Philippines: Mitigation of Climate Change through Increased Energy Efficiency and the Use of Clean Energy

Sovereign Project | 43207-012 Status: Closed


Latest Project Documents

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Project Name Mitigation of Climate Change through Increased Energy Efficiency and the Use of Clean Energy
Project Number 43207-012
Country Philippines
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7754-PHI: Mitigation of Climate Change through Increased Energy Efficiency and the Use of Clean Energy
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 225,000.00
Japan Special Fund US$ 700,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Energy - Energy efficiency and conservation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nationwide

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design ADB has organized various workshops and consultation meetings involving local industry pleayers and interested overseas investors.
During Project Implementation Project team have undertaken various stakeholders consultations and organized industry meetings and workshops.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services Several consultants have been engaged to support the preparation of the e-Trike Project and to assist the executing agency, Department of Energy, during the early start-up of project activities while waiting for the project implementation consultants to be engaged. These consultants were also assisted the EA in (i) promoting and marketing the e-Trikes to the local government units; (ii) launching industry meeting/s on the technical aspects of the project; and (iii) strengthening capacity of DOE staff on procurement and implementation.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Sohail Hasnie
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Energy Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Department of Energy
PNPC Complex
Merritt Road, Fort Bonifacio
Makati, Metro Manila


Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 21 Dec 2009
Last PDS Update 26 Sep 2014

TA 7754-PHI

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Dec 2010 24 Feb 2011 24 Feb 2011 31 Aug 2011 31 Aug 2014 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
925,000.00 0.00 175,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,100,000.00 16 Dec 2010 842,260.12

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

E-Trikes - Driving Change

Interested bidders/groups may view the mock up model at ADB HQ. For more information, contact Mariane Sual, 6324444 loc 70781.

There are approximately 3.5 million conventional combustion engine tricycles and motorcycles operating in the Philippines, contributing millions of tons of carbon dioxide emissions to the environment every year. These vehicles have a dramatic impact on air quality, affecting many aspects of life in the Philippines, from national health to increased exposure to climate change risks.

ADB, in partnership with the Philippine government and the Department of Energy, hopes to transform the public transportation sector by widely adopting electric vehicles, specifically tricycles (e-trikes) throughout the Philippines. Using innovative technology and competitive financing, this project will achieve widespread adoption of electric tricycles and the development of a sustainable local e-trike manufacturing industry.

Note: As of January 2012, the only electric tricycles operating under the e-trike pilot project sponsored by ADB and the Philippine Department of Energy (DOE) are the 20 units running in Mandaluyong City. Other than those 20 units, no other electric tricycles have been deployed under the ADB-DOE Project anywhere in the Philippines.

Note: As of January 2012, the only electric tricycles operating under the e-trike pilot project sponsored by ADB and the Philippine Department of Energy (DOE) are the 20 units running in Mandaluyong City. Other than those 20 units, no other electric tricycles have been deployed under the ADB-DOE Project anywhere in the Philippines.


Energy use in non-OECD Asia is expected to increase 118% by 2035, and harmful greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector are projected to increase more than 200% worldwide by 2030. Emissions from the transport sector represent 30% of all air pollution, and a significant contributor is inefficient, out-dated public transportation.

As the Philippine economy continues to grow, and energy demand increases accordingly, two scenarios are likely:

  1. a growing economy will lead to higher quality of life, more cars on the road, and a higher volume of greenhouse gas emissions; and
  2. a rising world demand for oil will result in higher gas prices for consumers.

Given these scenarios, electric vehicles pose a valuable solution for the nation's energy security and for millions of consumers who depend on imported energy.

As a net importer of energy, the growing transportation needs of the Philippines will become more and more costly over time. This makes using electricity for transportation a more sustainable long-term solution. By adopting electric tricycles, the Philippines can become a leader in green public transportation and pave the way for a growing electric vehicles market around the world.

Project description

ADB is working with the Government of the Philippines to promote the adoption of e-trikes first in Metro Manila and, soon, throughout the country. Ultimately, ADB and the government hope to see 100,000 electric tricycles on the road by 2016.

