Regional: Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region

Sovereign Project | 43288-012

Summary

The technical assistance (TA) is to foster more effective infrastructure development in the Central and West Asia (CWA) developing member countries (DMCs) by improving their land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) performance. This will be accomplished by (i) providing a capacity building program to increase the understanding of governments and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) of the LAR aspects of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) 2009 and LAR improvements needed in each DMC; (ii) promoting country ownership of sound LAR; (iii) narrowing gaps between local practice and ADB policy; and (iv) developing procedures and technical tools to prepare and execute better resettlement plans.

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Project Name Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region
Project Number 43288-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7433-REG: Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 5.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Energy - Electricity transmission and distribution - Renewable energy generation - small hydro
Public sector management - Law and judiciary
Transport - Rail transport (non-urban) - Road transport (non-urban)
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban slum development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The technical assistance (TA) is to foster more effective infrastructure development in the Central and West Asia (CWA) developing member countries (DMCs) by improving their land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) performance. This will be accomplished by (i) providing a capacity building program to increase the understanding of governments and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) of the LAR aspects of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) 2009 and LAR improvements needed in each DMC; (ii) promoting country ownership of sound LAR; (iii) narrowing gaps between local practice and ADB policy; and (iv) developing procedures and technical tools to prepare and execute better resettlement plans.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The TA is consistent with the ADB SPS 2009 and the 2006 special evaluation study of the Independent Evaluation Department (IED) and supports the ADB Strategy 2020 and the 2005 Paris Declaration agenda. ADB has financed similar TA projects but, except for Pakistan, they never involved DMCs in the region covered by ADB's Central and West Asia Department (CWRD). Moreover, these efforts had mixed results in improving LAR performance as they provided only assessments, recommendations, or draft country policies or policy agendas. This TA incorporates lessons from these past efforts, and focuses primarily on LAR improvements obtainable under existing laws, such as solving administrative bottlenecks, improving coordination, and providing technical know-how.
Impact Effective infrastructure development in Central and West Asia region
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome LAR mechanisms and performance in each participating DMC improved
Progress Toward Outcome The TA midterm review (MTR) was completed in September 2014. Outcomes are being achieved. International TA Coordinator appointed to ADB HQ; all national resettlement consultants recruited, with the exception of UZB, where recruitment is in progress. Additional national consultant positions recommended in MTR in the process of recruitment. International consultants are in place in AZE/KAZ, and KGZ/TAJ while replacement recruitment for AFG is in progress.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Country-specific assessment of LAR practice and action plan for capacity building.

Country specific alignment of policy and enhancement of LAR administration and procedures.

Country-specific improvements of technical instruments for LAR.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Conduct of Country Assessment (CA)

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1. CAs have been completed and are under review and updating by the working groups and ADB in all participating DMCs except KAZ, where CA is under preparation, and UZB, where CA will commence following recruitment of national resettlement consultant.

2. UZB country endorsement of RETA received in November 2014 and recruitment of national specialist in process. TKM participation no longer recommended due to low number of ongoing projects.

Institutional and Technical Capacity Building Plans

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1. 2015 capacity building plans have been produced for all participating DMCs (tentative for UZB)

2. Various stakeholders in each participating DMC are closely consulted in drafting of capacity building plans.

3. On-the-job training by local consultants funded under the RETA continues, in each participating DMC, with key stakeholders, including Government executing and implementing agencies.

Implementation Issues

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1. Difficulty in hiring and keeping consultants, both international and national, with the requisite specialist skills, has been the major contributor to the delay in the TA implementation.

2. Changes to government in participating DMCs delays implementation when focal agencies and/or working groups need to be reformed.

Geographical Location AFG, ARM, AZE, GEO, KAZ, KGZ, PAK, TAJ,TKM, UZB
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder consultations were conducted during the TA preparation stage.
During Project Implementation TA stakeholder consultations and engagement are ongoing.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services 93 person-months of international consultants and 396 person-months of local consultants.
Responsible ADB Officer Michael J. Beauchamp
Responsible ADB Department Office of the Director General, CWRD
Responsible ADB Division Portfolio, Results, Safeguards and Social Sector Unit, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Oct 2009
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 11 Dec 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Oct 2009
Last PDS Update 19 Mar 2015

TA 7433-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
11 Dec 2009 - 11 Dec 2009 28 Feb 2014 28 Feb 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,000,000.00 11 Dec 2009 2,214,743.02
Title Document Type Document Date
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Kyrgyz Republic Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Pakistan Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Armenia Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Tajikistan Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Azerbaijan Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Kyrgyz Republic Country Safeguard Guidance Notes: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Georgia Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Afghanistan Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region Technical Assistance Reports Nov 2009

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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