Cambodia: Provincial Roads Improvement Project

Sovereign Project | 43309-013

Summary

The project will (i) improve Cambodia's provincial road network in four provinces -- Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Prey Viang, and Svay Rieng; (ii) improve the Ministry of Public Works and Transport's (MPWT) road asset management capabilities through an enhanced axle load control program; and (iii) help the MPWT establish a community-based road safety program for the project provinces. The project also supports road design and planning for climate resilience and disaster management, including emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response. The feasibility study for the project was prepared through an ADB TA to the Government (TA 7665-CAM).

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

See also: CMS

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Notices

See also: Operational Procurement

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Documents


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Project Name Provincial Roads Improvement Project
Project Number 43309-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0278-CAM: Provincial Roads Improvement Project
Strategic Climate Fund US$ 7.00 million
Loan 2839-CAM: Provincial Roads Improvement Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 52.00 million
Loan 8254-CAM: Provincial Roads Improvement Project
Strategic Climate Fund US$ 10.00 million
TA 8005-CAM: Supporting Strengthening and Institutional Reform for the Department of Land Transport of the Ministry of Public Works and Transport
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will (i) improve Cambodia's provincial road network in four provinces -- Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Prey Viang, and Svay Rieng; (ii) improve the Ministry of Public Works and Transport's (MPWT) road asset management capabilities through an enhanced axle load control program; and (iii) help the MPWT establish a community-based road safety program for the project provinces. The project also supports road design and planning for climate resilience and disaster management, including emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response. The feasibility study for the project was prepared through an ADB TA to the Government (TA 7665-CAM).
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The project will rehabilitate the pavement of about 157 km of roads in Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Prey Vang, and Svay Rieng provinces. The rehabilitation program will progive a safer, climate-resilient, and cost-effective provincial road network with all-year access to markets and other social services for provincial centers of southeastern and midwestern Cambodia. A new cross-border facility will be constructed in Prey Var, Svay Rieng to facilitate efficient cross-border transport and trade between Cambodia and Viet Nam. The project will support a sustainable road maintenance regime, community-based road safety measures, and HIV/AIDS and human trafficking prevention program, climate-resilient measures, and efficient project management in the MPWT.
Impact Improved access to markets, jobs, and social services in four project provinces (Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Pray Veng, and Svay Rieng)
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Safe, climate-resilient, and cost-effective road network that provides all-year access in the agricultural areas of the project provinces
Progress Toward Outcome Overall progress as of end of January 2015 is 22.2%.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Project roads and the CBF at Prey Var, Svay Rieng rehabilitated

2. Improved MPWT road asset management

3. Increased road safety, institutional efficiency, and awareness of potential social problems

4. Increased resilience of project roads to climate change

5. Efficient project management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

There are 5 contract packages to be implemented under the Project. These are: CW-A: Improvement of NR 13; CW-B1: Improvement of NR 314D; CW-B2: Prey Var CBF; and CW-C: Improvement of NR150B, NR53, NR151B, which are under Civil Works Output. The remaining contract CW-D will be awarded under Improved Climate Resilience Output. Currently, CW-A, CW-B1, and CW-C have been already awarded early 2014, and all contracts have commenced initial works after UXO clearance. Meanwhile, CW-B2 is under bidding process and expected for award mid 2015.

All 3 awarded contracts commenced works in 1 September 2014 after the site offices are completed. This will take the completion of civil works to end-August 2017, only 1 month before the loan closing date. For this, the Mission during last review mission in August to September 2014, expressed strong concern that there is a need to accelerate the works during dry seasons with additional resources. It would be very likely that a 2-month delay due to potential external factors, thus speeding up is essential. The major cause of delay of civil works is the delay in site possession due to resettlement compensation delay. PMU3 assured that they will continue the dialog with the Inter-ministerial Resettlement Committee (IRC) to speed-up this process.

Updated resettlement plan for CW-C: Improvement of NR150B, NR53, NR151B has been approved on 8 January 2015.

no achievement to date

Road asset management is to be designed in 2015.

no achievement to date.

activities are ongoing for the road safety; HIV prevention program consultant mobilized in March 2014. The following activities have been achieved during May 2014 by the consultant: designing baseline survey on HIV and human trafficking awareness and prevention among general population in program areas; session plan for training commune and district AIDS committees on HIV and human trafficking awareness and prevention; and the information education and communication materials such as posters, leaflets and billboards on HIV and human trafficking prevention have been developed.

baseline survey report has been finalized, and was submitted to PMU3 in end August 2014.

no achievement to date

no achievement to date

as of Dec 2014, CW-A and B1 is achieved up to 15%, CW-C is achieved up to 11%.

Consultants mobilized in March 2014. The consultant gathered all GIS information databases that can be used for improving the accuracy of the current model; training was conducted in November on survey equipment.

no achievement to date

no achievement to date

no achievement to date

no achievement to date

as of Dec 2014, staff of PMU3 reached to 24 persons (17 male, 7 female)

not yet started

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The project has been classified as category B for environment. Results of the initial environmental examination (IEE) showed that only minor adverse environmental impacts are anticipated for the improvement of project roads and implementation of small-scale climate change adaptation measures for surrounding communities. Such impacts, which are considered short-term and temporary in nature, will be largely experienced during construction mainly due to elevated levels of dust and noise, traffic disruption, and potential occupational and community health and safety risks, but can be mitigated. It has also been confirmed that none of the project roads are located near culturally protected areas and that no rare, threatened, or endangered species of flora and fauna are found in or close to the alignments.

