. In addition to addressing common environmental protection issues, the project also demonstrates good environmental due diligence practice by pursuing measures to enhance environmental management on an existing nature reserve. The municipal environmental protection bureaus will support the municipal governments and the project implementing companies (PICs) in implementing the EMPs. Capacity building in environmental management will be provided for GZARG, the municipal governments, and the PICs. An environmental monitoring report will be prepared by GZARG and submitted to ADB semiannually during implementation and annually for 2 years after project completion. A grievance redress mechanism was established under GZARG, the municipal governments, and the PICs to receive and redress public grievances related to environment. The EIA was circulated to the ADB Board of Directors and made publicly available through the ADB website on 10 December 2010.
The external environment monitor was engaged in April 2014.
The project is classified under involuntary resettlement safeguard category A. Five resettlement plans were approved by ADB on 7 January 2011, disclosed to affected persons, and uploaded to the ADB website on 25 January 2011. Overall, the project will acquire 5,288.6 mu of land permanently, of which 30.4% is classified as farmland. Permanent land acquisition will affect 4,555 persons. Temporary acquisition of 469 mu of land will affect 3,173 persons. A total of 1,045 persons will be relocated and about 34,804 square meters of residential and non-residential buildings will be demolished. Removal of 546.6 mu of shrimp aquaculture ponds will affect the livelihoods of 155 persons. In addition, associated productive assets, ground attachments, and basic infrastructure facilities will also be affected. The levels of compensation are based on the relevant PRC regulations, which were confirmed to be adequate after consultation with local governments and those affected, and considering general practice in project cities. The implementation of the project's five resettlement plans will be monitored and evaluated internally and externally. The municipal governments will report implementation progress regularly to GZARG, which in turn will summarize the land acquisition and resettlement progress in the quarterly progress report to ADB. The Guangxi project management office will also engage an independent external monitor who will (i) review resettlement progress and the general welfare of affected persons, (ii) make recommendations to resolve any issues or problems, and (iii) provide advice to GZARG and the municipal governments. The external monitor will pay special attention to vulnerable groups, including the poor, women, and the ethnic minorities, to assess whether they have fully regained their standard of living. Monitoring and evaluation reports will be prepared semiannually during implementation and annually for 2 years after resettlement is completed. They will be submitted to ADB and published on ADB's website. The project has also established a transparent grievance channel that will (i) provide a meaningful consultation mechanism and (ii) trigger remedial action by GZARG and the municipal governments.
The external resettlement and social monitor was engaged in April 2014 and the first semi-annual external monitoring report was submitted in August 2014.
|During Project Design
Based on the findings of the PPTA, major stakeholders include (i) persons directly affected by the project in a positive or negative manners, including agricultural workers and their families, and urban residents in the project areas, other local communities living adjacent to the development areas; (ii) national municipal, district and county government agencies; (iii) project implementing companies (PICs), and operation and maintenance entity of the project facilities; and (iv) industries and local commerce.
The PPTA consultants, the county/district governments and PICs undertook public consultations and ensure participatory approach to design project components, GAP, SAP, and RPs. Consultation included: (i) socio-economic baseline survey of selected components to establish socio-economic profile and needs assessment of potential beneficiaries; (ii) focus group discussions of both women and men, ethnic minorities in ethnic minority counties; and (iii) district/county level and village level key informant interviews of various local government agencies, women's federationsvand village leaders on their knowledge of local issues and opinion on project design and impacts.
|During Project Implementation
The project became effective on 20 August 2012. During the project implementation, project information will be communicated through public consultation and information disclosure mechanism in ADB's and government's website, meetings, interviews, focus group discussions, and community consultation meetings, in accordance with ADB's requirements of information disclosure policy.
Environment. During the project preparation, comments and responses from the public have been finalized in the EIA documents. Future public consultation will include involvement in monitoring impacts and mitigation measures during the construction and operation stages; evaluating environmental and economic benefits and social impacts; and interviewing the public after the project is completed. The city EPBs maintain hotlines for environmental complaints, which will also be made available for continued public inputs for the project. The Grievance Redress Mechanism described in the section VII para. 10 will be maintained by GPMO and the PICs throughout project implementation to ensure that public complaints related to environmental issues will be timely addressed and solved.
Resettlement. All of the affected persons (APs) and municipal governments have been involved in the project impact and social-economic survey. Through meetings, interviews, focus group discussions, public consultation workshops, and community consultation meetings, local representatives have participated in the planning and concerns have been integrated into the RPs. Before implementation, the GPMO, the city PMOs, and the PICs will further discuss and consult with the representatives of the APs the impacts and detailed compensation plan to ensure APs' interests are protected and to provide employment opportunities for the APs' livelihoods as a result of project implementation. GPMO and the city PMOs have disclosed the RPs in offices and to affected people in the local language. The RPs have been posted on the ADB website since 25 January 2011. Resettlement information booklets have also been distributed to affected households. This booklet contains information such as the affected project area, proposed land acquisition and relocation implementation progress and procedure, compensation standards for land acquisition, relocation assistance and livelihood restoration strategy. The respective PICs have established project resettlement units for supervision of implementation, continued public consultation, monitoring of progress, and response to grievances. The grievance redress procedures have been established and explanations are included in the resettlement information booklets.
GAP and SAP. Consultations with communities will take place at different points in the preparation and implementation of the GAP and SAP within the subprojects, and will be designed not only to inform people about the subproject or specific activities related to its preparation and implementation, but also to enable people in the community to ask questions, make suggestions, state preferences and express concerns. Special attention will be made for the participation of women and any other vulnerable groups, such as the poor. The GAP and SAP indicators are monitored and reported annually through consolidated annual reports and verified by external resettlement and social monitoring reports. These reports will be disclosed to the public.
Public disclosure of all project documents will be undertaken through the city PMOs, and on the ADB website including the project information document (PID), DMF, Consolidated EIA, RPs, and the Report and Recommendation of the President (RRP). Disclosure of semi-annual external resettlement and social monitoring report, and semi-annual environmental reports will be undertaken during project implementation.