The project is Environment Category B, as the proposed sub-projects are not expected to cause irreversible adverse environment impacts. The IEEs conducted for all the project cities, identified potential impacts and mitigation measures to be implemented through environment management plans (EMPs). The IEEs are in accordance with the ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS), and the applicable environment regulations of the government. The IEEs indicate that the potential impacts of the sub-projects are primarily construction related and can be mitigated with good practices in construction outlined in the EMPs. At the detailed design stage, when the EMPs are updated, the final receiving environments for the wastewater treatment plants and landfill will be reviewed to ensure that local groundwater and human uses of the affected areas are not adversely affected.
The EMPs will be finalized during the detailed design stage of the project. The final EMPs, cleared by the ADB, shall form part of the contract bidding documents. The adequate incorporation of environmental considerations during design and allocation of sufficient budget for O&M/R will mitigate the potential adverse impacts during operation. Effective environment monitoring at all stages of the sub-project implementation will be ensured. In compliance with ADBs information disclosure and consultation requirements, the safeguard documents will be posted on ADB's website. A grievance redress mechanism was developed and included in the safeguard document to facilitate resolution of complaints regarding the performance of the project.
The safeguard category for involuntary resettlement (IR) is A as one of the subprojects (flood control in Neak Loeung) has significant IR impacts. Three resettlement plans (RPs) have been prepared for the subprojects, which will trigger land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) impacts. They are (i) Battambang wastewater treatment and flood protection; (ii) Poipet wastewater treatment and (iii) Neak Loeung flood control. Six due diligence studies were also prepared for sub-projects without LAR impacts, which include (i) Urban Road, Bavet, (i) Wastewater, Bavet, (iii) Solid Waste Management, Poipet, (iv) MRF, Bavet, (v) MRF, Poipet (vi) MRF, Battambang.
Resettlement documents were prepared in consultation with local communities according to ADB's SPS and Cambodian laws and regulations. In compliance with ADB's information disclosure and consultation requirements, the RPs will be posted on the ADB website. A grievance redress mechanism will help to facilitate resolution of complaints regarding project performance. The RPs will be updated and disclosed after detailed design and cleared by ADB prior to contract awards.
||The Cambodian population consists of Khmer, Cham, Chinese, Vietnamese, and a smaller number of Lao and hill tribes. In the Cambodian language. None of the 24 indigenous people (IP) groups are resident in the participating corridor towns. For all the project towns, the surveys undertaken for the poverty and social assessments (PSAs) identified that the subproject areas are predominantly Khmer. The beneficiary communities, which include some non-indigenous minorities, are supportive of the subprojects, can see clear and direct benefits for them, and understand that the adverse impacts are manageable and can be properly mitigated. The social assessment confirms the conclusion that the project categorization is C, which does not require the preparation of an IP development plan.