The Government of Viet Nam has requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for technical assistance (TA) to undertake a study on climate change impact and adaptation in the Mekong Delta. The TA supports the Government's National Target Plan (NTP) for responding to climate change, as well as Viet Nam's commitments under the United Nations framework Convention on Climate Change. It complements the Government's national socioeconomic development plan and Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy.
Total cost of the TA is expected to be $1,630,000 equivalent, of which (i) $800,000 will be financed on a grant basis by the Government of Australia, and administered by ADB; and (ii) $500,000 will be financed on a grant basis by the Climate Change Fund. The Government will finance the remaining $330,000 in kind, covering the costs of office accommodation, transport, utilities, remuneration for counterpart staff, as well as training and workshop facilities.
The TA will be implemented in two parts. Part A is climate change prediction and impact assessment, while part B is climate change adaptation and planning. Part A will include output 1: identification of future climate conditions in the Mekong Delta region; and output 2: assessment of the effects of future climate scenarios on natural, social, and economic systems in the Mekong Delta region. Part B will include output 3: identification of appropriate climate change adaptation measures for target provinces and targeted regional sectors; and output 4: development of pilot projects for scaling up and replication of TA outcomes and support to collaborative mechanisms for information sharing and coordinated action on climate change. Both parts of the TA will incorporate institutional strengthening activities for Government decision makers and technical staff, as well as awareness raising activities for the community (output 5). A fundamental principle of the TA will be to implement a participatory approach involving national and provincial government representatives.
The expected impact is that poor and rural people in the Mekong Delta region will have developed physical and economic resilience to future climate change and variability. The TA will
contribute to the Government's socioeconomic development goals of poverty reduction and continued economic growth as contained in the national socioeconomic development plan and the Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy. It will also contribute to fulfilling the goals of the NTP in relation to addressing climate change issues within a context of poverty alleviation and sustainable development.
The expected outcome is that sector and provincial authorities in the Mekong Delta region will have developed the capacity to increase climate-resilience of programs, plans, policies, and/or projects to guide future development planning. This outcome will result in increased climate change resilience in the region and contribute to poverty reduction through (i) climateproofed socioeconomic development planning at provincial level (e.g., urban land use planning to avoid flooding of sensitive areas, adjusting agricultural patterns to adapt to changing drought or salinity conditions, providing such protective infrastructure as dikes, or enhancing natural protective ecosystems); (ii) adoption of regional adaptation measures to protect agricultural production and thus the livelihoods of poor, near poor, and rural households through structural and nonstructural measures; and (iii) development of climate- resilient infrastructure in the transport and energy sectors that will aid in protecting the livelihoods of vulnerable groups, as well as in supporting overall economic development.
Target provinces selected for the TA are Ca Mau and Kien Giang. Kien Giang was chosen because it has a conventional coastal and insular environment with a westerly aspect that is less exposed to mainstream hydrological influences. Existing community development and natural resources projects in this province will provide data sources and useful connections to local stakeholders. Ca Mau was selected as it is a large coastal province with a diverse mixture of land use types, remnant natural ecosystems, important infrastructure development in the energy and transport sectors, and pockets of high poverty rates and ethnic minority groups.
Regional sectors targeted for the TA are agriculture, energy, and transport. The agriculture sector was selected due to the region's importance to national food production and
the population's high reliance on agricultural activities for its livelihoods. Agriculture is identified as a key sector for climate change adaptation in the region, and it is the subject of the
Government's action plan for adaptation to climate change in agriculture and rural development. Energy and transport were selected as target sectors due to (i) the vulnerability of energy and transport infrastructure to climate change, (ii) the importance of energy and transport infrastructure to economic development and enhancing livelihoods among socially vulnerable groups, and (iii) the presence of important national energy and transport infrastructure in the Mekong Delta region.
The Department of Meteo-Hydrology and Climate Change within MONRE will be the executing agency. The provincial people's committees of Ca Mau and Kien Giang will be implementing agencies for the activities at provincial level. There will be established within each province a steering committee (chaired by the vice-chairperson of the provincial people's committee and with the deputy director of DONRE as vice-chair) and a project management unit (headed by the deputy director of DONRE and composed of technical staff from the relevant departments).
Regional activities at sectoral level will be carried out by a regional sector technical working group chaired by the Department of Meteo-Hydrology and Climate Change. The
working group will be responsible for (i) guiding study activities related to regional sector analyses; (ii) providing technical inputs; (iii) sharing information, collaborating on study progress and outcomes, and liaising with senior decision makers and technical staff within relevant ministries and agencies; (iv) reviewing study outputs and contributing to evaluation and prioritization of regional sector adaptation options; and (v) disseminating study findings and recommendations to senior decision makers and technical staff. The working group will involve representatives of the Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Viet Nam Electricity, and Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The national level NTP Committee, the Climate Change Working Group of the International Support Group for the Environment, and the Natural Disaster Mitigation Partnership will be briefed on study progress and findings.