Regional: Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region

Sovereign Project | 43288-012 Status: Approved

Summary

The technical assistance (TA) is to foster more effective infrastructure development in the Central and West Asia (CWA) developing member countries (DMCs) by improving their land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) performance. This will be accomplished by (i) providing a capacity building program to increase the understanding of governments and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) of the LAR aspects of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) 2009 and LAR improvements needed in each DMC; (ii) promoting country ownership of sound LAR; (iii) narrowing gaps between local practice and ADB policy; and (iv) developing procedures and technical tools to prepare and execute better resettlement plans.

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Project Name Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region
Project Number 43288-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7433-REG: Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 5.00 million
Strategic Agendas Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Energy - Electricity transmission and distribution - Renewable energy generation - small hydro

Public sector management - Law and judiciary

Transport - Rail transport (non-urban) - Road transport (non-urban)

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban slum development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The technical assistance (TA) is to foster more effective infrastructure development in the Central and West Asia (CWA) developing member countries (DMCs) by improving their land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) performance. This will be accomplished by (i) providing a capacity building program to increase the understanding of governments and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) of the LAR aspects of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) 2009 and LAR improvements needed in each DMC; (ii) promoting country ownership of sound LAR; (iii) narrowing gaps between local practice and ADB policy; and (iv) developing procedures and technical tools to prepare and execute better resettlement plans.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The TA is consistent with the ADB SPS 2009 and the 2006 special evaluation study of the Independent Evaluation Department (IED) and supports the ADB Strategy 2020 and the 2005 Paris Declaration agenda. ADB has financed similar TA projects but, except for Pakistan, they never involved DMCs in the region covered by ADB's Central and West Asia Department (CWRD). Moreover, these efforts had mixed results in improving LAR performance as they provided only assessments, recommendations, or draft country policies or policy agendas. This TA incorporates lessons from these past efforts, and focuses primarily on LAR improvements obtainable under existing laws, such as solving administrative bottlenecks, improving coordination, and providing technical know-how.
Impact Effective infrastructure development in Central and West Asia region

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome LAR mechanisms and performance in each participating DMC improved
Progress Toward Outcome Outcomes are being achieved. RETA is now fully staffed, with the exception of ongoing recruitment of short term subject matter specialists, and replacement national RETA consultant in KAZ. LAR capacity within DMCs is improving through the implementation of training programs and development of LAR tools in each DMC. Capacity of executing agencies to manage grievances at project level is being strengthened through improved grievance review mechanisms and regular engagement with local and regional stakeholders. The RETA has been extended until August 2017, with a primary focus being support for processing and implementation, which is ongoing in all participating DMCs.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Country-specific assessment of LAR practice and action plan for capacity building.

Country specific alignment of policy and enhancement of LAR administration and procedures.

Country-specific improvements of technical instruments for LAR.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Conduct of Country Assessment (CA)

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1. CAs have been completed in all participating DMCs except KAZ, where CA requires revision following changes to administrative arrangements, and UZB, where CA has progressed well, following recruitment of national resettlement consultant in May 2015.

Institutional and Technical Capacity Building Plans

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1. Based on the finalized CA reports, ARM, AZE, KGZ and TAJ developed agreed capacity building action plans (CBAPs) in 2015, with AFG and GEO expected to finalize CBAP in Q2 2016. Priority areas for policy alignment and LAR streamlining have been agreed in ARM, AZE, KGZ, and TAJ and included in the CBAPs, with areas identified and similar consultations underway in AFG, GEO, KAZ and PAK.

2. 28 training workshops (5 in 2014 and 23 in 2015) were held on LAR in AFG, ARM, AZE, GEO, KGZ, PAK and TAJ; and the RETA organized one sub-regional workshop on valuation in Baku, AZE, and one regional review and planning workshop at ADB HQ in Manila.

3. Technical tools (Guidance Notes) on various aspects of LAR have been drafted for 7 DMCs, with final GNs expected in Q2 2016 in ARM, KGZ and TAJ (PIUs and EAs in ARM and KGZ have already started making use of the selected chapters of GNs).

4. Functional grievance redress mechanisms have been developed, pilot tested and agreed in 6 DMCs: ARM, AZE, GEO, KGZ, PAK, and TAJ.

5. On-the-job training (OJT) has proved to be an effective component of the RETA 7433, assisting key stakeholders with improved LAR planning and timely delivery of LAR in ARM, AZE, GEO, KGZ, PAK, TAJ and UZB. Coaching provided by RETA consultants to EAs and PIUs under the OJT has included: processing and administration of social safeguards, review and assistance in resolving grievances, delivery of seminars and training, and support to reconnaissance/fact finding/ project review/project completion missions. OJT will be a major focus of the RETA in the extension to 31 August 2017.

Implementation Issues

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1. Difficulty in hiring and keeping consultants, both international and national, with the requisite specialist skills, has been the major contributor to the delay in the TA implementation.

2. Changes to government in participating DMCs delays implementation when focal agencies and/or working groups need to be reformed.

3. Personnel turnover in executing and implementing agencies, including safeguard staff, requiring continuous on-the-job training by RETA local consultants.

Geographical Location AFG, ARM, AZE, GEO, KAZ, KGZ, PAK, TAJ,TKM, UZB

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder consultations were conducted during the TA preparation stage.
During Project Implementation TA stakeholder consultations and engagement are ongoing.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services 93 person-months of international consultants and 396 person-months of local consultants.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Michael Beauchamp
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division CWOD-PSG
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines

Timetable

Concept Clearance 09 Oct 2009
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 11 Dec 2009
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Oct 2009
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

TA 7433-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
11 Dec 2009 - 11 Dec 2009 28 Feb 2014 31 Aug 2017 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,000,000.00 11 Dec 2009 3,182,432.04
Title Document Type Document Date
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Armenia Involuntary Resettlement Guidance Notes: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Feb 2016
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Armenia Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Aug 2015
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Kyrgyz Republic Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Pakistan Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Tajikistan Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Azerbaijan Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Kyrgyz Republic Country Safeguard Guidance Notes: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Georgia Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region - Afghanistan Country Assessment: Consultant's Report Consultants' Reports Nov 2014
Mainstreaming Land Acquisition and Resettlement Safeguards in the Central and West Asia Region Technical Assistance Reports Nov 2009

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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