Except for National Road (NR) 53, none of the project roads are in close proximity to any protected areas of ecological significance. NR 53 runs alongside part of the eastern boundary of Phnom Aural Wildlife Sanctuary (PAWS) for a distance of approximately 6.5 km. The Provincial Department of Environment confirmed that NR 53 does not intrude into the PAWS. As in the other Project roads, there are no forested areas in the vicinity of NR 53. The PAWS zones close to NR 53 are the community and sustainable zones which are predominantly agricultural areas while its conservation and core zones, at the nearest points, are approximately 2 km and 5 km, respectively, from NR 53. As such, no adverse environmental impacts are anticipated for all Project roads on ecologically protected areas. To avoid or mitigate negative impacts arising from the Project, an environmental management plan (EMP) detailing mitigation measures, monitoring activities and implementation responsibilities has been prepared as part of the IEE. Public consultations involving affected people and local officials have been conducted during the preparation of the IEE in compliance with ADB information disclosure and consultation requirements through focus group discussions and individual interviews along all project roads. Environment was not seen as a major issue by those persons interviewed. To ensure that the project is carried out in accordance with the EMP requirements, the Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT) will specify details of the implementation of the EMP in the bid and contract documents for consulting services and civil works. MPWT will be assisted by the DDIS consultant in monitoring the environmental performance of contractors. The detailed design implementation and supervision consultant will also provide on-the-job training to the field personnel of the Environment Safeguards Office of MPWT to build their capacity in environmental management and monitoring.

Involuntary Resettlement The project is category B for involuntary resettlement. The project will require the acquisition of approximately 24.4 hectares (ha) of land within the existing right-of-way of the various roads, and 2.5 ha of privately owned land for the Prey Var CBF. Land acquisition will affect non-land assets of an estimated 936 households. Of the 566 households experiencing impacts on structures (houses and/or shops), all will be partially affected or will otherwise be able to move back on remaining unaffected land beyond the corridor of impact. No households are expected to otherwise require relocation. A resettlement plan and a combined resettlement and ethnic minority development plan have been prepared in compliance with ADB's Safeguards Policy Statement (2009) to ensure full mitigation of all involuntary resettlement impacts.
Indigenous Peoples The project is category B for indigenous peoples. The presence of and potential project activity impacts on indigenous peoples in the project areas have been screened. There are approximately 3,000 ethnic Cham households in the project areas. Consultations during project preparation reveal their unanimous support for the project with typical expected benefits in the form of improved access to services as well as livelihood opportunities. An estimated 49 ethnic Cham and 5 ethnic Vietnamese households will be affected by land acquisition within the road right of way. Most of the resettlement impacts will be temporary in nature and will require relocation to remaining unaffected land outside the corridor of impact. Other negative impacts are the generalized increased risks of HIV/AIDS transmission, human trafficking as well as road accidents associated with the construction and operation of the project. Specific interests of the indigenous peoples affected by involuntary resettlement as well as indigenous peoples communities in the project areas are addressed in the combined resettlement and ethnic minority development plan; HIV/AIDS and human trafficking prevention strategy; and Labor and Gender Action Plan to ensure their equitable participation in project benefits and decision making as well as ensure that adverse impacts are effectively mitigated.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consulting services for the (i) detailed design and implementation supervision, (ii) road asset management, (iii) HIV awareness and prevention program and (iv) climate change adaptation will be recruited using QCBS (80:20) selection.
Procurement ICB will be adopted for all civil works contracts. NCB for goods for contracts estimated between $100,000 and $500,000. Shopping will be used for contracts of $100,000 and less.
Responsible ADB Officer Shihiru Date
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Public Works and TransportPMUHWY1@CAMNET.COM.KH1st Floor West Building,
Corner Norodom Boulevard Street 106
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 29 Nov 2010
Fact Finding 24 Aug 2011 to 30 Aug 2011
MRM 19 Aug 2009
Approval 16 Dec 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 17 Mar 2015

Grant 0278-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Dec 2011 21 Feb 2012 02 Aug 2012 30 Sep 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 7.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 16 Dec 2011 0.00 2.93 42%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 7.00 16 Dec 2011 0.00 1.44 21%

Loan 2839-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Dec 2011 21 Feb 2012 02 Aug 2012 30 Sep 2017 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 61.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 52.00 16 Dec 2011 42.87 0.00 92%
Counterpart 9.80 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 16 Dec 2011 10.27 0.00 22%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Partly satisfactory - - - - -

Loan 8254-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Nov 2011 21 Feb 2012 02 Aug 2012 30 Sep 2017 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 02 Nov 2011 0.00 9.35 93%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 10.00 02 Nov 2011 0.00 2.21 22%

TA 8005-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Dec 2011 02 Feb 2012 02 Feb 2012 16 Dec 2012 15 Dec 2013 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 550,000.00 16 Dec 2011 489,479.72
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Partly satisfactory - - - - -

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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