Bhutan: Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers' Livelihoods

Sovereign Project | 43279-012

Summary

The project aims to improve the living conditions and well-being of the rural poor in Bhutan thru construction of rural roads.

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers' Livelihoods
Project Number 43279-012
Country Bhutan
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9146-BHU: Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers' Livelihoods
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 3.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The project aims to improve the living conditions and well-being of the rural poor in Bhutan thru construction of rural roads.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

ADB's Country Strategy and Program for Bhutan (2006-2010) recognizes that geographic isolation is a major cause of poverty and underdevelopment in Bhutan. Half the country's population lives more than a half day's walk from the nearest motorable road. Because of the mountainous terrain, the area of land suitable for agriculture is very limited and the population is distributed in remote, scattered settlements. A well-connected national highway and road system interlinked with rural feeder and farm roads would greatly help reduce rural and regional isolation, expand rural access to social services and urban/export markets and create conditions required to promote rural industrialization and non-farm enterprises.

The Poverty Analysis Report (PAR) 2007 indicates that 98% of the poor live in rural Bhutan and that the incidence of rural poverty is about 31% as compared to only 1.7% percent in urban areas. The Tenth Five-Year Plan, 2008-2013 (Tenth Plan), therefore, gives importance to rural and agriculture sectors in its approach to poverty reduction. The Tenth Plan also aims to promote accessibility through the extensive development of farm roads and power tiller tracks in rural areas thus ensuring better access to and from markets and economic and social services, including facilitating the delivery of essential inputs to farmers. ADB's strategy includes support to the Government in improving rural access, to reduce the walking time to the nearest road and integrate remote areas and communities into the national transport network. The proposed JFPR project will support this strategy, by expanding the network of farm roads, linking rural communities to the road network being expanded under the ADB-assisted ongoing Road Network Project (RNP). The RNP includes construction of four feeder roads, mainly in Eastern Bhutan with its higher poverty incidence, but also to improve rural access in the western region. Proposed farm roads will link to these feeder roads.

Impact Increased incomes of rural population in project area.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved and sustainable access to economic and social services in 3 geogs
Progress Toward Outcome Activities are complete and outcomes achieved. EA's completion report was received on 16 December 2014 and project closing is maintained at 30 June 2014.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Selected farm roads developed.

2. Community management and maintenance of farm roads institutionalized.

3. Small marketing infastructure and equipment provided for the subsistence-level poor

4. Improved skills allow farmers in project area to access financial and technical services

5. Grant management, monitoring, and evaluation

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed.

Completed.

Completed.

Completed.

Completed.

Achieved in Oct 2013.

Done in Oct 2013.

Completed.

Completed.

Procurement completed

Proposed groups have met this target.

Completed.

Achieved.

Achieved

Done

Done

Completed.

Completed as scheduled.

Geographical Location Bongo (Chukha Dzongkhag), Kangpara and Trimshing (Trashigang Dzongkhag)
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Environmental safeguards are built into the Government's procedures for farm road development and construction, including preparation of an environment management plan and applying guidelines for envirionmentally-friendly road construction.
Involuntary Resettlement No social issues under the Project.
Indigenous Peoples No social issues under the Project
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholders have participated in identifing and prioritizing the farm roads, which are included in the Tenth Five-Year Plan. During appraisal, stakeholder consultations were held at each of the identified project sites.
During Project Implementation Farm roads will be developed in accordance with the Department of Agriculture's Guidelines for Farm Road Development which provide for community consultations in defining the preferred road alignment and obtaining agreement in principle for voluntary land contribution.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The following consultants were recruited during implementation of the project: (i) Rural Roads Expert (by ADB) - individual consultant; (ii) Social Development/Gender Specialist and social mobilizers (by the EA); (iii) Survey and Design team (by the EA); and (iv) Baseline Survey (by the EA)
Procurement About 30 kilometers of selected farm roads will be developed in 2 poorest geogs (Bongo and Trimshing) in Bhutan (through local contractors for civil works) in accordance with the procedures in the Department of Agriculture's Guidelines for Farm Road Development and following the environment friendly road construction techniques.
Responsible ADB Officer Nishanthi Manjula Amerasinghe
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of FinanceRoyal Government of Bhutan
Thimphu, Bhutan
Attention: Director
Department of RoadsMr. Minjur Dorjim_dorji@moaf.gov.btEngineering Division, Department of Agriculture
Timetable
Concept Clearance 06 Oct 2009
Fact Finding 16 Mar 2010 to 21 Mar 2010
MRM -
Approval 14 Jul 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 30 Oct 2009
Last PDS Update 27 Jul 2015

Grant 9146-BHU

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
14 Jul 2010 02 Aug 2010 02 Aug 2010 13 Jan 2014 30 Jun 2014 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 3.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 14 Jul 2010 0.00 3.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.00 14 Jul 2010 0.00 2.91 97%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers’ Livelihoods Procurement Plans May 2013
Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers' Livelihoods Grant Implementation Manuals Mar 2012
Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers' Livelihoods Grant Assistance Reports Jun 2010
Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers' Livelihoods Design and Monitoring Frameworks Jan 2010

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers' Livelihoods: Jungley-Bongo-Phatshuma Farm Road Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2011
Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers' Livelihoods: Phegpari-Thungkhar Farm Road Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2011
Farm Roads to Support Poor Farmers' Livelihoods Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Mar 2010

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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