Regional: Improving Public Management to Achieve Better Development Results in Central and West Asia

Sovereign Project | 43125-012

Summary

The technical assistance (TA) aims to help the institutions in Central and West Asia manage (i.e., plan, allocate, monitor, and account for) public resources in an optimal manner to achieve more targeted and effective results in education and water supply and sanitation sectors. It will also amplify the impact and outcome of ADB's public management operations in Central and West Asia. Rapid gap assessments in core sectors will first identify public management interventions that can improve the results of investment projects. Results management and governance tool kits customized to suit each country's needs will be developed for each sector. Pilots will then be designed for programmatic lending to help participating countries achieve more targeted policy reform as well as effective and tangible results in core sectors in line with ADB's results framework. It will likewise benefit ADB's engagement with participating countries.

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Project Name Improving Public Management to Achieve Better Development Results in Central and West Asia
Project Number 43125-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7710-REG: Improving Public Management to Achieve Better Development Results in Central and West Asia
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Public sector management - Public expenditure and fiscal management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The technical assistance (TA) aims to help the institutions in Central and West Asia manage (i.e., plan, allocate, monitor, and account for) public resources in an optimal manner to achieve more targeted and effective results in education and water supply and sanitation sectors. It will also amplify the impact and outcome of ADB's public management operations in Central and West Asia. Rapid gap assessments in core sectors will first identify public management interventions that can improve the results of investment projects. Results management and governance tool kits customized to suit each country's needs will be developed for each sector. Pilots will then be designed for programmatic lending to help participating countries achieve more targeted policy reform as well as effective and tangible results in core sectors in line with ADB's results framework. It will likewise benefit ADB's engagement with participating countries. The TA will also provide advisory support and training, at the sector level, in budget planning and execution, procurement, fiduciary control, and financing options. The Central and West Asian countries have been made aware by the global financial crisis of the risks of inertia in critical governance and public management reforms, and should mostly own and support the reforms under the TA.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The TA is consistent with the cross-cutting theme of good governance in Strategy 2020. particularly in improving accountability and tranparency. The TA will also help deliver public gods moe cost-effectively. The TA will be consistent with the country partnership strategies and country operations business plans in most CWRD countries, which have either improved governance as theme or public sector (resource) management as a sector. The TA will draw on and include results from other TA and loans to CWRD countries. It will supplement ADB's ongoing and planned projects on public resource management and private sector development. By spporting improvement in results orientation in public management operations in core sectors, the TA is consistent with Strategy 2020.
Impact More efficient and effective provision of public services and infrastructure in education and water supply and sanitation (WSS) sectors in participating Central and West Asian countries
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved results orientation in participating Central and West Asian countries in core sectors under Strategy 2020,a particularly in education and WSS
Progress Toward Outcome

The RETA funded the engagement of an international consultant to carry out a comprehensive sector assessment covering TVET in Tajikistan. The assessment reviewed the scope and structure of the TVET sector in Tajikistan including public and private TVET institutions, enterprises, and NGOs.

Near future assistance is being planned for the preparation of a change management plan to overcome resistance from TVET institutions for the adoption of a results-based Competency-Based Training (CBT) system, preparation of action plan for the eventual adoption of TVET Qualification Framework and CBT guidelines and procedures as part of national policies on skills development, and identification of legal barriers to the adoption of CBT system and recommendations to address them.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Rapid assessment of country sectoral governance and PFM needs and related capacity building

Sector results management and governance tool kits

Proposals to pilot results- and risk based programmatic lending

Training, workshops, and conference

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

A minor change in implementation arrangements and extension of TA closing date was approved in 28 June 2013 (from June 30, 2013 to June 30, 2014), as well as a subsequent minor change in implementation arrangements in November 2013, in order to support the Planning Commission (PC) of Pakistan in results-based strategic formulation.

An Economic Policy, Planning and Development Specialist/Team Leader and three international resource-persons (to provide training in the fields of integrated results-based management and development planning) were engaged in 2014 to assist the Government of Pakistan in producing: (1) a Strategic Vision document (Vision 2025); (2) a results-based development strategy; and (3) a restructuring plan for the Planning Commission to incorporate results-based management.

On June 2014, a second extension of TA completion date, from 30 June 2014 to 30 June 2015, was approved in order to enable:

(i) The completion of ongoing assistance to strategic policy formulation of the Planning Commission of Pakistan, which requires a larger period of implementation as well as additional inputs. The three main deliverables of ADB assistance were a: draft Vision 2025, and results-based development strategy, and restructuring plan for the Planning Commission (PC). The Economic Coordination Council of Pakistan, chaired by the Prime-Minister, has already reviewed the first two deliverables, which enables the institutional attention of the PC to now turn to the policy dialogue regarding restructuring proposals for the PC.

(ii) a subsequent approval of the assistance to integrated results based monitoring that has been under conceptualization with the Planning Commission. This process took a lot longer to reach a clear way plan of implementation that expected, largely as a consequence of the institutional attention that the strategic policy formulation discussed above required from the PC.

(iii) a subsequent approval of minor change in implementation arrangements to accommodate the recruitment of individual consultants to develop sector-specific results management and governance tool kits that can assist (a) the Finance Division of Pakistan in monitoring financial results at public sector enterprises (PSEs), and (b) the Securities Exchange Commission of Pakistan, in monitoring corporate governance upgrades and compliance at PSEs.

The proposals for lending could not be developed under the TA mainly due to delay in lending modality finalization in ADB and low quality of consultant support.

Workshops were already held in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyztan in April and June 2011 respectively.

Training not yet conducted.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The TA was designed after consultations with divison and RM staff. The regional coutries were also consulted and all supported the TA and its four components.
During Project Implementation Specific interventions were developed in consultation with the line ministries in the respective countries.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The TA will include 29 person-months of international and 18 person-months of national consulting services. A firm will be engaged to help implement outputs 1 to 3 of the the TA, which will require 25 person-months of international and 14 person-months of national consulting services, and will be selected through Quality and Cost Based Selection (QCBS) method using a simplified technical proposal with an 80/20 weighting. Cosnultants will (i) undetake the rapid gap assessments on governance and PFM, (ii) prepare the results management and governance tool-based, and (iii) provide advisory in the design of the results and riskbased programmatic lending modality. Consultants engaged for Outputs 1-3 will also provide inputs as experts for the training program and workshops.

Individual consultants will be engaged for output 4 to (i) prepare training, workshop and regional conference materials, and (ii) organize, coordiante, and conduct the training program, workshops and conference. At most 4 experts will be hired to provide inputs of 4 person-months of international and 4 person-months of national consulting services. National consultancy services will include administrative support for the training program, workshops and conference. Resource persons for the regional conference will also be engaged under output 4.

Consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (April 2010, as amended from time to time). The TA will be disbursed in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbusement Handbook (May 2010, as amended from time to time). To engage consultants without delay, advance contracting procedures will be used, in consultantion with ADB's Central Operations Services Office.

Responsible ADB Officer Joao Pedro Farinha Fernandes
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Public Management, Financial Sector and Trade Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 18 Nov 2010
Fact Finding 28 Feb 2009 to 13 Mar 2009
MRM -
Approval 13 Dec 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 19 Nov 2010
Last PDS Update 26 Mar 2015

TA 7710-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2010 - 13 Dec 2010 30 Jun 2013 31 Oct 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 13 Dec 2010 760,203.88

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