Electric vehicles are highly efficient, using up to 75% of their energy to power the vehicle versus only 20% used in most internal combustion engines. The e-trike produces no noise and zero tailpipe emissions and can be charged at night during off-peak electricity hours.

ADB will work with local government units (LGUs) and the private sector to establish financing mechanisms whereby tricycle drivers will have the opportunity to lease or lease-to-own the e-trikes by paying less than 200 pesos a day. This will allow the driver a higher take-home income. For example, a conventional tricycle needs between 5 and 7 liters of gasoline to travel approximately 100 kilometers (km), costing 250 to 350 pesos. To travel the same 100 km, an e-trike will use between 3 kilowatt hours (kWh) and 5 kWh of electricity, costing only 30 to 50 pesos. The 200 peso difference in fuel savings will help the driver pay for the cost of the e-trike.


This project will take advantage of cutting-edge technology that is readily available, but that faces institutional market challenges. The success of electric vehicles has been heavily dependent on the evolution of battery technology. In recent years, heavy lead acid batteries have given way to lithium ion battery technology, which allows for 2000 to 3000 cycle charges as well as a lighter load with stronger acceleration capability.

Lithium ion batteries are expected to become the most popular technology in plug-in-hybrid and all-electric-hybrid vehicles and are projected to dominate the electric vehicle battery market by 2017. Today's lithium ion batteries are produced almost exclusively in Asia, representing a significant opportunity for the Philippines.

LGUs will also have considerable influence over the design of e-trikes in their areas. E-trike bodies can range in size and design, and tests are being conducted on submersible motors for areas that are more prone to flooding.

Some municipalities may also choose to erect solar charging stations for the e-trikes, compounding their benefits. By charging the units with solar power, the e-trike becomes a zero emissions mode of transportation, thereby promoting renewable energy, mitigating the harmful effects of climate change, and driving change in the country and throughout the region.

See list of   Lithium Ion Battery Suppliers.*

Related links

See Also

* Disclaimer: The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is providing this list of battery suppliers not as an endorsement but to facilitate industry development. These suppliers have formally expressed interest to work on the project in response to ADB's earlier request for information.

06 June 2012
Consultation Meeting on Renewable Energy Sector Developments and Possible Initiatives

The Center for Clean and Renewable Energy Development (C-CRED) convened a meeting with its partners to discuss developments in the renewable energy (RE) sector and to identify constructive efforts by which it can, together with government and the Asian Development Bank, collaborate to develop and harness RE to benefit the marginalized sectors of society.

Read the   highlights of this event.

Day 1 of the ADB-DOE Clean Technology Fund Investment Plan Consultations held at ADB Headquarters in Manila.

21 - 23 May 2012
ADB-DOE Clean Technology Fund Investment Plan Consultations

The Department of Energy (DOE) and the ADB hosted a series of consultations with civil society organizations and other stakeholders to review the Philippines CTF Investment Plan update and the proposed electric tricycles (e-trike) project.

The consultations covered the following topics:

  • Why not Renewable Energy for the CTF?
  • Electrification of Public Transport: Why E-Trikes?
  • Alternative Fuel Vehicles and Finance
  • Project Level Discussions

Day 2 of the Consultation Meeting on the DOE‐ADB Initiative for E‐trikes in the Philippines on the Electrification of Public Transport: Why E-trikes?

Objectives were, among others, to understand the current state of renewable energy in the Philippines and justify why electric tricycles were selected by the DOE to receive CTF funding.

May 21
Switch from RE to Sustainable Transport

This was the first in a series of civil society consultations evaluating the reallocation of CTF funds from the renewable energy sector to the sustainable transport sector, namely the e-Trike project.

May 22
Why E-trikes?

Day 3 of the Consultation Meeting on the DOE‐ADB Initiative for E-trikes in the Philippines on Alternative Fuel Vehicle & Finance and Project Design.

This topic was addressed on the second day of consultations. The objective was to clarify and discuss the need for electrification of tricycles as part of the DOE-ADB initiative using resources from the Clean Technology Fund.

May 23
Project Design and AFV Financing

On the final day of the 3-day consultations, the objectives were twofold: to understand and contribute to specific aspects of the e-trike project design, and to understand the proposed e-trike financing scheme.