Regional: Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 2)

Sovereign Project | 43427-012

Summary

The TA will help ensure food security for the population in Pacific CTI countries, resulting from the increased resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems. It will support the introduction of more effective management of coastal and marine resources, especially those associated with coral ecosystems, to build their resilience in a period of increased threats arising from human induced and climate change impacts.

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Project Name Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 2)
Project Number 43427-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7753-REG: Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase 2)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.15 million
Regional Cooperation and Integration Fund US$ 800,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The TA will help ensure food security for the population in Pacific CTI countries, resulting from the increased resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems. It will support the introduction of more effective management of coastal and marine resources, especially those associated with coral ecosystems, to build their resilience in a period of increased threats arising from human induced and climate change impacts.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The R-PATA responds to ADB's Pacific Region Environment Strategy at the local level by (i) providing support for the mainstreaming of environment issues within the wider government policy and strategy framework, (ii) supporting the provision of environmental services through urban and rural land use planning linked to water quality and water quantity management needs, and (iii) promoting a focus on delivering ICM management through community-based programs that are linked within a wider ecosystems management framework and with strong linkages to building diversified livelihoods, including coastal tourism. At the sub-national level, the R-PATA supports strengthening the management of marine and coastal resources through spatial planning, threat management, and eco-regional assessments to prioritize programs within an ICM framework. At the national level, the project links closely to the ADB strategy for improved environmental governance with institutional restructuring and strengthening, policy and legal development, and for building enhanced legal capability and transparency. The move towards national ICM or island-wide spatial planning is seen as a major step towards strengthening the mainstreaming of coastal ecosystem management needs into wider development planning. The R-PATA will also influence development planning and regional economic integration at the sub-regional level through linkages with the CTI Regional Secretariat. The R-PATA is closely aligned with the following approved or have been proposed TAs: (i) Regional Review of the Economics of Climate Change in Southeast Asia; (ii) Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the CTI-Southeast Asia;(iii) Regional Connectivity in Infrastructure in Archipelagic Southeast Asia; and (iv) Enhancing Regional Cooperation and Knowledge Sharing to Support the CTI. Synergies across these TA projects will ensure appropriate support for the protection and conservation of the region's coral reef and associated ecosystems.
Impact Coastal and marine resources ensure sustainable food security for the population in the five Pacific countries.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems is attained in the five Pacific countries
Progress Toward Outcome

Carried out the basic staffing for the Regional Program Management Office (RPMO) with the mobilization of the Team Leader/Regional Program Manager, and NPMUs. Due to the high cost of operation in PNG, the physical establishment the RPMO has not been done to date. Changes were effected in the TA's implementation arrangements to allow for changes in the type of consultants to be engaged, based on in-country and regional requirements.

FCG ANZDEC, as the PMC, continues to provide the in-country program management and implementation in the 5 countries, including (i) detailed work planning; (ii) coordinating demonstration activities; (iii) procurement of goods and services, including subcontracting service providers to implement subprojects and training activities; (iv) financial management; and (v) documentation and reporting. It also continues to engage international and national specialists as required to undertake various national and regional activities. NPMUs continue to provide in-country coordination and management overseeing and coordinating the implementation of program activities in the field.

The TCU set up within PARD is currently staffed by (i) an international project planning and coordination specialist to provide the necessary and timely support in managing TCU's operations including coordination and facilitation, and to assist in technical, administrative, and finance-related matters; (ii) a project analyst to monitor financial disbursements and contract compliance as well as provide coordination support to implement the project's overall work program; and (iii) a web communications team. The web team supports the TCU in developing information, education, and communication (IEC) products, including events, articles, tools, and videos, on coastal and marine resource management and in climate change adaptation relevant to Pacific Coral Triangle countries. Support staff services are also in place.

Developed and made available a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework with monitoring and reporting tools to guide country activities. NPMU staff have been trained in its use and application. However, the M&E activities need to be strengthened, including a more focused analysis and processing of collected data.

Access to project information and documents is through an online file-sharing account administered by the PMC. This serves as the repository of all reports and presentation materials. Access has been granted to all project partners and consultants interested to share or download project-related information.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Capabilities of national and local institutions strengthened in sustainable coastal and marine resources management

Coastal communities experienced in applying best practices in ecosystem-based management and climate change adaptation

Resilience of coastal ecosystems to climate change enhanced

Effective program management established by ADB and the participating governments

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Fiji Islands, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Vanuatu
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design All five countries were consulted during project design phase.
During Project Implementation

Notable achievements in all five participating countries, include successful subprojects at government priority coastal zone sites, and regionally, by increasing awareness of activities through the web-based Coral Triangle Knowledge Network (CTKN) operated and maintained by ADB. Progress across the countries varied in consideration of implementation capacity of governments, increased involvement of nongovernment organizations (NGOs), and availability of required expertise in integrated coastal management. Studies by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and WorldFish Center (WFC) have been completed while activities of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) are ongoing. IUCN's contract was extended to August 2015.

In 2014 the project focused on generating subproject proposals related to integrated coastal management (ICM). Annual implementation review workshops were conducted in September 2012 and April 2013 at ADB headquarters to discuss project progress and issues/concerns requiring attention/solutions for consideration. Participants included Government representatives from focal ministries, all implementing partners, the national project management teams, collaborators and the TA coordination unit.

The identification and prioritization of activities continues to be in close coordination with the CTI National Coordinating Councils (NCCs) of PNG, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste, the Integrated Coastal Management Committee of Fiji, and the Technical Working Group in Vanuatu. This ensures that identified priorities are consistent with the CTI objectives and aligned with the respective countries' National Plans of Action (NPoAs). At the sub-project level, community and stakeholders consultations were undertaken to directly engage their participation in the implementation of activities.

A mid-term review of the project was conducted in 2014 to assess the project and recommend measures to improve the implementation and achieve its overarching objective of ensuring food security. The review constituted country visits in the five Pacific countries and extensive consultations with key stakeholders. The MTR recommendations will inform and guide changes in the scope and implementation arrangements for the TA.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The PMC recruited is to supply 91.5 person-months of international and 423 person-months of national consulting services to support in-country program management and implementation in the five Pacific countries. The firm was selected using QCBS evaluation (90:10) following ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants apart from demonstrating strong technical skills and proven program management experience.

The TCU established within ADB's Pacific Department has engaged an international program coordinator, international project planning and monitoring specialist, and national project planning and monitoring specialist on separate occasions. To date, the TCU consists of the international project planning and coordination specialist, project analyst, web developer, and web communications specialist.

In addition, 51 person-months of consultant inputs are to be provided by IUCN Oceania, the World Fish Center (WFC), and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), all engaged on a single source selection basis to conduct special studies, research, and other selected activities related to climate change adaptation, environmental law and learning, and food security issues. IFPRI and WFC have completed their contracts on 31 October 2013 and 15 November 2014, respectively. IUCN's contract has been extended to 31 August 2015 from 30 April 2014.

Responsible ADB Officer Maria Lourdes Drilon
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport, Energy and Natural Resources Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 31 Mar 2010
Fact Finding 02 May 2010 to 14 Jul 2010
MRM -
Approval 14 Dec 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 09 Apr 2010
Last PDS Update 12 Mar 2015

TA 7753-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
14 Dec 2010 - 14 Dec 2010 31 Dec 2014 31 Oct 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,950,000.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 450,000.00 5,400,000.00 14 Dec 2010 6,387,349.33

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Evaluation Documents

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