Papua New Guinea: Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 43200-024

Summary

The Project will improve Papua New Guinea's (PNG) two-lane national road network by replacing narrow temporary modular steel (or Bailey) and other deteriorated bridges with permanent two-lane structures. The reusable Bailey bridges will be reassembled on rural roads to improve access. The Project is the first phase of the proposed bridge replacement program and covers five of the 16 priority national roads. It is envisaged that the Project scope will be expanded in future to finance subsequent phases of the bridge replacement program using Additional Financing Policy. The Project will develop capacity of the Department of Works (DOW) bridge asset management system (BAMS) and improve road safety awareness in rural areas of PNG where accident rate is high. The project preparatory work was undertaken through an Asian Development Bank (ADB) financed TA to PNG.

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Project Name Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project
Project Number 43200-024
Country Papua New Guinea
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2783-PNG: Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 40.00 million
Loan 2784-PNG: Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 50.00 million
TA 7874-PNG: Major Bridges Study
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 800,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will improve Papua New Guinea's (PNG) two-lane national road network by replacing narrow temporary modular steel (or Bailey) and other deteriorated bridges with permanent two-lane structures. The reusable Bailey bridges will be reassembled on rural roads to improve access. The Project is the first phase of the proposed bridge replacement program and covers five of the 16 priority national roads. It is envisaged that the Project scope will be expanded in future to finance subsequent phases of the bridge replacement program using Additional Financing Policy. The Project will develop capacity of the Department of Works (DOW) bridge asset management system (BAMS) and improve road safety awareness in rural areas of PNG where accident rate is high. The project preparatory work was undertaken through an Asian Development Bank (ADB) financed TA to PNG.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The 6.5 million population of PNG spread over a land area of about 462,000 square kilometers (km) is connected by a network of 8,500 km of national roads and over 20,000 km of provincial and district roads. The bulk of the population (85%) lives in rural areas. The road network on the mainland is not fully integrated due to rugged mountains, major rivers and rainforests requiring air and marine transport to access unconnected areas. Similarly, the islands are connected by air and shipping lines. However, most of the population depends heavily on road transport for their livelihood, economic and social activities.

Owing to the rugged terrain and geographic and climatic conditions, PNG has a relatively large number of bridges for the size of the road network. It is estimated that there are over 700 bridges on the national road network. A large proportion of these are single-lane Bailey bridges that were used due to low-cost and faster deployment during early stages of development of the national road network. Due to limited load carrying capacity, increasing traffic volume and deterioration over time, the Bailey bridges have become a safety risk and weak link in the PNG two-lane national road system. Although the Government, with support of development partners, is actively improving and upgrading the roads, there has not been much investment for improvement of bridges. In view of the large number of bridges involved, a longterm program is needed to gradually replace the Bailey and other deteriorated bridges starting with the 16 priority national roads.

The Project offers a comprehensive bridge replacement program. A sector approach is adopted to provide flexibility in implementation. Detailed selection criteria have been developed to assign priority to bridges that are to be replaced. Based on available financing and ease of contract packaging, bridges will be selected from the prioritized list. The Project is the first phase of implementation of the program and includes five priority national roads identified by DOW. It is envisaged that the scope of the Project will be up-scaled in future to include all 16 priority roads by financing subsequent phases through ADB's Additional Financing Policy.

The Bailey bridges that are removed from the national roads and are in useable condition will be reassembled on selected rural roads that lack bridges for crossing streams and rivers. This will improve accessibility of the rural population to markets, livelihood opportunities, education and health facilities. The improved connectivity of rural roads with the national roads will enhance the effectiveness of the overall road network bringing higher economic returns from increased traffic.

Road safety is a major issue in PNG. The high fatality rate of 45 road deaths per 10,000 vehicles in PNG is one of the worst in the Western Pacific region. About 37% of the deaths are to pedestrians. Rural areas have a much higher number of crashes and fatalities and serious injuries. The National Road Safety Council (NRSC) was established in 2007 to advise and coordinate road safety activities. Despite limited resources, NRSC has been actively pursuing road safety initiatives, particularly awareness campaigns, in and around the capital city of Port Moresby which has the largest urban population. Similar initiatives are needed in the rural areas where 85% of the population resides and the accident rate is high.

The DOW's road asset management system and BAMS were established in 2003 and 2005, respectively, for systematic management of the PNG road network. DOW relies on the provincial staff to collect and update the database on a regular basis. However, due to shortage of staff and financial resources, data collection has been irregular and fragmented. Over time, the database has become outdated and is of little use for planning and operations. To make effective use of BAMS, there is a need to improve the database.

