Output 1: Capabilities of national and local institutions strengthened in sustainable coastal and marine resources management.
" Conducted regional and in-country training programs and workshops on: (i) ICRM, EBFM, marine protected areas (MPAs) management, and climate change adaptation; (ii) data collection; (iv) organizational reforms; and (v) environmental and resource management law, including those related to ICRM and EBFM.
" Documented lessons learned and country case studies through IUCN's Lessons Learning Framework for the environmental law component.
" Strengthened environmental law associations as platforms in pursuing the countries' environmental law and policy development, such as the development of protected areas policy and legislation in Papua New Guinea, development of ICRM in Fiji and environmental policy for Vanuatu.
" Enabled the development and passage of the new Malaita Province Fisheries Ordinance (Bill) in Solomon Islands and ministerial diplomas for the MPA sites in Atauro and Batugade in Timor-Leste that define their boundaries, set up an aquatic natural reserve, and regulate their management
" Supported activities on sustainable financing in Vanuatu toward the development of an environment and climate change trust fund (ECT) to build and ensure support to the programs of the Department of Environment on environmental conservation and climate change adaptation. An ECT Administration Manual has been introduced and a draft ECT Bill was developed to meet Vanuatu's policy needs and address constraints.
Output 2: Coastal communities experienced in applying best practices in ecosystem-based management and climate change adaptation.
" Implemented subprojects in the priority sites through subcontracted NGOs on community based resource management, sustainable financing, mangrove rehabilitation, women's active involvement in locally managed marine areas, ecosystem-based approach to resource management, ridge-to-reef approach to resource management, community-based management of crown-of-thorns starfish, communication, education, and information awareness on MPAs, and other ICRM planning-related activities.
" Developed the marine conservation plans for Malaita and Isabel provinces in Solomon Islands, and drafted the MPA management plan in Atauro and Batugade in Timor-Leste.
" Continuous administration and operation of the Coral Triangle Knowledge Network (http://www.ctknetwork.org) to showcase CTI-related news, knowledge products and events, and serve as an information and knowledge exchange tool for the general public, and a learning platform about the Coral Triangle region.
Output 3: Resilience of coastal ecosystems to climate change enhanced.
" Produced 13 regional resource maps showing estimates of reef areas vulnerable to coral bleaching, coastline length vulnerable to ocean acidification, land area vulnerable to submersion at 1-meter sea level rise, area of key marine habitats, and area of marine habitats under protection.
Completed studies on (i) Responding to Climate Change using an Adaptation Pathways and Decision-making Approach by WorldFish that recommends ways to strengthen the capacity of stakeholders to assess climate change risks to coastal livelihoods and develop cost-effective planned responses to reduce these risks (http://www.ctknetwork.org/videos/community-based-adaptation-to-climate-change-empowers-coastal-communities-in-timor-leste/ and http://www.adb.org/publications/climate-change-coral-triangle-pacific-countries); and (ii) Future Prospects and Adaptation Strategies for the Fisheries Sector under Climate Change in the Pacific Coral Triangle Countries by IFPRI that used its modeling approach to food supply, demand, and price scenarios in Fiji, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, and Vanuatu, and generated a set of 12 general conclusions concerning the implications for food security in these countries.
Output 4: Effective program management established by ADB and the participating governments
" Engaged the FCG ANZDEC from 25 October 2011 to 30 October 2015, as the PMC to carry out the basic staffing for the RPMO and the NPMUs, and provide in-country program management and implementation in the 5 countries, including (i) mobilization of national and international specialists/consultants; (ii) detailed work planning; (iii) coordination of demonstration activities; (iv) procurement of goods and services, including subcontracting of service providers to implement subprojects and training activities; (v) financial management; and (vi) documentation and reporting.
" Set up the TCU within PARD to support TA implementation.
" Developed a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework with monitoring and reporting tools to guide country activities, and trained the NPMU staff on its use and application. The PMC submitted 11 quarterly progress reports as well as periodic updates on a subproject basis to track the progress of project-supported activities. A monitoring and evaluation specialist was mobilized to conduct a more focused analysis and processing of collected data in the context of the overall objective of the project.
" Set up an online file-sharing account administered by the PMC to access subproject information and documents, and served as the repository of all reports and presentation materials. Access was granted to all project partners and consultants interested to share or download project-related information.
" Provided continuous support to strengthen the role of the CTI National Coordinating Committees (NCCs) or their equivalents (National Integrated Coastal Management [NICM]in Fiji and National Advisory Board [NAB] in Vanuatu) as platforms for ICRM-related discussions, exchange of information, as well as coordination and identification of synergies across key stakeholders.
" Updated and costed the national plans of action (NPOAs) of Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands to serve as the foundation for future CTI budgeting and funding of the countries' identified priorities, specifically on improving food security.