The Project is a category B project with respect to involuntary resettlement. The civil works under the Project will be conducted within existing road alignments; therefore, only minimal temporary impact on land or resettlement impact is expected. The number of households that may experience incidental impact from civil works will be small. The two sample
roads have been screened and their impact on involuntary resettlement has been determined to be minor or insignificant. The impact will be assessed through the screening of each subproject.
|During Project Design
At the inception stage, a stakeholder analysis was carried out to identify the primary and secondary stakeholders; their interests in the Project, their perceptions of current problems related to road accessibility, and transport services. Meetings have been held at the national level with Ministry of Infrastructure (MOI), DRBFC, PMU within MOI, International Labor Organization (in Dili and at one of their project sites in Bacau), RSIP labor-intensive component contractors in Manututo, Directorate of Land and Property, Bobonaro District Administration, and CARE International.
A national consultative workshop was held 30 April 2009 which covered all aspects of the Project including the process for selection of subprojects for inclusion and prioritization in the 10-year master plan, phase 2 technical/engineering, road condition assessment, economic analysis, environmental, social, community-based labor outputs, establishing a road maintenance fund, and how the community would be involved. Consultation meetings were organized with district authorities (district administrators; regional and district works departments; community development, health and education advisors; and district women's networks); along with other local stakeholders including representatives of the community sector (local NGOs, etc.) and the private sector (local business households, bus/truck drivers, etc.). Participation strategy included focus group discussions as well as a structured methodology through survey tools (household socioeconomic survey, traffic survey, and passenger transport operator survey).
|During Project Implementation
||MOI, the EA for the Project, will engage staff responsible for safeguards implementation including environmental and social impact assessment, development of management and mitigation plans, and community consultation activities. The PMU, with assistance from a project supervision consultant, will establish a consultation program for each subproject. The purpose is (i) to inform communities about the Project and, in detail, about the subproject works; (ii) to provide information about the expected benefits and potential adverse impact, as well as project measures such as compensation, environmental management, community-based initiatives through the JFPR and labor-based maintenance activities; (iii) to provide a forum for communities to participate in the Project and express their interests, preferences and concerns; and (iv) to facilitate different aspects of the implementation of the subproject. Consultations with communities will take place at different points in the planning and implementation of subprojects, and will be designed not only to inform people about the subproject or specific activities related to its preparation and implementation, but also to enable people in the community to ask questions, make suggestions, state preferences and express concerns. Special attention will be paid to the participation of women and any other vulnerable groups.