The PNG's Strategic Vision 2050, the Development Strategic Plan (DSP; 2011-2030) and the Medium Term Development Plan (MTDP; 2011-2015) emphasize lack of transport infrastructure as a constraint for PNG's economic and social development. The trade and economic development targets in DSP and MTDP requires considerable growth in the coverage and quality of the national road network. The 10 economic corridors for integrated development in DSP coincide with the 16 priority national roads. Improvements on these roads will have a direct impact on economic development. Effective service delivery and income opportunities for the 85% rural population are key priorities. Improved accessibility of rural road networks will open up markets, increase agricultural profitability, facilitate market chain linkage with downstream processing and export markets and expand health services.

The bridge replacement program is included in the existing National Transport Development Plan (2006-2010) but could not be implemented due to resource constraints. A long-term National Transport Strategy (NTS 2011-2030) is under preparation to support the DSP and will become effective on completion. NTS supports the bridge replacement program by emphasizing the desirable/minimum level of service for the national roads where narrow Bailey bridges are considered below standard and a safety and security risk. The Government is keen to proceed with the replacement of temporary Bailey and other deteriorated bridges on the national roads with permanent structures. This is reflected in the ADB's Country Partnership Strategy (2011-2015) and the Country Operations Business Plan (2011-2012).

Impact The rural population in selected provinces has improved access to markets and social services.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The road network in rural areas of selected provinces is better connected, more efficient and safer.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Single-lane bailey bridges are replaced with permanent two-lane structures on five priority national roads

2. Reusable bailey bridges installed on rural roads

3. Capacity of the Department of Works to implement the Bridge Asset Management System improved

4. Road safety awareness in rural areas improved

5. Project implementation unit administers implementation

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Environmental impacts will be minimal.
Involuntary Resettlement For national roads, involuntary resettlement may be needed in case of realignment. For rural roads, initial consultation indicates voluntary provision of land if additional land is needed for installation of bailey bridges.
Indigenous Peoples Over 800 linguistic groups in PNG have distinct cultural and social practices, but they do not consider themselves ethnic minorities. There will be no adverse impact on the indigenous people.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Department of Works will be the executing agency for the TA. The TA will require a total of 14 person-months input of international consultants and 18 person-months of national consultants. The consultants will be engaged through a firm using quality- and cost-based selection (90:10). ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time) will be followed.
Responsible ADB Officer Muhammad Amir Ingratubun
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Papua New Guinea Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Department of WorksANNIGGINS@ONLINE.NET.PGP.O. Box 1108
Boroko, NCD
Papua New Guinea
Timetable
Concept Clearance 03 Sep 2010
Fact Finding 20 Jun 2011 to 01 Jul 2011
MRM 05 Aug 2011
Approval 28 Sep 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 06 Oct 2011

Loan 2783-PNG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2011 24 Nov 2011 21 Mar 2012 30 Jun 2017 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 50.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 40.00 28 Sep 2011 32.46 0.00 81%
Counterpart 10.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Sep 2011 6.85 0.00 17%

Loan 2784-PNG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2011 24 Nov 2011 21 Mar 2012 30 Jun 2017 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 50.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 50.00 28 Sep 2011 28.56 0.00 64%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Sep 2011 8.52 0.00 19%

TA 7874-PNG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2011 20 Dec 2011 20 Dec 2011 30 Jun 2013 31 Dec 2014 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
800,000.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 900,000.00 28 Sep 2011 682,185.40
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - - - -

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: New Britain Highway Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jan 2015
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project - New Britain Highway: Resettlement Action Plan Resettlement Plans Dec 2014
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project - Magi Highway: Resettlement Action Plan Resettlement Plans Dec 2014
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project - Hiritano Highway: Resettlement Action Plan Resettlement Plans Dec 2014
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Hiritano Highway Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Aug 2014
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Magi Highway Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Aug 2014
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Jul 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Sepik Highway (as of Board approval) Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Sepik Highway Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Hiritano Highway (as of Board approval) Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Ramu Highway Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Magi Highway (as of Board approval) Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Environmental Assessment and Review Framework (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: New Britain Highway Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: New Britain Highway (as of Board approval) Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Magi Highway Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Ramu Highway (as of Board approval) Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Resettlement Framework (as of Board approval) Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Hiritano Highway Resettlement Planning Documents Jun 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Ramu Highway (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Project: Hiritano Highway Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Sepik Highway (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Project: Sepik Highway Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Hiritano Highway (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Project: Ramu Highway Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: Magi Highway (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Project: New Britain Highway Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Sector Project: New Britain Highway (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011
Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Project: Magi Highway Environmental Assessment and Measures Apr 2011

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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